1987 United Kingdom general election in Scotland


These are the results of the 1987 United Kingdom general election in Scotland. The election was held on Thursday, 11 June 1987 and all 72 seats in Scotland were contested.[1]

1987 United Kingdom general election

 1983 11 June 1987 1992 

All 72 Scottish seats to the House of Commons
Turnout75.1%, 2.4%
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Neil Kinnock Margaret Thatcher
Party Labour Conservative Alliance
Leader since 2 October 1983 11 February 1975
Last election 41 seats, 35.1% 21 seats, 28.4% 8 seats, 24.5%
Seats won 50 10 9
Seat change 9 11 1
Popular vote 1,258,132 713,081 570,053
Percentage 42.4% 24.0% 19.2%
Swing 7.3% 4.4% 5.3%

  Fourth party
 
Leader Gordon Wilson
Party SNP
Leader since 15 September 1979
Last election 2
Seats won 3
Seat change 1
Popular vote 416,473
Percentage 14.1%
Swing 2.3%

Results of the 1987 election in Scotland

MPs


List of MPs for constituencies in Scotland (1987–1992)

Results


Party Seats Seats
change
Votes  %  %
change
Labour 50 9 1,258,132 42.4 7.3
Conservative 10 11 713,081 24.0 4.4
Alliance 9 1 570,053 19.2 5.3
SNP 3 1 416,473 14.1 2.3
Other 0 10,069 0.3
Turnout: 2,967,808 75.1 2.4

Votes summary

Popular vote
Labour
42.4%
Conservative
24.0%
Alliance
19.2%
SNP
14.1%
Other
1.91%
Parliament seats
Labour
69.4%
Conservative
13.8%
Alliance
12.5%
SNP
2.7%

Outcome


While the Conservatives under Margaret Thatcher comfortably won a majority across the United Kingdom, the result saw the Conservatives suffer significant losses as their vote share declined significantly in what The Glasgow Herald called "the humiliation of the Tories north of the border." Labour, who as well as gaining seats from the Conservatives also took two from the SNP and one from the SDP, now had more MPs form Scotland than at any other point in the party's history, including holding every seat in Glasgow, while the Conservatives were reduced to their lowest number since the Second World War.[2] Several prominent Scottish Conservative MPs, including Peter Fraser, Sir Alex Fletcher and Michael Ancram lost their seats, while George Younger, then Secretary of State for Defence, only very narrowly held his Ayr constituency after a recount.[2][3] The SNP's leader Gordon Wilson and the former leader of the SDP Roy Jenkins, also lost their seats to Labour challengers.[3] Labour also took the Western Isles constituency from the SNP following the retirement of former SNP leader Donald Stewart, with the seat seeing a SNP to Labour swing of 19.6%. The SNP partially compensated for their losses by gaining three seats from the Conservatives, while the Conservatives also lost two seats to the Liberals.[4][5]

In reaction to the poor Conservative performance compared with England, Scottish Secretary, Malcolm Rifkind, said "Of course I am disappointed. We have done well in the south, but not se well in Scotland." He noted that the recession had "bitten deeper" in Scotland than in England and that recovery had been slower. [2] The defeated Sir Alex Fletcher stated that "There is no Tory press in Scotland. The papers up here are rather hostile to the Tory Party".[3]

An editorial in The Glasgow Herald the day after the election argued that the results meant that "the case in favour of devolution is automatically strengthened", while also observing that the "patchy showing" by the SNP showed "that there is no general inclination for separatism".[6]

References


  1. "Commons results report" (PDF).
  2. Parkhouse, Geoffrey (12 June 1987). "Scotland swims against the Tory tide". The Glasgow Herald. p. 1. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  3. Clark, William (12 June 1987). "Labour gains raise the Doomsday issue". The Glasgow Herald. p. 1. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  4. The Times Guide to the House of Commons June 1987. London: Times Books Ltd. 1987. p. 238. ISBN 0-7230-0298-3.
  5. David Butler; Robert Waller (1987). "Survey of the voting. Election of haves and have-nots". The Times Guide to the House of Commons June 1987. London: Times Books Ltd. p. 255. ISBN 0-7230-0298-3.
  6. "Divided kingdom". The Glasgow Herald. 12 June 1987. p. 12. Retrieved 28 April 2021.