14 July Revolution

The 14 July Revolution, also known as the 1958 Iraqi coup d'état, took place on 14 July 1958 in Iraq, and resulted in the overthrow of the Hashemite monarchy in Iraq that had been established by King Faisal I in 1921 under the auspices of the British. King Faisal II, Prince 'Abd al-Ilah, and Prime Minister Nuri al-Said were executed by the military.

14 July Revolution
Part of the Arab Cold War[citation needed]

Abdul Salam Arif and Abd al-Karim Qasim, the leaders of the revolution
Date14 July 1958
Location
Result

Victory for the Free Officers

Belligerents

Arab Federation

Supported by:
 Kingdom of Jordan

Free Officers

  • 19th Brigade
  • 20th Brigade
Supported by:
 Soviet Union
Commanders and leaders
King Faisal II 
'Abd al-Ilah 
Nuri al-Said 
Abd al-Karim Qasim
Abdul Salam Arif
Muhammad Najib ar-Ruba'i
Surat al-Haj Sri
Nazem Tabakli
Strength
15,000 troops
Casualties and losses

3 US citizens killed[1]
Number of Jordanian officials killed

Total: ~100 killed[citation needed]

As a result of the overthrow of the Iraqi Hashemite dynasty, the coup d'état established the Iraqi Republic. The coup ended the Hashemite Arab Federation between Iraq and Jordan that had been established just 6 months earlier. Abd al-Karim Qasim seized power as Prime Minister until 1963, when he was overthrown and killed in the Ramadan Revolution.