Using recent gene flow to define microbe populations

New method identifies ecologically and medically relevant bacteria groups.

Becky Ham | MIT News correspondent | Aug. 8, 2019 | mit
~8 mins   

Tags: research civil-and-environmental-engineering school-of-science school-of-engineering microbes bacteria evolution national-science-foundation-nsf

Uncovering the riches of traditional global medicine

Researchers solve how the kava plant produces its pain-relieving and anti-anxiety molecules, demonstrate an extensible method to scale and optimize production.

Greta Friar | Whitehead Institute | July 23, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: whitehead-institute biology school-of-science evolution genetics mental-health national-science-foundation-nsf research health plants

Genetic study takes research on sex differences to new heights

Differences in male and female gene expression, including those contributing to height differences, found throughout the body in humans and other mammals.

Greta Friar | Whitehead Institute | July 18, 2019 | mit
~8 mins   

Tags: whitehead-institute school-of-science biology evolution genetics national-institutes-of-health-nih research animals

How a declining environment affects populations

Study finds that competition between bacterial species can be upended when conditions deteriorate.

Anne Trafton | MIT News Office | May 13, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: research physics microbes bacteria ecology evolution school-of-science

Earliest life may have arisen in ponds, not oceans

Study finds shallow bodies of water were probably more suitable for Earth’s first life forms.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | April 12, 2019 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: biology chemistry evolution eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences environment planetary-science research school-of-science rna

Keeping genetic engineering localized

Researchers are developing a so-called "daisy-chain" gene-drive system that provides controls for genetic engineering of certain populations.

Helen Knight | MIT Media Lab | April 2, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: research genetics evolution disease genetic-engineering ethics media-lab school-of-architecture-and-planning broad-institute crispr

New technique pinpoints milestones in the evolution of bacteria

Results show bacterial genomes provide “shadow history” of animal evolution.

Jennifer Chu | MIT News Office | Feb. 7, 2019 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: bacteria biology evolution eaps earth-and-atmospheric-sciences environment genetics microbes research school-of-science national-science-foundation-nsf

Cracking a tough case

Whitehead Institute and MIT researchers uncover the detailed molecular structure of the sporopollenin polymer, an inert material key for the emergence of land plants.

Greta Friar | Whitehead Institute | Dec. 17, 2018 | mit
~7 mins   

Tags: school-of-science chemistry biology department-of-energy-doe evolution research whitehead-institute biochemistry plants

Surviving one of Earth’s most extreme environments

New research finds a unique component of cell membranes in an archaea species conveys protection against acidic surroundings.

Fatima Husain | EAPS | Dec. 14, 2018 | mit
~5 mins   

Tags: school-of-science bacteria biology earth-and-atmospheric-sciences evolution genetics geology microbes research eaps climate climate-change

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