1992 Kosovan general election


General elections were held in Kosovo on 24 May 1992 to elect a President and Assembly. The overwhelming majority in the Assembly was won by the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), while its leader Ibrahim Rugova was elected President of Kosovo.[1]

1992 Kosovan general election

24 May 1992
Presidential election
2008 
 
Candidate Ibrahim Rugova
Party LDK
Popular vote 863,745
Percentage 100%

Elected President

Ibrahim Rugova
LDK

Assembly election

2001 

127 of the 140 seats in the Assembly of Kosovo
66 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader % Seats
LDK Ibrahim Rugova 76.38 96
PPK Veton Surroi 4.86 13
PFK 3.15 7
PSHDK Mark Krasniqi 3.10 7
PAD (SDA) 0.93 1
Independents 3.28 2
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Results by each municipality;
  LDK   No Data

Prior to the elections, on 8 May the LDK declared that, "since the May 24 elections, announced by the Assembly of the Republic of Kosova, not as a struggle of Kosovo political parties for power, but as an organized and massive attempt to not accept the power structures and the status that Serbia is trying to impose on us, the LDK will try to campaign, organize and conduct elections to develop in the spirit of full cooperation, in different ways and forms, between all political parties and other political entities ”.[2]

Conduct


The elections were monitored by eight groups of observers from the United States and European countries. Konrad Hubers, who led the Delegation of the American Congress Foundation for Human Rights, assessed that these elections are a historic moment for Kosovo.

The Serbian government declared the elections illegal and deployed a large number of police officers to put pressure on and disrupt the election process. However, 89.32 percent of voters took part in the voting and 99.7 percent of them voted for Ibrahim Rugova as president.[3]

Results


The elections were attended mainly by Albanians and Turks, while the Serb-Montenegrin minority had a small turnout. According to the constitution and the electoral system, 14 seats, or 10 percent of them, belonged to Serb candidates who boycotted the election process. But these seats remained unfulfilled all the time, as the right of the Serb minority to administer them. Such an act was not undertaken by threatening and coercive factors, rather it was an expression of the philosophy of peace and international law for the respect of minority rights. Meanwhile, it was an act by which the Albanians proved the difference with Milosevic's policy in treating the Serb-Montenegrins minority.

President

The presidential elections were held in both Kosovo and abroad in places where Kosovo Albanians were employed. In Kosovo, 762,257 voters voted for Ibrahim Rugova for President of Kosovo (invalid ballots and "against" were 3812), while 105,300 voters voted outside Kosovo.

CandidatePartyVotes%
Ibrahim RugovaDemocratic League of Kosovo863,745100.00
Total863,745100.00
Valid votes863,74599.56
Invalid/blank votes3,8120.44
Total votes867,557100.00

Assembly

The Democratic League of Kosovo received 76% of the vote and won 96 seats in parliament. The Parliamentary Party of Kosovo received 4.86%, winning 13 seats. It was followed by the Peasant Party and the Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo with just over 23,000 votes and seven seats each..[4] The 13 seats for Serbs and Montenegrins were unfilled.[5]

PartyVotes%Seats
Democratic League of Kosovo574,75576.3896
Parliamentary Party of Kosovo36,5494.8614
Peasant Party of Kosovo23,6823.157
Albanian Christian Democratic Party of Kosovo23,3033.107
PRK14,0801.870
Party of Albanian National Union11,7701.560
Albanian National Democratic Party10,1581.350
Party of Democratic Action6,9610.931
SHKSH6,4120.850
Social Democratic Party of Kosovo6,0640.810
PLSH3,4580.460
LGJK3,1120.410
PRSH2,4930.330
FISH2,0330.270
LRDK1,0790.140
SHZP5090.070
PPSH4410.060
THP3450.050
HK2880.040
SHBI1320.020
PSHGJ1560.020
Independents24,7023.282
Total752,482100.00127
Valid votes752,48298.64
Invalid/blank votes10,3841.36
Total votes762,866100.00
Registered voters/turnout853,43289.39
Source: Source

Aftermath


The new Assmebly first attempted to be constituted on 23 July, secretly in an Islamic religious school in Pristina, but was blocked at the school entrance by numerous heavily armed police forces. Five deputies were arrested and sentenced to two months in prison, "for hostile activity against the territory of the Republic of Serbia and violation of its constitution." Therefore, the Kosovo Parliament conducted its work in working groups, mainly in exile, in Albania and Macedonia, where the deputies were forced to flee, after being threatened by the repressive measures of the Serbian state, which these deputies had declared illegitimate in the territory of Kosovo.

References