1956–57 European Cup


The 1956–57 European Cup was the second season of the European Cup, Europe's premier club football tournament. The competition was won for the second time by Real Madrid, who beat Fiorentina 2–0 in the final at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid, on 30 May 1957.

1956–57 European Cup
Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid hosted the final.
Tournament details
Dates1 August 1956 – 30 May 1957
Teams22
Final positions
Champions Real Madrid (2nd title)
Runners-up Fiorentina
Tournament statistics
Matches played44
Goals scored170 (3.86 per match)
Attendance1,836,978 (41,750 per match)
Top scorer(s) Dennis Viollet (9 goals)

After the great success of the first tournament, six new nations entered representatives: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, England, Luxembourg, Romania and Turkey. The English Football Association ("FA") had not allowed Chelsea to enter in 1955, and continued its stance on the European Cup as it being a "distraction". However, against the wishes of the FA, Manchester United entered the competition as English champions, becoming the first English team to play in Europe. An additional place was awarded to Real Madrid as the competition's reigning champions, occupying the free berth left by Saar after its reunification with West Germany. Spain, meanwhile, became the first association to provide two representatives to the premier European competition.

All Nice, Honvéd, CWKS, Rapid JC, Porto, Rangers, Athletic Club, Nörkopping, Grasshoppers, Borussia Dortmund, Red Star Belgrade, CDNA Sofia, Slovan Bratislava, Manchester United, Spora Luxembourg, Dinamo București and Galatasaray enter the competition first time.

Preliminary round


The draw for the preliminary round took place in UEFA headquarters in Paris on 29 June 1956.[1] The 21 challengers of Real Madrid were grouped geographically into three pots. The first four teams drawn in each pot would play the preliminary round in September, while the remaining three clubs received byes.

Pot 1
Eastern Europe
Pot 2
North-Western Europe
Pot 3
South-Central Europe
Drawn Match 1

Slovan UNV Bratislava

Nice

Porto

CWKS Warsaw

AGF Aarhus

Athletic Bilbao

Match 2

Galatasaray

Anderlecht

Borussia Dortmund

Dinamo București

Manchester United

Spora Luxembourg

Byes

Budapest Honvéd

Rangers

Fiorentina

Rapid Wien

Norrköping

Grasshopper

CDNA Sofia

Rapid JC

Red Star Belgrade

The calendar was decided by the involved teams, with all matches to be played by 1 October.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd legPlay-off
Borussia Dortmund 5–5 Spora Luxembourg 4–3 1–27–0
Dinamo București 4–3 Galatasaray 3–1 1–2
Slovan UNV Bratislava 4–2 CWKS Warsaw 4–0 0–2
Anderlecht 0–12 Manchester United 0–2 0–10
AGF Aarhus 2–6 Nice 1–1 1–5
Porto 3–5 Athletic Bilbao 1–2 2–3

First leg

Borussia Dortmund 4–3 Spora Luxembourg
Bracht  31'
Niepieklo  54'
Preißler  61', 73'
Report Boreux  25', 34', 88'
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Johan Heinrich Martens (Netherlands)

Dinamo București 3–1 Galatasaray
Voica  10', 67'
Ene  84'
Report Oktay  77'
Attendance: 85,000
Referee: Francesco Liverani (Italy)


Slovan UNV Bratislava 4–0 CWKS Warsaw
Pažický  23', 68'
Kováč  30' (pen.)
Moravčík  40'
Report
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Friedrich Mayer (Austria)

AGF Aarhus 1–1 Nice
Erik Bechmann Jensen  16' Report Foix  61'

Porto 1–2 Athletic Bilbao
Matos  54' Report Gaínza  8'
Canito  75'
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Mario Maurelli (Italy)

Second leg

Spora Luxembourg 2–1 Borussia Dortmund
Fiedler  22'
Letsch  39'
Report Preißler  28'
Attendance: 7,000
Referee: Karl Lescart (Belgium)

Borussia Dortmund 5–5 Spora Luxembourg on aggregate; play-off needed.


CWKS Warsaw 2–0 Slovan UNV Bratislava
Kowal  52'
Brychczy  63'
Report
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Alfred Grill (Austria)

Slovan UNV Bratislava won 4–2 on aggregate.


Manchester United 10–0 Anderlecht
Taylor  8', 20', 52'
Viollet  25', 38', 44', 65'
Whelan  61', 82'
Berry  75'
Report
Attendance: 43,635

Manchester United won 12–0 on aggregate.


Athletic Bilbao 3–2 Porto
Artetxe  14', 73' (pen.), 82' Report Hernâni  4'
Matos  20'
Attendance: 34,705
Referee: Mario Maurelli (Italy)

Athletic Bilbao won 5–3 on aggregate.


Nice 5–1 AGF Aarhus
Foix  2'
Milazzo  27', 74'
Faivre  45', 60'
Report Jensen  77'
Attendance: 8,144

Nice won 6–2 on aggregate.


Galatasaray 2–1 Dinamo București
Aytaç  42'
Oktay  89'
Report Suru  31'
Attendance: 23,764
Referee: Gustav Jiranek (Austria)

Dinamo București won 4–3 on aggregate.

Play-off

Borussia Dortmund 7–0 Spora Luxembourg
Preißler  24', 36'
Simmer  29'
Kelbassa  40', 49', 63'
Peters  57'
Report
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Fritz Buchmüller (Switzerland)

First round


Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd legPlay-off
Manchester United 3–2 Borussia Dortmund 3–2 0–0
CDNA Sofia 10–4 Dinamo București 8–1 2–3
Rangers 3–3 Nice 2–1 1–21–3
Slovan UNV Bratislava 1–2 Grasshopper 1–0 0–2
Real Madrid 5–5 Rapid Wien 4–2 1–32–0
Rapid JC 3–6 Red Star Belgrade 3–4 0–2
Fiorentina 2–1 Norrköping 1–1 1–0
Athletic Bilbao 6–5 Budapest Honvéd 3–2 3–31

1 Second leg played at Heysel Stadium, Brussels

First leg

Manchester United 3–2 Borussia Dortmund
Viollet  10', 25'
Pegg  35'
Report Kapitulski  68'
Preißler  75'

CDNA Sofia 8–1 Dinamo București
Kolev  12', 56', 63'
Milanov  20', 65'
Panayotov  36', 66'
Dimitrov  80'
Report Băcuț  71' (pen.)
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Vasa Stefanović (Yugoslavia)

Rangers 2–1 Nice
Murray  40'
Simpson  81'
Report Faivre  23'
Attendance: 65,000

Slovan UNV Bratislava 1–0 Grasshopper
Moravčík  20' Report
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Fritz Seipelt (Austria)

Real Madrid 4–2 Rapid Wien
Di Stéfano  9', 21'
Marsal  60', 63'
Report Dienst  58'
Gießer  90'

Rapid JC 3–4 Red Star Belgrade
Janssen  8'
Bischops  78'
Tasić  81' (og.)
Report Kostić  4', 75'
Toplak  42'
Rudinski  82'
Attendance: 11,500
Referee: Albert Alsteen (Belgium)

Fiorentina 1–1 Norrköping
Bizzarri  15' Report Bild  8'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: Dean Harzic (France)

Athletic Bilbao 3–2 Budapest Honvéd
Artetxe  16'
Marcaida  27'
Arieta  82'
Report Budai II  75'
Kocsis  85'
Attendance: 39,184

Second leg

Red Star Belgrade 2–0 Rapid JC
Toplak  32'
Kostić  84'
Report
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Rudolf Roman (Austria)

Red Star Belgrade won 6–3 on aggregate


Nice 2–1 Rangers
Bravo  61'
Foix  64'
Report Hubbard  40' (pen.)
Attendance: 8,439
Referee: Riccardo Pieri (Italy)

Nice 3–3 Rangers on aggregate; play-off needed.


Rapid Wien 3–1 Real Madrid
Happel  18', 38' (pen.), 40' Report Di Stéfano  60'
Attendance: 60,000

Real Madrid 5–5 Rapid Wien on aggregate; play-off needed.


Borussia Dortmund 0–0 Manchester United
Report
Attendance: 44,570
Referee: Johan Heinrich Martens (Netherlands)

Manchester United won 3–2 on aggregate


Norrköping 0–1 Fiorentina
Report Virgili  16'
Attendance: 10,200
Referee: Michel Devillers (France)

Fiorentina won 2–1 on aggregate


Grasshopper 2–0 Slovan UNV Bratislava
Vukosavljević  75'
Duret  89'
Report
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Fritz Seipelt (Austria)

Grasshopper won 2–1 on aggregate


Budapest Honvéd 3–3 Athletic Bilbao
Budai II  6', 82'
Puskás  86'
Report Merodio  1', 72'
Arieta  67'
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Albert Alsteen (Belgium)

Athletic Bilbao won 6–5 on aggregate


Dinamo București 3–2 CDNA Sofia
Nicușor  58' (pen.)
Lăzar  67'
Neagu  84'
Report Stoyanov  23'
Yanev  62'
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Gustav Jiranek (Austria)

CDNA Sofia won 10–4 on aggregate

Play-off

Nice 3–1 Rangers
Foix  45'
Muro  50'
Faivre  75'
Report Bonvin  51' (o.g.)
Attendance: 11,908
Referee: Lucien Van Nuffel (Belgium)

Real Madrid 2–0 Rapid Wien
Joseíto  1'
Kopa  23'
Report

Quarter-finals


Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Athletic Bilbao 5–6 Manchester United 5–3 0–3
Fiorentina 5–3 Grasshopper 3–1 2–2
Real Madrid 6–2 Nice 3–0 3–2
Red Star Belgrade 4–3 CDNA Sofia 3–1 1–2

First leg

Athletic Bilbao 5–3 Manchester United
Uribe  2', 28'
Marcaida  43'
Merodio  73'
Artetxe  78'
Report Taylor  48'
Viollet  54'
Whelan  85'
Attendance: 36,737
Referee: Albert Dusch (West Germany)

Fiorentina 3–1 Grasshopper
Segato  3'
Taccola  10', 12'
Report Ballaman  31'
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Fritz Seipelt (Austria)

Real Madrid 3–0 Nice
Joseíto  18'
Mateos  49', 72'
Report
Attendance: 110,000
Referee: Gérard Versyp (Belgium)

Red Star Belgrade 3–1 CDNA Sofia
Kostić  6', 25'
Popović  53'
Report Yanev  88'
Attendance: 33,000
Referee: Riccardo Pieri (Italy)

Second leg

Manchester United 3–0 Athletic Bilbao
Viollet  42'
Taylor  70'
Berry  85'
Report
Attendance: 70,000
Referee: Albert Dusch (West Germany)

Manchester United won 6–5 on aggregate


CDNA Sofia 2–1 Red Star Belgrade
Bozhkov  22' (pen.)
Panayotov  39'
Report Tasić  29' (pen.)

Red Star Belgrade won 4–3 on aggregate


Grasshopper 2–2 Fiorentina
Ballaman  25'
Vukosavljević  85'
Report Julinho  7'
Montuori  52'
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Fritz Seipelt (Austria)

Fiorentina won 5–3 on aggregate


Nice 2–3 Real Madrid
Foix  15'
Ferry  82' (pen.)
Report Joseíto  45'
Di Stéfano  50', 79'
Attendance: 21,724

Real Madrid won 6–2 on aggregate

Semi-finals


Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Red Star Belgrade 0–1 Fiorentina 0–1 0–0
Real Madrid 5–3 Manchester United 3–1 2–2

First leg

Red Star Belgrade 0–1 Fiorentina
Report Prini  88'
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Albert Alsteen (Belgium)

Real Madrid 3–1 Manchester United
Rial  61'
Di Stéfano  63'
Mateos  83'
Report Taylor  82'

Second leg

Fiorentina 0–0 Red Star Belgrade
Report
Attendance: 70,000
Referee: Klaas Schipper (Netherlands)

Fiorentina won 1–0 on aggregate


Manchester United 2–2 Real Madrid
Taylor  62'
Charlton  85'
Report Kopa  25'
Rial  33'
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Marcel Lequesne (France)

Real Madrid won 5–3 on aggregate

Final


Real Madrid 2–0 Fiorentina
Di Stéfano  69' (pen.)
Gento  75'
Report

Top scorers


The top scorers from the 1956–57 European Cup (including preliminary round) were as follows:[3][4]

Rank Name Team Goals
1 Dennis Viollet Manchester United 9
2 Tommy Taylor Manchester United 8
3 Alfredo Di Stéfano Real Madrid 7
4 Alfred Preißler Borussia Dortmund 6
5 José Artetxe Athletic Bilbao 5
Jacques Foix Nice 5
Bora Kostić Red Star Belgrade 5
8 Jacky Faivre Nice 4
Ivan Petkov Kolev CDNA Sofia 4
10 Marc Boreux Spora Luxembourg 3
Ernst Happel Rapid Wien 3
Joseíto Real Madrid 3
Alfred Kelbassa Borussia Dortmund 3
Enrique Mateos Real Madrid 3
Armando Merodio Athletic Bilbao 3
Billy Whelan Manchester United 3

Notes


  1. It is assumed this match was played in Munich as a result of Swiss protests regarding the outcome of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 which also led to them boycotting the 1956 Olympic Games.[2]

References