Delaying second COVID-19 vaccine doses will make supplies last longer but comes with risks

With vaccine shortages looming, experts are debating whether it is important to receive two doses or whether it's better to give one dose to more people and give a second when the supply is better.

Sanjay Mishra, Project Coordinator & Staff Scientist, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt University • conversation
Jan. 11, 2021 ~11 min

 covid-19  coronavirus  immune-system  pandemic  t-cells  antibodies  sars-cov-2  moderna  astrazeneca  pfizerbiontech-vaccine

Should pregnant women get the COVID-19 vaccine? Will it protect against asymptomatic infections and mutated viruses? An immunologist answers 3 questions

With vaccines forthcoming for most Americans, many groups, including expectant mothers, are wondering if the vaccine is safe for them and their babies. A physician-scientist explains.

William Petri, Professor of Medicine, University of Virginia • conversation
Dec. 23, 2020 ~6 min

 covid-19  coronavirus  immune-system  pandemic  vaccines  sars-cov-2  viruses  ace2  spike-protein  moderna  pfizerbiontech-vaccine

The top scientific breakthrough for 2020 was understanding SARS-CoV-2 and how it causes COVID-19 – and then developing multiple vaccines

The development of multiple vaccines against the virus that causes COVID-19 has been hailed as the breakthrough of 2020. But there were many more supporting discoveries that made this possible.

David Pride, Associate Director of Microbiology, University of California San Diego • conversation
Dec. 17, 2020 ~11 min

 innovation  genome  covid-19  immune-system  pandemic  vaccines  sars-cov-2  remdesivir  drug-development  monoclonal-antibodies  astrazeneca  pfizerbiontech-vaccine  moderna-vaccine  pfizer-vaccine

Vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 will have side effects – that's a good thing

The side effects of new SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are a result of immune system activation. While uncomfortable, they are both normal and expected. They are a sign that the vaccine is working.

Matthew Woodruff, Instructor, Lowance Center for Human Immunology, Emory University • conversation
Dec. 3, 2020 ~9 min

 covid-19  coronavirus  inflammation  immune-system  pandemic  vaccines  sars-cov-2  pfizer  spike-protein  moderna  biontech

Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine is cheaper than Pfizer's and Moderna's and doesn't require supercold temperature

There is now a third vaccine that prevents COVID-19 infections. It isn't quite as effective as the other two vaccines but it has advantages that may make it the frontrunner.

Sanjay Mishra, Project Coordinator & Staff Scientist, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Vanderbilt University • conversation
Nov. 24, 2020 ~9 min

 covid-19  immune-system  pandemic  vaccines  sars-cov-2  antibody  university-of-oxford  astrazeneca  covid-19-vaccines  pfizerbiontech-vaccine  moderna-vaccine  pfizer-vaccine

These at-home exercises can help older people boost their immune system and overall health in the age of COVID-19

Older adults, who are at a higher risk for COVID-19 complications, can strengthen their immune systems by exercising.

Lisa Charles, Fitness/Wellness Research Coordinator for the Rutgers Aging Brain Health Alliance, Rutgers University - Newark • conversation
Nov. 24, 2020 ~7 min

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COVID-19 causes some patients' immune systems to attack their own bodies, which may contribute to severe illness

Are antibodies that attack a patient's own organs contributing to severe forms of COVID-19? A new study suggests specific antibody tests that may reveal the answer.

Matthew Woodruff, Instructor, Lowance Center for Human Immunology, Emory University • conversation
Oct. 23, 2020 ~8 min

covid-19 immune-system pandemic antibodies sars-cov-2 viruses autoimmune-diseases autoimmune-illness

Exposure to man-made chemicals influences genes controlling aging, immune system and metabolism

Man-made chemical disrupt the activities of most human genes. What effect does this have on human health and how should regulators respond?

Alexander Suvorov, Assistant Professor, University of Massachusetts Amherst • conversation
Oct. 15, 2020 ~8 min

health environment metabolism obesity immune-system genes toxicology

An autoimmune-like antibody response is linked with severe COVID-19

Patients suffering from severe COVID-19 may be experiencing a rogue antibody response similar to that seen in autoimmune diseases. The findings offer new approaches for COVID-19 therapy.

Matthew Woodruff, Instructor, Lowance Center for Human Immunology, Emory University • conversation
Oct. 8, 2020 ~8 min

 covid-19  immune-system  pandemic  sars-cov-2  viruses  infection  cytokine-storm  antibody  autoimmune-diseases  b-cell

Older people like President Trump are at more risk from COVID-19 because of how the immune system ages

Older coronavirus patients face grimmer outlooks. A virologist explains the aging-related changes in how immune systems work that are to blame.

Brian Geiss, Associate Professor of Microbiology, Immunology & Pathology, Colorado State University • conversation
Oct. 2, 2020 ~7 min

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