Prehistoric communities off the coast of Britain embraced rising seas – what this means for today's island nations

New research has mapped sea-level rise around the Isles of Scilly over the last 12,000 years.

Robert Barnett, Lecturer in Geography, University of Exeter • conversation
Nov. 4, 2020 ~24 min

sea-level-rise interdisciplinarity climate-crisis adaptation in-depth insights-series prehistory

Older people like President Trump are at more risk from COVID-19 because of how the immune system ages

Older coronavirus patients face grimmer outlooks. A virologist explains the aging-related changes in how immune systems work that are to blame.

Brian Geiss, Associate Professor of Microbiology, Immunology & Pathology, Colorado State University • conversation
Oct. 2, 2020 ~7 min

covid-19 coronavirus immune-system t-cells immunology aging donald-trump sars-cov-2 immunity adaptive-immune-response innate-immune-response immune-response white-blood-cells t-cell immune-function coronavirus-pandemic diagnostic-test

Evolution on the smallest of scales smooths out the patchwork patterns of where plants and animals live

Local adaptation allows plants and animals to thrive in a diversity of places. Sometimes adaptation sharpens patterns of where organisms live, but 85% of the time, it creates a more homogeneous world.

Mark C. Urban, Director, Center of Biological Risk; Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut • conversation
Oct. 2, 2020 ~10 min

evolution environment ecology trees forests charles-darwin adaptation

Plants might be able to tell us about the location of dead bodies, helping families find missing people

Researchers are figuring out how plants respond to the presence of human cadavers. The findings could prove important for discovering the locations of murder victims or mass graves.

Neal Stewart, Professor of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee • conversation
Sept. 3, 2020 ~7 min

 evolution  innovation  agriculture  plants  microbes  adaptation  genetically-modified-organisms  forensics  genetically-modified-plants  decomposition

Plants might be able to tell us about the location of dead people, helping families find missing people

Researchers are figuring out how plants respond to the presence of human cadavers. The findings could prove important for discovering the locations of murder victims or mass graves.

Neal Stewart, Professor of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee • conversation
Sept. 3, 2020 ~7 min

 evolution  innovation  agriculture  plants  microbes  adaptation  genetically-modified-organisms  forensics  genetically-modified-plants  decomposition

Declining antibodies and immunity to COVID-19 – why the worry?

If antibody levels drop dramatically after an infection, what does that mean for immunity? An expert explains how B and T cells contribute to immunity and why antibodies don't tell the full story.

Alexander (Sasha) Poltorak, Professor of Immunology, Tufts University • conversation
Aug. 26, 2020 ~7 min

covid-19 immune-system pandemic sars-cov-2 adaptive-immune-response innate-immune-response immune-response t-cell antibody b-cell

IBD: How a class of killer T cells goes rogue in inflammatory bowel disease

Researchers discover clues to the origin of inflammatory bowel disease and a possible strategy for treatment.

John Chang, Professor of Medicine, University of California San Diego • conversation
Aug. 21, 2020 ~9 min

inflammatory-bowel-disease crohns-disease immune-system t-cells adaptive-immune-response innate-immune-response

Families can support kids' mental health whether they're learning remotely or at school – here's how

Good mental health is the ability to adapt to changes and stress. Whatever school looks like, parents can help keep kids' social-emotional development on track in these four areas.

Erika Bocknek, Associate Professor of Educational Psychology, Wayne State University • conversation
Aug. 19, 2020 ~9 min

mental-health school psychology stress sleep adaptation child-development child-psychology k-12-education emotions empathy emotional-skills identity self-esteem pandemic-school-closures pandemic-parenting remote-learning bedtime-routine social-emotional-development prosocial-behaviors sleep-hygiene peer-relationships reciprocity remote-schooling

Bangladesh has saved thousands of lives from a devastating cyclone – here’s how

Cyclone Amphan was one of the worst cyclones to hit Bangladesh in modern times. But thanks to local action, many lives were saved.

Bayes Ahmed, Lecturer in Risk and Disaster Science, UCL • conversation
June 5, 2020 ~8 min

interdisciplinarity climate-crisis adaptation extreme-weather bangladesh cyclones tropical-cyclones

Will three billion people really live in temperatures as hot as the Sahara by 2070?

New study is a brilliant thought experiment, despite focus on an unrealistic worst case climate change scenario.

Mark Maslin, Professor of Earth System Science, UCL • conversation
May 6, 2020 ~7 min

climate-change climate-change-adaptation

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