1865 United Kingdom general election

The 1865 United Kingdom general election saw the Liberals, led by Lord Palmerston, increase their large majority over the Earl of Derby's Conservatives to 80. The Whig Party changed its name to the Liberal Party between the previous election and this one.

1865 United Kingdom general election

 1859 11–24 July 1865 (1865-07-11 1865-07-24) 1868 

All 658 seats in the House of Commons
330 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Viscount Palmerston Earl of Derby
Party Liberal Conservative
Leader since 12 June 1859 July 1846
Leader's seat Tiverton House of Lords
Last election 356 seats, 65.8% 298 seats, 34.2%
Seats won 369 289
Seat change 13 9
Popular vote 508,821 346,035
Percentage 59.5% 40.5%
Swing 6.3% 6.3%

Colours denote the winning party—as shown in § Results

Prime Minister before election

Viscount Palmerston
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

Viscount Palmerston
Liberal

Palmerston died in October the same year and was succeeded by Lord John Russell as Prime Minister.[1] Despite the Liberal majority, the party was divided by the issue of further parliamentary reform, and Russell resigned after being defeated in a vote in the House of Commons in 1866, leading to minority Conservative governments under Derby and then Benjamin Disraeli.

This was the last United Kingdom general election until 2019 where a party increased its majority after having been returned to office at the previous election with a reduced majority.