Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum

The Hypogeum of Ħal Saflieni is a Neolithic subterranean structure dating to the Saflieni phase (3300 – 3000 BC) in Maltese prehistory, located in Paola, Malta. It is often simply referred to as the Hypogeum (Maltese: Ipoġew), literally meaning "underground" in Greek. The Hypogeum is thought to have been a sanctuary and necropolis, with the remains of more than 7,000 people documented by archeologists,[1] and is among the best preserved examples of the Maltese temple building culture that also produced the Megalithic Temples and Xagħra Stone Circle.

Hypogeum of Ħal Saflieni
The Hypogeum, photograph by Richard Ellis, before 1910
Shown within Malta
Alternative nameĦal Saflieni Prehistoric Hypogeum (official name)
LocationPaola, Malta
Coordinates35°52′10.5″N 14°30′24.5″E
Area500m2
History
MaterialLimestone
Foundedc.4000 BC (earliest remains)
Abandonedc.2500 BC
PeriodsSaflieni phase
Site notes
Excavation dates19031908, 19901993
ArchaeologistsManuel Magri
Themistocles Zammit
ConditionPreserved and restored in 2017
OwnershipGovernment of Malta
ManagementHeritage Malta
Public accessYes (limited)
WebsiteHeritage Malta
Official nameĦal Saflieni Hypogeum
TypeCultural
Criteriaiii
Designated1980 (4th session)
Reference no.130
RegionEurope and North America

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