1892 Romanian general election

General elections were held in the Kingdom of Romania in February–March 1892, ending in a major victory for the incumbent Conservative Party cabinet. The elections reunited the mainstream Conservatives, under Prime Minister Lascăr Catargiu, with the breakaway Junimea faction. The cabinet which organized and won the election, then governed to 1895, reunited three doyens of Romanian conservatism: Catargiu, Petre P. Carp, and Take Ionescu. All three represented the political line most favored by Carol I, King of Romania.


 1891 February–March 1892 1895 

All 112 eligible seats in the Senate
All 183 seats in the Assembly of Deputies
Turnout68.1% (Senate); 68.6% (Assembly)[1]
  Majority party Minority party
 
Leader Lascăr Catargiu Dimitrie Brătianu
Party Consolidated Conservative PNL
Leader since 1880 1891
Seats won 205
(148 in the Assembly)
≈50
(32–35 in the Assembly)
Seat change

The elections for both Assembly and Senate were unusually free in their historical context, but still noted for their various irregularities. The Opposition, led by the National Liberal Party (PNL), was poorly prepared for the race, having failed to reunite around a common platform.

The years 1891–1893 witnessed the defeat and passing of a liberal founders' generation, under brothers Ion and Dimitrie Brătianu, and the ascendancy of a new party elite, under Dimitrie Sturdza. This interval was used by Carp for the advancement of various fiscal and administrative reforms, some of which were violently resisted by the middle- and lower-class population. The period also rekindled debates about the census suffrage, contributing to the emergence of a small Social Democratic Workers' Party in 1893.