1992 Serbian constitutional referendum


A referendum on state symbols was held in the Republic of Serbia on 31 May 1992. The referendum decided the flag, the national anthem and the coat of arms.[3] Although the referendum failed due to low turnout, the National Assembly recommended that the red star be removed from the Serbian flag on 21 June.[4][5]

Shield with cross and four half moons[1]
Shield with cross and four half moons in front of a white double-headed eagle[2]

Background


The referendum was planned since 1991. For the state flag, the choice was to either keep the flag with the red star or to remove it.[4] For the coat of arms, the choice was to keep the Serbian shield with cross and firesteels or to include the bicephalic eagle of the Nemanjić dynasty.[4] For the anthem, Bože pravde and Marš na Drinu were offered.[4] The results showed a majority of voters preferred keeping the red star on the flag, to keep the Serbian shield with firesteels, and choosing Marš na Drinu as the anthem.[6]

Flag with five-pointed star
Flag without five-pointed star

Results


Coat of arms

Choice Votes %
Shield with cross and four half moons1,586,38443.03
Shield with cross and four half moons in front of a white double-headed eagle
Invalid/blank votes
Total3,756,168100
Registered voters/turnout6,930,92854.20
Source: Direct Democracy

Flag

Choice Votes %
Flag with five-pointed star
Flag without five-pointed star
Invalid/blank votes
Total3,756,168100
Registered voters/turnout6,930,92854.20
Source: Direct Democracy

National anthem

Choice Votes %
Marš na Drinu1,730,07046.67
Bože pravde
Invalid/blank votes
Total3,756,168100
Registered voters/turnout6,930,92854.20
Source: Direct Democracy

See also


References


  1. https://www.mycity-military.com/slika.php?slika=162314_95274541_untitled.JPG
  2. https://www.mycity-military.com/slika.php?slika=162314_95274541_untitled.JPG
  3. Slobodan Vučetić (1998). Fatalna vlast. Stubovi kulture. p. 116. На референдуму су се гра^ани из- јашн>авали о предлогу нових државних симбола - грба, заставе и химне.
  4. Skrozza, Tamara; Grujičić, Nebojša (2003-02-13). "Simboli Državne Zajednice Srbija i Crna Gora : Plavo i plavetno na paragvajski način" [Symbols of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro : Blue and Bluish in the Paraguay Style]. Nedeljnik Vreme – Issue No. 632 (in Serbian). Belgrade: Vreme. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  5. "Preporuka o korišćenju zastave Republike Srbije" [Recommendation on Use of the Flag of the Republic of Serbia]. Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia – No. 49/1992 (1188) (in Serbian). JP Službeni glasnik Republike Srbije. 1992-06-21. p. 1666. Archived from the original on August 17, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  6. "Svi naši referendumi" [All our referendums] (in Serbian). Novi Sad: Radio-televizija Vojvodine. 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2009-06-22.