Concept for a hybrid-electric plane may reduce aviation’s air pollution problem

Proposed design could reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by 95 percent, a new study finds.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office • mit
Jan. 14, 2021 ~7 min

sustainability environment aircraft pollution greenhouse-gases emissions research automobiles school-of-engineering aeronautical-and-astronautical-engineering

Scientists discover slimy microbes that may help keep coral reefs healthy

The bacteria scrub out nitrogen, potentially defending against certain nutrient overloads.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office • mit
Jan. 8, 2021 ~7 min

chemistry environment bacteria biology microbes research school-of-science oceanography-and-ocean-engineering eaps ocean-science

Aerosols from pollution, desert storms, and forest fires may intensify thunderstorms

Researchers identify a mechanism by which small particles in the atmosphere can generate more frequent thunderstorms.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office • mit
Dec. 31, 2020 ~7 min

physics environment climate pollution emissions research weather school-of-science national-science-foundation-nsf eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences

SMART researchers engineer a plant-based sensor to monitor arsenic levels in soil

Nanoscale devices integrated into the leaves of living plants can detect the toxic heavy metal in real time.

Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology • mit
Dec. 13, 2020 ~9 min

environment agriculture food plants research sensors school-of-engineering nanoscience-and-nanotechnology chemical-engineering singapore-mit-alliance-for-research-and-technology-smart

Powering through the coming energy transition

Carbon capture and storage are key to achieving climate goals.

Mark Dwortzan | MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change • mit
Nov. 18, 2020 ~6 min

climate-change energy environment pollution policy carbon-dioxide greenhouse-gases emissions research mit-energy-initiative joint-program-on-the-science-and-policy-of-global-change

Technique reveals deeper insights into the makeup of nacre, a natural material

Discovery could lead to new designs for improved and more sustainable materials inspired by nature.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering • mit
Oct. 30, 2020 ~5 min

environment nature research school-of-engineering civil-and-environmental-engineering materials-science-and-engineering bioinspiration

Saudi Arabia faces increased heat, humidity, precipitation extremes by mid-century

High-resolution climate projections could enable a robust adaptation and resilience response.

Mark Dwortzan | Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change • mit
Oct. 29, 2020 ~4 min

climate-change environment global-warming research modeling school-of-science global eaps joint-program-on-the-science-and-policy-of-global-change middle-east

A controllable membrane to pull carbon dioxide out of exhaust streams

Electrically switchable system could continuously separate gases without the need for moving parts or wasted space.

David L. Chandler | MIT News Office • mit
Oct. 16, 2020 ~5 min

sustainability climate-change energy environment carbon greenhouse-gases emissions research school-of-engineering mit-energy-initiative-mitei chemical-engineering

MIT researchers highlight the impacts of logjams in river restoration projects

New analysis can help scientists and engineers better assess flood risk and habitat creation associated with restoration efforts.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering • mit
Sept. 25, 2020 ~3 min

climate-change environment research school-of-engineering civil-and-environmental-engineering