1989 European Parliament election

The 1989 European Parliamentary Election was a European election held across the 12 European Community member states in June 1989. It was third European election but the first time that Spain and Portugal voted at the same time as the other members (they joined in 1986). Overall turnout dropped to 59%

1989 European Parliament election

 1984 15–18 June 1989 1994 

All 518 seats to the European Parliament
260 seats needed for a majority
Turnout58.5% 2.5 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Jean-Pierre Cot Egon Klepsch Valéry Giscard d’Estaing
Leader's seat France Germany France
Last election 130 110 31
Seats won 180* 121* 49*
Seat change 50 11 18

* The number of seats was increased from 434 to 518 – so this is a nominal figure

Majority Leader before election


Majority Leader-Elect

Jean-Pierre Cot

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the European Union
European Union portal


European Parliament election, 1989 - Final results at 25 July 1989
Group Description Chaired by MEPs
  SOC Social Democrats Jean-Pierre Cot 180
  EPP Christian Democrats Egon Klepsch 121
  LDR Liberals and Liberal Democrats Valéry Giscard d'Estaing 49
  EUL Communists and the Far Left Luigi Alberto Colajanni 42
LU René-Emile Piquet
  ED Conservatives Christopher Prout 34
  G Greens Maria Amélia Santos 30
  EDA National Conservatives Christian de La Malène 20
  DR Far-Right Nationalists Jean-Marie Le Pen 17
  RBW Regionalists Jaak Vandemeulebroucke 13
  NI Independents none 12 Total: 518 Sources:

The Socialists held their third consecutive victory, rising to 180 seats (166 pre-election), with the People's Party managing to win only 8 extra seats. However, the European Democrats had a massive loss of 32 of the 66 seats, knocking them from third to sixth largest party. The liberals, who had already risen one place with the byelections in Spain and Portugal earlier, gained an extra seat, holding their new-found third place with both the Rainbow and Communist groups splitting post-election.


Seat changes

National distribution of seats
State Seats State Seats
 West Germany 81  Belgium 24
 United Kingdom 81  Portugal 24
 France 81  Greece 24
 Italy 81  Denmark 16
 Spain 60  Ireland 15
 Netherlands 25  Luxembourg 6

These were the first elections Portugal and Spain took part in with the other states. Spain was allocated 60 seats and Portugal was allocated 24; the number of seats for the other states remained the same, raising the total number of seats from 434 to 518.