1935 Hungarian parliamentary election


Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary between 31 March and 7 April 1935.[1] The result was a victory for the Party of National Unity, which won 164 of the 245 seats in Parliament. Gyula Gömbös remained Prime Minister.[2]

1935 Hungarian parliamentary election

 1931 31 March – 7 April 1935 1939 

All 245 seats in the Diet
123 seats needed for a majority
Turnout65.7%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Gyula Gömbös Tibor Eckhardt János Zichy
Party NEP FKGP KGSZP
Last election 149 seats, 40% 10 seats, 11.5% 32 seats, 12.2%
Seats won 164 22 14
Seat change 15 12 18
Popular vote 879,474 387,351 175,165
Percentage 44.6% 19.6% 8.9%
Swing 4.6% 8.1% 3.3%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Károly Peyer Sándor Festetics
Party MSZDP MNSZP Independents
Last election 14 seats, 11% did not contest 16 seats, 7.2%
Seats won 11 2 10
Seat change 3 16
Popular vote 132,052 75,318 73,471
Percentage 6.7% 3.8% 3.7%
Swing 4.3% 3.5%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
 
Leader Károly Rassay Miklós Griger
Party Liberal and Democratic Opposition Unofficial Party of National Unity candidates NLNP
Last election did not contest did not contest did not contest
Seats won 7 6 1
Seat change
Popular vote 72,407 56,249 40,025
Percentage 3.7% 2.8% 2.8%
Swing

Prime Minister before election

Gyula Gömbös
NEP

Elected Prime Minister

Gyula Gömbös
NEP

Electoral system


The electoral system remained the same as in 1931. There were 199 openly elected single-member constituencies and 11 secretly elected multi-member constituencies electing a total of 46 seats.[3][4]

Results


Party SMCs MMCs Total
Votes[a] % Seats Votes[b] % Seats Votes % Seats +/–
Party of National Unity718,91149.3150160,56331.214879,47444.6164+15
Independent Smallholders Party379,69626.0217,6551.51387,35119.622+12
Christian Economic and Social Party91,8278.3783,33816.27175,1658.914–18
Hungarian Social Democratic Party132,05225.611132,0526.711–3
Hungarian National Socialist Party57,5443.9117,7743.5175,3183.82New
Liberal and Democratic Opposition (ESZDPNDP)72,40714.1772,4073.77+1
Unofficial Party of National Unity candidates53,0183.663,2310.6056,2492.86–2
National Legitimist Party36,5022.513,5230.7040,0252.81New
National Radical Party[c]9,3090.607,7221.5017,0310.90–1
Reform Generation9,2650.615,2131.0114,4780.72New
Hungarian Agricultural Labourers and Workers Party11,0040.8111,0040.61+1
Christian Opposition4,9280.304,2230.819,1510.51–1
Christian National Front8,5261.718,5260.41New
Party of National Will7,4310.517,4310.41New
National Independence Kossuth Party[c]5,6480.4015,6480.31+1
National Agrarian Opposition5,3201.015,3200.310
Free Civic Party2,5270.502,5270.10New
Unified National Party of Workers and Lower Middle Class9150.209150.10New
Hungarian Truth Party5460.005460.00New
Independents73,4715.01073,4713.710–6
Invalid/blank votes0
Total1,459,100100199100461002450
Registered voters/turnout1,820,26680.2654,9482,475,214[d]
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

a The number of votes refers to only 146 of the 199 single-member constituencies, as 53 seats were uncontested.[3]

b The number of votes refers to ten of the eleven MMCs.[3]

c The National Radical Party and the National Independence Kossuth Party ran a joint list in one multi-member constituency. It won a single seat, taken by the National Independence Kossuth Party.[3][5]

d The total number of registered voters was 3,005,742; the figure in the table refers to the number of registered voters in the contested seats for which figures are available.[3]

References


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p940
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, p920
  4. Nohlen & Stöver, p933
  5. Nohlen & Stöver, p930