1984 Canadian federal election

The 1984 Canadian federal election (formally the 33rd Canadian general election) was held on September 4, 1984, to elect members to the House of Commons of Canada of the 33rd Parliament of Canada.

1984 Canadian federal election

 1980 September 4, 1984 1988 

282 seats in the House of Commons
142 seats needed for a majority
Turnout75.3%[1] (6.0pp)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Brian Mulroney John Turner Ed Broadbent
Party Progressive Conservative Liberal New Democratic
Leader since June 11, 1983 June 16, 1984 July 7, 1975
Leader's seat Manicouagan Vancouver Quadra Oshawa
Last election 103 seats, 32.45% 147 seats, 44.34% 32 seats, 19.77%
Seats before 100 135 31
Seats won 211 40 30
Seat change 111 95 1
Popular vote 6,278,818 3,516,486 2,359,915
Percentage 50.03% 28.02% 18.81%
Swing 17.59pp 16.32pp 0.97pp

Popular vote by province, with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an FPTP election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by province but instead via results by each riding.

The Canadian parliament after the 1984 election

Prime Minister before election

John Turner
Liberal

Prime Minister after election

Brian Mulroney
Progressive Conservative

Map of Canada, showing the results of the 1984 election by riding.

In one of the largest landslide victories in Canadian political history, the Progressive Conservative Party (PC), led by Brian Mulroney defeated the incumbent governing Liberal Party led by Prime Minister John Turner.

Mulroney's landslide majority government win came as a result of his building of a 'grand coalition' that comprised socially conservative populists from the West, fiscal conservatives from the East, and Quebec nationalists. Mulroney's PCs won the largest number of seats in Canadian history (at 211) and his party also won the second-largest percentage of seats in Canadian history (at 74.8%), only ranking behind Progressive Conservative Prime Minister John Diefenbaker's triumph in the 1958 federal election (at 78.5%). The Liberals suffered what at that time was the worst defeat for a governing party at the federal level. This election was also the last time that the winning party received over 50% of the national popular vote.

The election marked the end of the Liberals' long dominance of federal politics in Quebec, a province which had been the bedrock of Liberal support for almost a century; they did not win a majority of Quebec seats again until three decades later in 2015.