In the Amazon, forest degradation is outpacing full deforestation

Forest that has been disturbed – but not cleared – by logging or fire can be hard to spot from satellites.

Tommaso Jucker, Research Fellow and Lecturer, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol • conversation
Sept. 10, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: climate-change brazil deforestation amazon-forest forest-degradation

Are young trees or old forests more important for slowing climate change?

The age of a forest can influence how effectively it offsets our emissions.

Tom Pugh, Reader in Biosphere-Atmosphere Exchange, University of Birmingham • conversation
July 30, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: climate-change trees forests deforestation reforestation tree-planting carbon-cycle natural-climate-solutions

Video: Slowing deforestation is the key to preventing the next pandemic – but what does that cost?

A new study estimates that $22 billion to $30 billion dollars per year needs to be spent to maintain forests and reduce the likelihood of a pathogen jumping from wildlife to humans.

Les Kaufman, Professor of Biology, Boston University, Boston University • conversation
July 27, 2020 ~9 min

Tags: coronavirus pandemic ecology environmental deforestation zoonoses forest-management

Coconut oil production threatens five times more species than palm oil – new findings

The coconut – an icon of unspoiled tropical idylls – causes more environmental harm than many people realise.

Erik Meijaard, Adjunct Professor of Conservation, University of Kent • conversation
July 6, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: biodiversity deforestation palm-oil tropical-forest coconut-oil habitat-loss coconuts coconut-water

Gold mining leaves deforested Amazon land barren for years, find scientists

Mining strips nitrogen from the soil and means the forest struggles to grow back even after mines are abandoned. 

David Galbraith, Associate Professor in Earth System Dynamics, University of Leeds • conversation
June 30, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: tropical-forests deforestation amazon-forest tropical-deforestation amazonia gold-mining

How deforestation helps deadly viruses jump from animals to humans

Yellow fever, malaria and Ebola all spilled over from animals to humans at the edges of tropical forests. The new coronavirus is the latest zoonosis.

Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Professor of Epidemiology, Universidade de São Paulo • conversation
June 25, 2020 ~11 min

Tags: health climate covid-19 coronavirus ebola pandemic malaria forests disease epidemics wildlife deforestation bats wildlife-trade monkeys mosquitoes yellow-fever zoonoses vectors carrying-capacity

How forest loss has changed biodiversity across the globe over the last 150 years

New findings show how changes in land use have complex effects on animal and plant species.

Isla Myers-Smith, Chancellor's Fellow in Global Change Ecology, University of Edinburgh • conversation
June 18, 2020 ~7 min

Tags: biodiversity trees forests wildlife deforestation forest-cover woodland forest-loss

Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro is devastating indigenous lands, with the world distracted

A repeat of 2019's disastrous fire season is possible in 2020, and it would have dire consequences.

Mauricio Torres, Professor in Human Geography, Federal University of Pará • conversation
May 30, 2020 ~6 min

Tags: covid-19 coronavirus amazon pandemic brazil deforestation amazon-fires jair-bolsonaro tropical-forest

Dung beetles help rainforests regrow – but extreme drought and wildfires in the Amazon are killing them off

A new study finds 70% of Amazonian dung beetles were killed by the severe fire and droughts of 2015 to 2016. By spreading seeds and poop, dung beetles fertilize forests and aid regrowth of vegetation.

Joice Ferreira, Researcher in Ecology, Federal University of Pará • conversation
March 9, 2020 ~6 min

Tags:  climate-change  brazil  rainforests  drought  deforestation  el-nino  amazon-forest  dung-beetles  reforestation  tropical-deforestation  amazon-fires

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