1990 Hungarian parliamentary election

The 1990 Hungarian parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 25 March 1990, with a second round of voting taking place in all but five single member constituencies on 8 April.[1] They were the first completely free and competitive elections to be held in the country since 1945, and only the second completely free elections with universal suffrage in the country's history. The conservative, nationalist Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) beat the liberal and more internationalist Alliance of Free Democrats, which had spearheaded opposition to Communist rule in 1989, to become the largest party in parliament. The Hungarian Socialist Party, the former Communist party, suffered a crushing defeat, winning only 33 seats for fourth place.

1990 Hungarian parliamentary election

 1985 25 March 1990 (first round)
8 April 1990 (second round)
1994 

All 386 seats to the Országgyűlés
194 seats needed for a majority
Turnout65.11% (first round)
45.54% (second round)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader József Antall Péter Tölgyessy Vince Vörös
Party MDF SZDSZ FKGP
Leader since 21 October 1989 [lower-alpha 1] 23 March 1989
Seats won
1R vote and % 1,186,791 (23.9%) 1,082,965 (21.8%) 529,299 (10.7%)
2R vote and % 1,406,277 (41.6%) 1,055,449 (31.2%) 358,360 (10.6%)
Party vote 1,214,359 1,050,799 576,315
 % 24.73% 21.40% 11.73%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Imre Pozsgay Viktor Orbán Sándor Keresztes
Party MSZP Fidesz KDNP
Leader since [lower-alpha 2] [lower-alpha 3] 30 September 1989
Seats won
[lower-alpha 4]
1R vote and % 504,995 (10.2%) 235,611 (4.8%) 287,614 (5.8%)
2R vote and % 216,561 (6.4%) 90,564 (2.7%) 126,636 (3.7%)
Party vote 535,064 439,649 317,278
 % 10.89% 8.95% 6.46%

Results of the election. Proportional list results are displayed in the top left.

Prime Minister before election

Miklós Németh
MSZP

Elected Prime Minister

József Antall
MDF

MDF leader József Antall became prime minister in coalition with the Christian Democratic People's Party and Independent Smallholders' Party. It was the first government since the end of World War II with no Communist participation.