100 metres hurdles
The 100 metres hurdles, or 100-meter hurdles, is a track and field event run mainly by women (the male counterpart is the 110 metres hurdles). For the race, ten hurdles of a height of 83.8 centimetres (33.0 in) are placed along a straight course of 100 metres (109.36 yd). The first hurdle is placed after a run-up of 13 metres from the starting line. The next 9 hurdles are set at a distance of 8.5 metres from each other, and the home stretch from the last hurdle to the finish line is 10.5 metres long. The hurdles are set up so that they will fall over if bumped into by the runner, but weighted so this is disadvantageous. Fallen hurdles do not count against runners provided that they do not run into them on purpose. Like the 100 metres sprint, the 100 m hurdles begins with athletes in starting blocks.
100 metres hurdles
|Women||Kendra Harrison 12.20 (2016)|
|Women||Sally Pearson 12.35 (2012)|
|World Championship records|
|Women||Sally Pearson 12.28 (2011)|
The race started back in the 1830s in England where wooden barriers were placed along a 100 yard. The hurdles event was included as part of the inaugural Women’s World Games in 1922 and made its first appearance in the Olympic Games in 1932 as 80m hurdles instead of 100m. Starting with the 1972 Summer Olympics the women's race was lengthened to 100 m hurdles.
The hurdles sprint race has been run by women since the beginning of women's athletics, just after the end of World War I. The distances and hurdle heights varied widely in the beginning. While the men had zeroed in on the 110 m hurdles, the International Women's Sport Federation had registered records for eight different disciplines by 1926 (60 yards/75 cm height, 60 yards/61 cm, 65 yards/75 cm, 83 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/75 cm, 100 yards/61 cm, 120 yards/75 cm, 110 metres/75 cm). At the first Women's World Games in 1922 a 100 m hurdles race was run.
From 1926 until 1968 on only the 80 m distance was run. For the 80 m race women had to clear eight hurdles placed at a distance of 8 metres from each other and a height of 76.2 cm.
Just like with the men's races, until 1935 no more than three hurdles could be knocked over (or the runner was disqualified) and records were only officially registered if the runner had cleared all her hurdles clean. In 1935, this rule was abandoned, and L-shaped hurdles were introduced that fell over forward easily and greatly reduced the risk of injury to the runner. Hurdles are weighted, so when properly set for the height (for women, closer to the fulcrum of the "L"), they serve as a consistent disadvantage to making contact with the barrier.
|Height||Distance made up of|
|80 m||8||76.2 cm||12 m||8.0 m||12.0 m|
|100 m||10||83.8 cm||13 m||8.5 m||10.5 m|
The 80 m hurdles was on the list of women's sports demanded by the International Women's Sport Federation for the Olympic Summer Games in 1928, but wasn't included as an Olympic discipline until 1932. Starting with 1949, the 80 m hurdles was one of the disciplines included in the women's pentathlon.
During the 1960s, some experimental races were run over a distance of 100 metres using hurdles with a height of 76.2 cm. During the 1968 Summer Olympics, a decision was made to introduce the 100 m hurdles using hurdles with a height of 84 cm. The first international event in the 100 m hurdles occurred at the European Athletics Championships, which were won by Karin Balzer, GDR. The modern 100 m race has an extra 2 hurdles compared to the 80 m race, which are higher and spaced slightly further apart. The home stretch is shorter by 1.5 m.
A version of the 100 metres hurdles is also used for 50- to 59-year-old men in Masters athletics. They run the same spacing as women, which coordinates with existing markings on most tracks, but run over 36-inch (0.915 m) hurdles. In the 60-69 age range, the spacings are changed. Women over age 40 and men over age 70 run 80 metre versions with different heights and spacings.
100 m hurdles:
- First official time registered with hurdles of reduced height (76.2 cm): Pamela Kilborn, AUS, November 26, 1961
- First official time with hurdles of standard height (83.8 cm): 15.1 seconds, Connie Pettersson, USA, May 28, 1966
- First official world record: 13.3 seconds, Karin Balzer, GDR, June 20, 1969
- First runner under 13 seconds: 12.9 seconds, Karin Balzer, GDR, September 5, 1969
- First runner under 12.5 seconds:
- First runner under 12.3 seconds: 12.29 seconds, Yordanka Donkova BUL, August 17, 1986
- First country to win gold, silver, and bronze in the women's 100 m hurdles in one Olympics: America (Brianna Rollins, Nia Ali and Kristi Castlin), 2016; this was also the first time American women achieved such a sweep in any Olympic event
All-time top 25
Below is a list of all other legal times equal or superior to 12.39:
- Yordanka Donkova also ran 12.24 (1988), 12.26 (1986), 12.27 (1988), 12.29 (1986) and 12.33 (1987).
- Kendra Harrison also ran 12.24 (2016), 12.28 (2017) and 12.36 (2018).
- Ludmila Narozhilenko also ran 12.28 (1991), 12.28 (1992) and 12.32 (1992).
- Ginka Zagorcheva also ran 12.34 (1987).
- Brianna Rollins also ran 12.34 (2016) and 12.38 (2018).
- Sally Pearson also ran 12.35 (2012) and 12.36 (2011).
Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second does not count for record purposes. Below is a list of all wind-assisted times equal or superior to 12.37:
- Cornelia Oschkenat (GDR) ran 12.28 sec (+2.7) in Berlin, August 25, 1987.
- Yordanka Donkova (BUL) ran 12.29 sec (+3.5) in Lausanne, June 24, 1988.
- Gail Devers (USA) ran 12.29 sec (+2.7) in Eugene, May 26, 2002.
- Lolo Jones (USA) ran 12.29 sec (+3.8) in Eugene, July 6, 2008.
- Brianna Rollins ran 12.30 (+2.8) on June 22, and 12.33 (+2.3) on June 21, in Des Moines in 2013.
- Bettine Jahn (GDR) ran 12.35 sec (+2.4) in Helsinki (World Championship final), August 13, 1983
- Kellie Wells (USA) ran 12.35 sec (+3.7) in Gainesville, April 16, 2011.
- Dawn Harper (USA) ran 12.36 sec (+2.2) in Eugene, Oregon, June 28, 2009.
- Gloria Siebert (GDR) ran 12.37 sec (+2.7) in Berlin, August 25, 1987.
- Danielle Carruthers (USA) ran 12.37 sec (+3.4) in Eugene, Oregon, June 26, 2011.
Most successful athletes
- Shirley Strickland (AUS): two Olympic victories, 1952 and 1956 in the 80 m hurdles.
- Ludmila Narozhilenko-Engquist (URS) later (SWE): Olympic victory, 1996, two World Championship victories, 1991 and 1997.
- Gail Devers (USA): three World Championships, 1993, 1995, 1999, as well as runner-up at the 1991 and 2001 World Championships.
- Sally Pearson (AUS): Olympic victory in 2012, as well as runner-up in 2008. World Championship victories in 2011 and 2017, as well as runner-up in 2013.
- Brianna Rollins (USA): Olympic victory in 2016, World Championships 2013.
World Championships medalists
Notes and references
- "100 Metres Hurdles". www.worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
- "Hurdles 101".
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-22. Retrieved 2013-05-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Rio Olympics 2016: US women sweep medals in 100m hurdles - BBC News". Bbc.com. 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- "All-time women's best 100m hurdles". alltime-athletics.com. 7 July 2017. Retrieved 9 July 2017.
- "100m Hurdles Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 22 July 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
- Kirby Lee (23 June 2013). "National records for Rollins, Carter and Bingson at US Championships". IAAF. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "100 Metres Hurdles Results" (PDF). IAAF. 3 September 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 February 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
- Bob Ramsak (20 July 2019). "Williams blazes 12.32, Warholm improves to 47.12 in London - IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
- "Tom Jones Memorial Invitational Womens 100 Hurdles Olympic Development". Half-Mile Timing. 17 April 2021. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
- "100m Hurdles Heat 3 Results". 26 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "100m Hurdles Final Results" (PDF). IAAF. 6 October 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
- "100m Hurdles Results". IAAF. 15 May 2015. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
- "100m Hurdles Results" (PDF). cloudfront.net. 8 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Alfonz Juck (31 May 2018). "Alina Talay hurdles 12.41 for 100m hurdles, Fastest European time since 1992!". runblogrun.com. Retrieved 5 June 2018.
- "GAIL DEVERS". Team USA.
- "Sally Pearson". Australian Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2020-08-13.
- "Pearson, world champion and 2012 Olympic 100m hurdles gold medallist, retires| News". www.worldathletics.org. Retrieved 2020-08-13.