How biomarkers can record and reconstruct climate trends

Scientists reveal the genes and proteins controlling the chemical structure of a paleoclimate biomarker.

Fatima Husain | EAPS | Dec. 4, 2019 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science research climate ocean-science dna biology geology climate-change microbes evolution genetics bacteria earth-and-atmospheric-sciences national-science-foundation-nsf department-of-energy-doe

Investigating the rise of oxygenic photosynthesis

EAPS scientists find an alternative explanation for mineral evidence thought to signal the presence of oxygen prior to the Great Oxidation Event.

Kate Petersen | EAPS | Dec. 4, 2019 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science microbes environment climate bacteria evolution biology geology research genetics

A new way to control microbial metabolism

Chemical engineers program bacteria to switch between different metabolic pathways, boosting their yield of desirable products.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office | Dec. 2, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: research chemical-engineering school-of-engineering national-science-foundation-nsf bacteria microbes biological-engineering synthetic-biology

Continuing a legacy of Antarctic exploration

The Summons Lab compares lipids from Antarctic microbial communities to century-old samples.

Fatima Husain | EAPS | Nov. 22, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science biology climate climate-change evolution research animals earth-and-atmospheric-sciences geology ecology environment microbes bacteria genetics

Taking a moonshot at a rare childhood cancer

Team of researchers including MIT Professor Angela Koehler obtains $5.8 million grant to study fusion-positive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma.

Bendta Schroeder | Koch Institute | Nov. 20, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: koch-institute broad-institute biological-engineering school-of-engineering cancer medicine grants research national-institutes-of-health-nih funding biology

Microbial cooperation at the micron scale impacts biodegradation

MIT researchers demonstrate how often-ignored microbial interactions have a significant impact on the biodegradation of complex materials.

Maria Iacobo | Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering | Nov. 15, 2019 | mit
~3 mins   

Tags: civil-and-environmental-engineering school-of-engineering ecology climate-change research microbes carbon biology


Evolution more complex than ‘survival of the fittest’ had us believe

By re-barcoding the DNA of yeast, researchers were able to follow evolution for approximately 1,000 generations, finding surprises along the way.

Clea Simon | Nov. 13, 2019 | harvard
~4 mins   

Tags: science-technology alex-n-nguyen-ba barcoding dna evolution ivana-cvijovic michael-desai organismic-and-evolutionary-biology physics yeast

Where plastic outnumbers fish by seven to one

Plastic is building up in the areas of the ocean where fish feed and grow, according to research.

By Helen Briggs | Nov. 12, 2019 | bbcnews
~3 mins   

Tags: environment fish oceans plastic-pollution marine-biology plastic

New pathway for lung cancer treatment

MIT researchers identify pyrimidine biosynthesis as a target for the treatment of small cell lung cancer.

Bendta Schroeder | Koch Institute | Nov. 6, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: koch-institute biology school-of-science research cancer medicine drug-development

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