1974 Greek legislative election


Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 17 November 1974.[1] They were the first after the end of the Greek military junta of 1967–1974 and took place during the metapolitefsi era. The winner was Konstantinos Karamanlis and his newly formed conservative party, ND (New Democracy, Νέα Δημοκρατία). Karamanlis had already formed a government of national unity just after the fall of the dictatorship. The second biggest party was the centrist Center Union - New Forces (Ένωσις Κέντρου-Νέες Δυνάμεις). Third power in the Parliament became the newly formed PASOK (Panhellenic Socialist Movement, Πανελλήνιο Σοσιαλιστικό Κίνημα), a radical socialist party led by Andreas Papandreou, son of the former prime minister Georgios Papandreou.

1974 Greek legislative election

 1964 17 November 1974 1977 

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Konstantinos Karamanlis Georgios Mavros
Party ND EK-ND
Leader since 4 October 1974 1974
Last election New 171 seats, 52.72%
Seats won 220 60
Seat change New 111
Popular vote 2,669,133 1,002,559
Percentage 54.37% 20.42%
Swing New 32.3%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Andreas Papandreou Ilias Iliou
Party PASOK EA
Leader since 3 September 1974 3 September 1974
Last election New New
Seats won 12 8
Seat change New New
Popular vote 666,413 464,787
Percentage 13.58% 9.47%
Swing New New

Prime Minister before election

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ND

Subsequent Prime Minister

Konstantinos Karamanlis
ND

Results


Party Votes % Seats
New Democracy (ND)2,669,13354.4220
Centre Union – New Forces (EK-ND)1,002,55920.460
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK)666,41313.612
United Left (EA)464,7879.58
National Democratic Union (EDE)52,7681.10
Democratic Centre Union (DEK)8,5090.20
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece (EKKE)1,5990.00
Coalition Liberal Democratic Union-Socialist Party of Greece (FDE-SKE)9750.00
List of Independents and independents42,2910.90
Invalid/blank votes54,584
Total4,963,558100300
Registered voters/turnout6,241,06679.5
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ND
54.37%
EK-ND
20.42%
PASOK
13.58%
EA
9.47%
EDE
1.08%
Others
1.09%
Parliament seats
ND
73.33%
EK-ND
20.00%
PASOK
4.00%
EA
2.67%
  EA: 8 seats
  PASOK: 12 seats
  EK-ND: 60 seats
  ND: 220 seats

Aftermath


The priorities of the Karamanlis' government were:

  • The adoption of a new Constitution
  • The abolition of Monarchy after a free referendum
  • The submission of a new application for Greece's accession to the European Community.

The new government decided to hold a referendum on retaining the republic. It was held on 8 December 1974.

In 1975 Konstantinos Tsatsos, a close friend of Karamanlis, was elected President of the Republic by the Greek Parliament.

References


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7

Further reading