How many Tyrannosaurus rex walked the Earth?

Using the incredible wealth of fossil data and a modern ecological theory, researchers estimated population density for the extinct apex predator.

Daniel Varajão de Latorre, Ph.D. Student in Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley • conversation
April 16, 2021 ~6 min

Tiny beetle fossil reveals how insects greeted Earth's earliest flowers

Preserved in amber, a tiny beetle has shed light on the moment the world first burst into bloom.

Chenyang Cai, Research Fellow, School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol • conversation
April 15, 2021 ~7 min

Largest ever flying creatures had longer necks than giraffes – we found out how these pterosaurs kept their heads up

Gigantic flying reptiles had impressive wingspans of up to 12 metres – and a special trick in their necks.

Cariad Williams, PhD Candidate, Paleoentomology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • conversation
April 14, 2021 ~7 min

Starfish: rare fossil helps answer the mystery of how they evolved arms

New study sheds light on how the starfish evolved.

Aaron W Hunter, Science Guide & Tutor, Dept. of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge • conversation
Jan. 20, 2021 ~6 min

Giant ancient sharks had enormous babies that ate their siblings in the womb

New fossil detective work sheds light on the life of megalodon, the biggest predatory shark ever discovered.

Tom Fletcher, Honorary Research Fellow in Palaeobiology, University of Leicester • conversation
Jan. 11, 2021 ~5 min

Crocodiles today look the same as they did 200 million years ago – our study explains why

New research shows crocodiles have landed upon an equilibrium state of evolution.

Max Stockdale, Teaching Associate, Vertebrate Macroevolution and Palaeoecology, University of Bristol • conversation
Jan. 7, 2021 ~6 min

Why do scientists care about worms?

'Worm' is really a catchall term for a huge variety of animals with different characteristics that span the tree of life. They hold clues about our own origins as well as hints about human health.

Helen Robertson, Postdoctoral Scholar of Organismal Biology and Anatomy, University of Chicago • conversation
Dec. 10, 2020 ~7 min

We discovered a 115,000-year-old iguana nest fossil in the Bahamas

A trace fossil of an iguana burrow was discovered on San Salvador Island in the Bahamas. Estimated to be 115,000 years old, it is the first known fossil of its kind.

Melissa Hage, Assistant Professor of Environmental Science, Emory University • conversation
Dec. 9, 2020 ~7 min

When did humans first go to war?

A war with Neanderthals makes a compelling narrative but the evidence is limited is best.

John Stewart, Associate Professor of Evolutionary Palaeoecology, Bournemouth University • conversation
Nov. 9, 2020 ~8 min

Pterosaurs increased their flight efficiency over time – new evidence for long-term evolution

Fossils reveal that dinosaurs' flying cousins become twice as efficient at flying over 150 million years.

Michael J. Benton, Professor of Vertebrate Palaeontology, University of Bristol • conversation
Oct. 28, 2020 ~6 min