1984 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom


The 1984 European Parliament election was the second European election to be held in the United Kingdom. It was held on 14 June. The electoral system was First Past the Post in England, Scotland and Wales and Single Transferable Vote in Northern Ireland. The turnout was again the lowest in Europe. In England, Scotland and Wales, the Liberal Party and Social Democratic Party were in alliance, collecting 2,591,635 votes but not a single seat.

1984 European Parliament election in the United Kingdom

 1979 14 June 1984 1989 

81 seats to the European Parliament
Turnout32.6% (0.2%)
  First party Second party
 
Leader Margaret Thatcher Neil Kinnock
Party Conservative Labour
Alliance EPP PES
Leader since 11 February 1975 2 October 1983
Last election 60 seats, 48.4% 17 seats, 31.6%
Seats won 45 32
Seat change 15 15
Popular vote 5,426,866 4,865,224
Percentage 38.8% 34.8%
Swing 9.6% 3.1%

Colours denote the winning party, as shown in the main table of results.

Leader of largest larty before election

Margaret Thatcher
Conservative

Subsequent leader of largest larty

Margaret Thatcher
Conservative

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The election represented a small recovery for Labour, under Michael Foot's replacement Neil Kinnock, taking 15 seats from the Conservatives. In the general election of 1983, they had only had a vote share of 2% more than the SDP–Liberal Alliance (although they had nearly 10 times more MP's elected) and 15% less than the Conservatives.

Results

United Kingdom

Source: UK Parliament briefing

Party Votes won % of vote Loss/Gain Seats % of seats Loss/Gain
Conservative 5,426,866 38.8 9.6 45 55.6 15
Labour 4,865,224 34.8 3.1 32 39.5 15
Alliance 2,591,659 18.5 5.9 0
SNP 230,594 1.6 0.2 1 1.2
DUP 230,251 1.6 0.4 1 1.2
SDLP 151,399 1.1 1 1.2
UUP 147,169 1.1 0.1 1 1.2
Plaid Cymru 103,031 0.8 0.1 0
Sinn Féin 91,476 0.7 New 0
Ecology 73,025 0.5 0.4 0
Alliance 34,046 0.2 0
UPUP 20,092 0.1 New 0
Independent 11,073 0.1 0.1 0
Workers' Party 8,712 0.1 0
Independent Ecology 3,330 0.0 New 0
Ind. Conservative 3,249 0.0 0
Ind. Liberal 2,981 0.0 New 0
Wessex Regionalist 2,365 0.0 New 0
Cornish Nationalist 1,892 0.0 New 0
Federal Republican Party 1,494 0.0 New 0
  • Overall (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) turnout: 32.6% (EC average: 61%)
  • Overall votes cast: 13,998,190

Great Britain

Source: UK Parliament briefing

Party Votes won % of vote Loss/Gain Seats % of seats Loss/Gain
Conservative 5,426,866 40.8 9.8 45 57.7 15
Labour 4,865,224 36.5 3.5 32 41.0 15
Alliance 2,591,659 19.5 6.3 0
SNP 230,594 1.7 0.2 1 1.3
Plaid Cymru 103,031 0.8 0.1 0
Ecology 70,853 0.5 0.4 0
Independent 11,073 0.1 0.1 0
Independent Ecology 3,330 0.0 New 0
Ind. Conservative 3,249 0.0 0
Ind. Liberal 2,981 0.0 New 0
Wessex Regionalist 2,365 0.0 New 0
Cornish Nationalist 1,892 0.0 New 0
Federal Republican Party 1,494 0.0 New 0

Total votes cast - 13,312,898. All parties listed.

Northern Ireland

Source: Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive

1984 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[1]
PartyCandidateFPv%Count 1Count 2Count 3Count 4
DUP Ian Paisley 33.6 230,251      
UUP John Taylor 21.5 147,169 185,714    
SDLP John Hume 22.1 151,399 151,664 156,310 183,256
Sinn Féin Danny Morrison 13.3 91,476 91,525 92,644 93,079
Alliance David Cook 5.0 34,046 34,892 37,401  
UPUP James Kilfedder 2.9 20,092 38,293 38,854  
Workers' Party Seamus Lynch 1.3 8,712 8,813    
Ecology Colin McGuigan 0.3 2,172 2,236    
Electorate: 1,065,363   Valid: 685,317   Spoilt: 11,654   Quota: 171,330   Turnout: 696,994

    Constituency results

    Source:

    Constituency Constituency result by party Winning party 1984
    Conservative Labour Alliance PC SNP Ecology Others
    Bedfordshire South 72,088 57,106 36,444 Conservative
    Birmingham East 54,994 76,377 21,927 1,440 Labour
    Birmingham West 55,702 61,946 19,422 Labour
    Bristol 94,652 77,008 33,698 Conservative
    Cambridge and Bedfordshire North 86,117 38,901 36,341 Conservative
    Cheshire East 71,182 52,806 31,374 Conservative
    Cheshire West 74,579 64,887 30,470 Conservative
    Cleveland and Yorkshire North 73,217 52,887 31,374 Conservative
    Cornwall and Plymouth 81,627 35,952 63,876 10,518 Conservative
    Cotswolds Conservative
    Cumbria and Lancashire North Conservative
    Derbyshire Labour
    Devon Conservative
    Dorset East and Hampshire West Conservative
    Durham Labour
    Essex North East Conservative
    Essex South West Conservative
    Glasgow 25,282 91,015 20,867 16,456 Labour
    Greater Manchester Central Labour
    Greater Manchester East Labour
    Greater Manchester West Labour
    Hampshire Central Conservative
    Hereford and Worcester Conservative
    Hertfordshire Conservative
    Highlands and Islands 18,847 16,644 33,133 49,410 SNP
    Humberside Conservative
    Kent East Conservative
    Kent West Conservative
    Lancashire Central Conservative
    Lancashire East Labour
    Leeds Labour
    Leicester Conservative
    Lincolnshire Conservative
    London Central 64,545 77,842 30,269 7,514 Labour
    London East 61,711 73,870 26,379 Labour
    London North 74,846 69,993 31,344 4,682 Conservative
    London North East 27,242 79,907 17,344 4,797 Labour
    London North West 69,803 62,381 29,609 Conservative
    London South and Surrey East 82,122 37,465 34,522 Conservative
    London South East 81,508 61,493 38,614 989 Conservative
    London South Inner 46,180 77,661 25,391 3,281 Labour
    London South West 41,096 32,632 23,842 2,135 Conservative
    London West 74,325 79,554 36,687 4,361 Labour
    Lothians 49,065 74,989 36,636 22,331 2,560 Labour
    Merseyside East Labour
    Merseyside West Labour
    Mid and West Wales 52,910 89,362 35,168 32,880 4,266 Labour
    Mid Scotland and Fife 52,872 80,038 24,220 30,511 Labour
    Midlands East Conservative
    Midlands West Conservative
    Norfolk Conservative
    North East Scotland 53,809 44,648 25,490 33,448 Conservative
    North Wales 69,139 54,768 56,861 38,117 Conservative
    Northamptonshire Conservative
    Northumbria Labour
    Nottingham Conservative
    Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Conservative
    Sheffield Labour
    Shropshire and Stafford Conservative
    Somerset and Dorset West Conservative
    South of Scotland 60,843 57,706 23,598 22,242 Conservative
    South Wales 55,678 99,936 26,588 13,201 Labour
    South Wales East 36,359 131,916 28,330 18,833 Labour
    Staffordshire East Conservative
    Strathclyde East 24,857 90,792 11,883 27,330 Labour
    Strathclyde West 47,196 70,234 25,955 28,866 Labour
    Suffolk Conservative
    Surrey West Conservative
    Sussex East Conservative
    Sussex West Conservative
    Thames Valley Conservative
    Tyne and Wear Labour
    Wight and Hampshire East Conservative
    Wiltshire Conservative
    York Conservative
    Yorkshire South Labour
    Yorkshire South West Labour
    Yorkshire West Labour

    Party leaders in 1984

    References

    1. The 1984 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections

    See also