1895 United Kingdom general election


The 1895 United Kingdom general election was held from 13 July to 7 August 1895. It was won by the Conservatives led by Lord Salisbury who formed an alliance with the Liberal Unionist Party and had a large majority over the Liberals, led by Lord Rosebery. The Irish Parliamentary Party was split at this time, the majority of its MPs (the "Anti-Parnellites") following John Dillon, while a rump (the "Parnellites") followed John Redmond.

1895 United Kingdom general election

 1892 13 July – 7 August 1895 (1895-07-13 1895-08-07) 1900 

All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Marquess of Salisbury Earl of Rosebery John Dillon
Party Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal Irish National Federation
Leader since April 1881 5 March 1894 1892
Leader's seat East Mayo
Last election 313 seats, 47.0% 272 seats, 45.4% 72 seats, 5.2%
Seats won 411 177 70
Seat change 97 94 2
Popular vote 1,759,484 1,628,405 92,556
Percentage 49.3% 45.6% 2.6%
Swing 2.3% 0.2% 2.6%

Colours denote the winning party

Prime Minister before election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Prime Minister after
election

Marquess of Salisbury
Conservative

Results


411 177 70 12
Conservative & Lib. Unionist Liberal INF INL
UK General Election 1895
Candidates Votes
Party Leader Stood Elected Gained Unseated Net % of total % No. Net %
  Conservative & Lib. Unionist Lord Salisbury 588 411 114 17 +97 61.34 49.25 1,759,484 +2.2
  Liberal Lord Rosebery 447 177 18 112 94 26.42 45.58 1,628,405 +0.2
  Irish National Federation John Dillon 77 70 2 10.45 2.59 92,556 2.6
  Irish National League John Redmond 26 12 +3 1.79 1.34 47,698 0.2
  Ind. Labour Party Keir Hardie 28 0 0 0 0.96 34,433 N/A
  Independent Liberal N/A 3 0 1 0 0.10 3,733
  Social Democratic Federation H. M. Hyndman 4 0 0 0 0.09 3,122 +0.1
  Independent Lib-Lab N/A 2 0 0 0 0.07 2,348
  Independent Labour N/A 1 0 3 0 0.02 608
  Independent N/A 2 0 0 0 0 0 0.00 52

Voting summary

Popular vote
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
49.25%
Liberal
45.58%
Irish National Federation
2.59%
Irish National League
1.34%
Independent Labour Party
0.96%
Others
0.28%

Seats summary

Parliamentary seats
Conservative and Liberal Unionist
61.34%
Liberal
26.42%
Irish National Federation
10.45%
Irish National League
1.79%

See also


Notes


  1. All parties shown.

References


  • Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
  • Craig, F. W. S. (1974), British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, Macmillan
  • Readman, Paul A. (1999), "The 1895 general election and political change in late Victorian Britain", Historical Journal, 42 (2): 467–493, doi:10.1017/S0018246X98008322, JSTOR 3020996
  • Roberts, Andrew (1999), Salisbury: Victorian Titan, pp. 596–604[publisher missing]