Clues link gut disease and brain injury in preemies

New research in mice may clarify why premature infants who survive necrotizing enterocolitis also develop a severe brain injury.

Michael E. Newman-Johns Hopkins • futurity
Jan. 11, 2021 ~11 min

brains babies health-and-medicine immune-systems intestines premature-babies

Delaying second COVID-19 vaccine doses will make supplies last longer but comes with risks

With vaccine shortages looming, experts are debating whether it is important to receive two doses or whether it's better to give one dose to more people and give a second when the supply is better.

Sanjay Mishra, Project Coordinator & Staff Scientist, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt University • conversation
Jan. 11, 2021 ~11 min

 covid-19  coronavirus  immune-system  pandemic  t-cells  antibodies  sars-cov-2  moderna  astrazeneca  pfizerbiontech-vaccine

Gut cells warn immune system about parasite invasion

Cells that researchers don't usually think of as having to do with the immune system may actually play a key early role in alerting the body to infection.

Katherine Unger Baillie-Penn • futurity
Dec. 30, 2020 ~9 min

cells parasites health-and-medicine digestive-system immune-systems

Should pregnant women get the COVID-19 vaccine? Will it protect against asymptomatic infections and mutated viruses? An immunologist answers 3 questions

With vaccines forthcoming for most Americans, many groups, including expectant mothers, are wondering if the vaccine is safe for them and their babies. A physician-scientist explains.

William Petri, Professor of Medicine, University of Virginia • conversation
Dec. 23, 2020 ~6 min

 covid-19  coronavirus  immune-system  pandemic  vaccines  sars-cov-2  viruses  ace2  spike-protein  moderna  pfizerbiontech-vaccine

What are the COVID-19 vaccine’s side effects?

Though the COVID-19 vaccines are highly effective, they could cause some side effects. Epidemiologist William Moss explains what to expect.

Johns Hopkins University • futurity
Dec. 22, 2020 ~5 min

covid-19 vaccines health-and-medicine immune-systems side-effects

SARS-CoV-2 spike protein can get into the brain

New evidence from research in mice strongly suggests that the virus that causes COVID-19 can enter the brain. "You do not want to mess with this virus."

Bobbi Nodell-Washington • futurity
Dec. 21, 2020 ~5 min

covid-19 brains viruses health-and-medicine immune-systems

How mRNA and adenovirus vaccines work

COVID-19 vaccines are becoming available. But how do they work? Immunologist Matt Koci brings you up to speed on mRNA and adenovirus vaccines.

Matt Shipman-NC State • futurity
Dec. 18, 2020 ~15 min

covid-19 vaccines viruses health-and-medicine immune-systems

The top scientific breakthrough for 2020 was understanding SARS-CoV-2 and how it causes COVID-19 – and then developing multiple vaccines

The development of multiple vaccines against the virus that causes COVID-19 has been hailed as the breakthrough of 2020. But there were many more supporting discoveries that made this possible.

David Pride, Associate Director of Microbiology, University of California San Diego • conversation
Dec. 17, 2020 ~11 min

 innovation  genome  covid-19  immune-system  pandemic  vaccines  sars-cov-2  remdesivir  drug-development  monoclonal-antibodies  astrazeneca  pfizerbiontech-vaccine  moderna-vaccine  pfizer-vaccine

Lab-made killer T cell attacks cells that cause diabetes

A genetically engineered killer T cell can identify and attack the T cells that cause type 1 diabetes in mice, researchers report.

Stacy Pigott-Arizona • futurity
Dec. 14, 2020 ~5 min

evolution diabetes t-cells biomimicry health-and-medicine immune-systems

Stuff in caterpillar spit warns cowpeas of an attack

Cowpeas, a type of bean plant, have receptors on the surface of their cells that can sniff out stuff in caterpillar spit to sound an alarm before an attack.

James Urton-U. Washington • futurity
Dec. 7, 2020 ~5 min

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