1984 European Parliament election in France


In 1984 the second direct elections to the European Parliament were held in France. Four parties were able to win seats: an alliance of the centre right Union for French Democracy and the Gaullist Rally for the Republic, the Socialist Party and the French Communist Party, and the Front National. 56.7% of the French population turned out on election day.

European Parliament election in France, 1984

 1979 17 June 1984 1989 

81 seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Simone Veil Lionel Jospin Georges Marchais
Party UDF
RPR
PS PCF
Alliance ELDR, EPP, EDA (UDF)
EPD (RPR)
SOC COM
Seats before 40 (UDF+RPR) 22 19
Seats won 41 20 10
Seat change 1 2 9
Popular vote 8,683,596 4,188,875 2,261,312
Percentage 43.03 20.76 11.21

  Fourth party
 
Leader Jean-Marie Le Pen
Party FN
Alliance ER
Seats won 10
Seat change 10
Popular vote 2,210,334
Percentage 10.95

The result was the first time the far-right Front National obtained important results – this time 10.8% and close to the declining French Communist Party. Jonah Birch argues in Jacobin that the FN's rise in popularity was caused by the Socialists abandoning their Keynesian platform the previous year and instead pursuing policies of austerity.[1]

Results


e  d Summary of the results of France's 1984 election to the European Parliament
← 197919841989 →
National party European party Main candidate Votes  % +/− Seats +/−
Union for French Democracy (UDF) + Rally for the Republic (RPR) Simone Veil 8,683,596 43.03 41
Socialist Party (PS) Lionel Jospin 4,188,875 20.76 20
Communist Party (PCF) Georges Marchais 2,261,312 11.21 10
National Front (FN) Jean-Marie Le Pen 2,210,334 10.95 10
The Greens (VERTS) Didier Anger 680,080 3.37 0
UCR + Ecologists + MRG François Doubin
Brice Lalonde
Olivier Stirn
670,474 3.32 0
Workers' Struggle (LO) Arlette Laguiller 417,702 2.07 0
Union for French Democracy dissidents (UDF diss.) Francine Gomez 382,404 1.89 0
Others 0
Valid votes 20,180,934 96.47
Blank and invalid votes 737,838 3.53
Totals 20,918,772 100 81 0
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 36,880,688 56.72
Source: France-politique.fr

References


  1. Birch, Jonah (19 August 2015). "The Many Lives of François Mitterrand". Jacobin. Retrieved 22 March 2017.