1922 United Kingdom general election in Scotland


The 1922 United Kingdom general election in Scotland was held on 15 November 1922. Of the 74 seats representing Scotland, 71 seats represented burgh and county constituencies contested under the First past the post electoral system, and 3 represented the Combined Scottish Universities multi-member University constituency.

1922 United Kingdom general election

 1918 15 November 1922 1923 

All 74 Scottish seats to the House of Commons
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader J. R. Clynes H. H. Asquith Bonar Law
Party Labour Liberal Unionist
Leader since 14 February 1921 30 April 1908 23 October 1922
Leader's seat Manchester Platting Paisley Glasgow Central
Seats before 6 8 New party
Seats won 29 16 15
Seat change 23 7 17
Popular vote 501,254 328,649 379,396
Percentage 32.2% 21.5% 25.1%
Swing 9.3% 6.1% 7.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader David Lloyd George Albert Inkpin Edwin Scrymgeour
Party National Liberal Communist Scottish Prohibition
Leader since 7 December 1916 1920 1901
Leader's seat Carnarvon Boroughs No seat Dundee
Seats before 25 0 0 seats
Seats won 12 1 1
Seat change 13 1 1
Popular vote 288,529 23,944
Percentage 17.7% 1.4%
Swing 1.4% 1.4%

Results of the 1922 election in Scotland

The election saw major gains for the Labour party, which had entered the election as Scotlands' 6th largest party, and emerged from the election as the largest party in Scotland. In contrast both the Conservatives (represented in Scotland by the Unionist party) and the National Liberals suffered heavy losses. These two parties had composed the ruling coalition government under David Lloyd George, which had collapsed following the Conservatives withdrawal from the coalition amidst several scandals. Most of the elected Labour MP's had included support for Scottish Home Rule in their manifestos.[1] Part of the reason for Labour's success came from a shift in the political alignment of Scottish Catholics of Irish descent, who had prior to Irish independence voted Liberal due to the partys' support for Irish Home Rule.[2][full citation needed] Despite this, the two Liberal parties received between them 39.2% of the Scottish vote.

Of the party leaders, two represented Scottish constituencies, with Bonar Law representing Glasgow Central and Asquith representing Paisley.

Two minor parties were also able to pick up seats with the Communist party gaining Motherwell and the Scottish Prohibition Party gaining a seat in Dundee.

Results


Burgh & County constituencies

Party Seats Seats change Votes % % Change
Labour 29 23 501,254 32.2 9.3
Liberal 15 7 328,649 21.5 6.1
Unionist 13 17* 379,396 25.1 7.7*
National Liberal 12 13 288,529 17.7 1.4
Communist 1 23,944 1.4
Other 1 47,589 2.1
Total 71 1,569,361 100
Note: *Unionist decline is compared to combined Coalition & non-Coalition Unionist results in 1918.

University constituencies

General election, November 1922: Combined Scottish Universities
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir George Andreas Berry unopposed
Liberal Dugald McCoig Cowan unopposed
Unionist Sir Henry Craik unopposed

Votes summary

Popular vote
Labour
32.20%
Unionist
25.10%
Liberal
21.50%
National Liberal
17.70%
Communist
1.40%
Other
0.80%
Parliament seats
Labour
40.85%
Liberal
22.54%
Unionist
21.13%
National Liberal
16.90%
Communist
1.41%
Scottish Prohibition
1.41%

References