1856 (MDCCCLVI) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1856th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 856th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1850s decade. As of the start of 1856, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1856 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1856
Ab urbe condita2609
Armenian calendar1305
Assyrian calendar6606
Baháʼí calendar12–13
Balinese saka calendar1777–1778
Bengali calendar1263
Berber calendar2806
British Regnal year19 Vict. 1  20 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2400
Burmese calendar1218
Byzantine calendar7364–7365
Chinese calendar乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4552 or 4492
丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4553 or 4493
Coptic calendar1572–1573
Discordian calendar3022
Ethiopian calendar1848–1849
Hebrew calendar5616–5617
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1912–1913
 - Shaka Samvat1777–1778
 - Kali Yuga4956–4957
Holocene calendar11856
Igbo calendar856–857
Iranian calendar1234–1235
Islamic calendar1272–1273
Japanese calendarAnsei 3
Javanese calendar1784–1785
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4189
Minguo calendar56 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar388
Thai solar calendar2398–2399
Tibetan calendar阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1982 or 1601 or 829
(male Fire-Dragon)
1983 or 1602 or 830
March 30: Treaty of Paris (1856)

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