1991 Hong Kong legislative election

The 1991 Hong Kong Legislative Council election was held for members of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong (LegCo). The election of the members of functional constituencies was held on 12 September 1991 and the election of geographical constituency seats was held on 15 September respectively. It was the first ever direct election of the Legislative Council in Hong Kong history. There were 18 members from directly elected geographical constituencies, 21 members from functional constituencies, 17 members appointed by the Governor, and 3 official members.

1991 Hong Kong legislative election

 1988 12 & 15 September 1991 1995 

39 (of the 60) seats to the Legislative Council
31 seats needed for a majority
Registered1,916,925 (GC)
Turnout750,467 (39.15%)
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Martin Lee Hu Fa-kuang Anthony Cheung
Party United Democrats LDF Meeting Point
Alliance Pro-democracy Conservative bloc Pro-democracy
Leader's seat Hong Kong Island East Appointed
(before election)
Did not stand
Seats won 14 3 2
Seat change 12 3 2
Popular vote 618,209 70,697 98,588
Percentage 45.15% 5.16% 7.20%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Chan Yat-sen Leong Che-hung Vincent Lo
Alliance Conservative bloc Pro-democracy Conservative bloc
Leader's seat Did not stand Medical Did not stand
Seats won 2 2 2
Seat change 2 1 1
Popular vote 30,871 19,806 N/A
Percentage 2.25% 1.45% N/A

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
Leader Frederick Fung Lee Chark-tim Lo Tak-shing
Alliance Pro-democracy Pro-Beijing Pro-Beijing
Leader's seat Kowloon West Did not stand Did not stand
Seats won 1 1 1
Seat change 1
Popular vote 60,770 44,894 11,934
Percentage 4.44% 3.28% 0.87%

Elected candidates by each constituency

A coalition of the United Democrats and the Meeting Point, together with other smaller parties, groups and independents in the pro-democracy camp had a landslide victory, getting 16 of the 18 geographical constituency seats. Two-seat constituency two vote system was used with two seats to be filled in each constituency. The voting system helped the pro-democracy coalition win with landslide success and faced criticisms. In the end, the government prescribed simple plurality in the next election.