March 10, 2019 • 1 min
Cancer is one of the most invasive and destructive diseases of our civilization. It is hard to treat because it spreads rapidly, and the number of cancer types is still increasing. Currently, 11 million people yearly are diagnosed with cancer, and this number will increase to 16 million yearly in 2020 Early diagnosis and effective treatment may save cancer patients from death. The treatment varies but is usually a combination of surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and biological therapies, as well as targeted therapy. The choice of therapy depends on the type of cancer, its location and grade, the stage of the disease, and the general state of a patient. Among these treatments, chemotherapy plays an important role. The most frequently used chemotherapeutic agents are 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, paclitaxel, and docetaxel. These molecules typically induce apoptosis in cancer cells, but they may also be toxic to normal human cells and cause many side effects. Therefore, it is imperative that we develop new and more advanced molecules with anticancer properties.