Pathways to a low-carbon future

A new study looks at how the global energy mix could change over the next 20 years.

Mark Dwortzan | Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change | Jan. 9, 2020 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: joint-program-on-the-science-and-policy-of-global-change mit-energy-initiative energy greenhouse-gases renewable-energy climate climate-change environment policy alternative-energy emissions research pollution

How long will a volcanic island live?

Plate tectonics and mantle plumes set the lifespan of volcanic islands like Hawaii and the Galapagos.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | Jan. 1, 2020 | mit
~8 mins   

Tags: eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences environment geology evolution research school-of-science nasa

Screen could offer better safety tests for new chemicals

Using specialized liver cells, a new test can quickly detect potentially cancer-causing DNA damage.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office | Dec. 17, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: research cancer biological-engineering school-of-engineering national-institutes-of-health-nih drug-development dna health-sciences-and-technology environment

Taking the carbon out of construction with engineered wood

Substituting lumber for materials such as cement and steel could cut building emissions and costs.

Mark Dwortzan | Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change | Dec. 11, 2019 | mit
~4 mins   

Tags: research climate-change greenhouse-gases emissions climate environment energy economics policy carbon-dioxide building sustainability materials-science-and-engineering cement joint-program-on-the-science-and-policy-of-global-change

Understanding the impact of deep-sea mining

Mining materials from the sea floor could help secure a low-carbon future, but researchers are racing to understand the environmental effects.

Mary Beth Gallagher | Department of Mechanical Engineering | Dec. 5, 2019 | mit
~11 mins   

Tags: mechanical-engineering school-of-engineering oceanography-and-ocean-engineering environment sustainability batteries renewable-energy research energy-storage

Investigating the rise of oxygenic photosynthesis

EAPS scientists find an alternative explanation for mineral evidence thought to signal the presence of oxygen prior to the Great Oxidation Event.

Kate Petersen | EAPS | Dec. 4, 2019 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science microbes environment climate bacteria evolution biology geology research genetics

Coated seeds may enable agriculture on marginal lands

A specialized silk covering could protect seeds from salinity while also providing fertilizer-generating microbes.

David L. Chandler | MIT News Office | Nov. 25, 2019 | mit
~6 mins   

Tags: plants research civil-and-environmental-engineering agriculture sustainability developing-countries food microbes bacteria school-of-engineering

Continuing a legacy of Antarctic exploration

The Summons Lab compares lipids from Antarctic microbial communities to century-old samples.

Fatima Husain | EAPS | Nov. 22, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: eaps school-of-science biology climate climate-change evolution research animals earth-and-atmospheric-sciences geology ecology environment microbes bacteria genetics

Microbial cooperation at the micron scale impacts biodegradation

MIT researchers demonstrate how often-ignored microbial interactions have a significant impact on the biodegradation of complex materials.

Maria Iacobo | Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering | Nov. 15, 2019 | mit
~3 mins   

Tags: civil-and-environmental-engineering school-of-engineering ecology climate-change research microbes carbon biology

New tools could improve the way cement seals oil wells

Techniques for observing concrete as it sets could facilitate the development of new cements.

David L. Chandler | MIT News Office | Nov. 12, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: civil-and-environmental-engineering environment materials-science-and-engineering research school-of-engineering sustainability oil-and-gas emissions

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