1977 Greek legislative election


Parliamentary elections were held in Greece on 20 November 1977.[1] After Prime Minister Constantine Karamanlis called for early elections, his New Democracy party suffered a significant loss of power. However, Karamanlis managed to secure an absolute majority in the Parliament. The big surprise was the success of PASOK, whose socialistic rhetoric remained radical. Because of PASOK's success, the Centrists (Union of the Democratic Centre, ΕDIK, former Center Union - New Forces) led again by Georgios Mavros lost half of their power. As a result, Andreas Papandreou, PASOK's leader, became a prominent figure in Greek politics. The Communists (Communist Party of Greece) and the Nationalists managed to amplify their support.

1977 Greek legislative election

 1974 20 November 1977 (1977-11-20) 1981 

All 300 seats to the Greek Parliament
151 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Constantine Karamanlis Andreas Papandreou
Party ND PASOK
Leader since 4 October 1974 3 September 1974
Last election 220 seats, 54.37% 12 seats, 13.58%
Seats won 171 93
Seat change 49 81
Popular vote 2,146,365 1,300,025
Percentage 41.84% 25.34%
Swing 12.53% 11.76%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Georgios Mavros Charilaos Florakis
Party EDIK KKE
Leader since 1974 1974
Last election 60 seats, 20.42% 8 seats, 9.47%
Seats won 16 11
Seat change 44 3
Popular vote 612,782 480,272
Percentage 11.95% 9.36%
Swing 8.47% 0.11%

Prime Minister before election

Constantine Karamanlis
ND

Subsequent Prime Minister

Constantine Karamanlis
ND

Future Prime Minister of Greece, Antonis Samaras first won a seat in parliament at this election.

Results


Party Votes % Seats +/–
New Democracy (ND)2,146,36541.8171−49
Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK)1,300,02525.393+81
Union of the Democratic Centre (EDIK)612,78611.916+16
Communist Party of Greece (KKE)480,2729.411
National Alignment (EP)349,9886.85New
Progress and Left Forces Alliance139,3562.72
Party of New Liberals55,4941.12New
Revolutionary Communist Movement of Greece (EKKE)11,8950.200
Popular Democratic Unity8,8390.20New
EDE-Trotskyists1,0320.00New
Hellenic Christian-Social Union7770.00New
Communist ORganisation "Fighter"3210.00New
Labour-Agricultural Party of Greece1700.00New
Farmer Smoke-Producers Party840.00New
Olympic Democracy190.00New
Independents22,3480.40New
Invalid/blank votes64,120
Total5,193,8911003000
Registered voters/turnout6,403,73881.1
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
ND
41.84%
PASOK
25.34%
EDIK
11.95%
KKE
9.36%
EP
6.82%
SPAD
2.72%
Others
1.97%
Parliament seats
ND
57.00%
PASOK
31.00%
EDIK
5.33%
KKE
3.67%
EP
1.67%
SPAD
0.67%
Others
0.67%

Aftermath


In 1979 Greece became European Community's 10th member, despite the opposition of PASOK and the Communists. In October 1980 Greece rejoined NATO military structure. In 1980, Constantine Karamanlis succeeded Constantine Tsatsos as President of the Republic. George Rallis became Prime Minister and new leader of ND.

References


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p830 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7