1994 European Parliament election in Ireland


The 1994 European Parliament election in Ireland was the Irish component of the 1994 European Parliament election. The election was conducted under the single transferable vote. Local elections were held on the same day for borough councils, urban district councils and town commissioners.

1994 European Parliament election in Ireland

 1989 9 June 1994 1999 

15 seats to the European Parliament
Members of the
European Parliament

for Ireland
1st delegation (1973)
2nd delegation (19731977)
3rd delegation (19771979)
1st term (1979)
2nd term (1984)
3rd term (1989)
4th term (1994)
5th term (1999)
6th term (2004)
7th term (2009)
8th term (2014)
9th term (2019)
List of women MEPs

The Campaign


In 1992, a general election in Ireland led to the Labour Party's best results to date, paving the way for Dick Spring to lead his party into coalition with Fianna Fáil. The 1994 local and European elections were seen in some quarters as a mid-term report on that coalition's performance. The strong result by the Green Party in particular was interpreted as a warning that left-leaning middle class voters were moving away from Labour.[1]

The election was notable for how some parties ran "parachute candidates" (like Orla Guerin for Labour) who did not resonate with voters as well as incumbent, grassroots campaigners.[2]

The popularity of President Mary Robinson led to parties presenting more female candidates than usual, four of whom became MEPs on this occasion.[3]

Results


Elections to the European Parliament in Ireland – 1994
Party Party Leader 1st Pref Vote % ±% Seats ±
Fianna Fáil Albert Reynolds 398,066 35.0 +3.5 7 1
Fine Gael John Bruton 276,095 24.3 +2.7 4
Green Party none 90,046 7.9 +4.2 2 2
Labour Party Dick Spring 124,972 11.0 +1.5 1
Progressive Democrats Mary Harney 73,696 6.5 −5.5 0 1
Democratic Left Proinsias De Rossa 39,706 3.5 +3.5 0 New
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 22,100 1.9 −5.8 0 1
Sinn Féin Gerry Adams 33,823 3.0 +0.8 0
Independent Fianna Fáil Neil Blaney 0 0 −3.2 0 1
Independent 78,986 6.9 −1.7 1
Total 1,137,490 100 15

Voting details

1979–2004 European Parliament Ireland constituencies
Constituency Electorate Turnout Spoilt Valid Poll Quota Seats Candidates
Connacht–Ulster 496,352 237,601 (47.8%) 4,971 (2.1%) 232,630 58,158 3 9
Dublin 755,486 280,761 (37.2%) 2,917 (1.1%) 277,844 55,569 4 15
Leinster 624,561 269,044 (43.1%) 6,599 (2.4%) 262,445 52,490 4 12
Munster 755,176 369,890 (48.9%) 5,319 (1.4%) 364,571 72,915 4 16
Total 2,631,575 1,157,296 (43.9%) 19,806 (1.7%) 1,137,490 15 52

Constituency Breakdown

Dublin
1994 European Parliament election: Dublin
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Green Patricia McKenna 14.5 40,388 40,928 42,548 45,348 46,058 47,551 49,999 50,879 54,933 57,749
Fine Gael Mary Banotti 13.7 38,053 38,160 38,898 38,984 39,857 41,999 42,461 42,965 43,839 46,521 47,032 53,897
Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 13.3 36,877 36,935 37,553 38,133 41,272 41,771 42,795 53,466 54,778 56,904
Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 10.1 28,116 28,180 28,827 28,981 29,243 30,704 32,199 33,037 35,006 36,037 36,210 42,112
Democratic Left Pat Rabbitte 8.7 24,133 24,219 24,645 25,206 25,460 26,636 27,054 27,532 31,500 33,677 34,210
Labour Bernie Malone 8.1 22,419 22,510 22,878 23,393 24,088 24,813 25,257 26,269 28,748 36,724 37,352 47,696
Labour Orla Guerin 6.0 16,674 16,765 16,962 17,303 17,977 18,311 18,527 18,929 20,225
Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 5.7 15,830 15,965 16,249 17,338 17,547 17,763 18,211 18,579
Fianna Fáil John Stafford 4.6 12,811 12,838 13,178 13,661 14,959 15,170 16,349
Independent Eamonn Murphy 3.4 9,296 9,385 9,968 10,360 10,431 10,567
Fianna Fáil Olive Braiden 3.0 8,237 8,274 8,419 8,573
Progressive Democrats Stephen O'Byrnes 3.0 8,212 8,254 8,739 8,828 8,939
Sinn Féin Larry O'Toole 3.0 8,190 8,228 8,356
Independent Paddy Madigan 2.5 6,903 7,106
Natural Law John Burns 0.6 1,705
Electorate: 755,486   Valid: 277,844   Spoilt: 2,917 (1.0%)   Quota: 55,569   Turnout: 280,761 (37.2%)
Leinster
1994 European Parliament election: Leinster
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Fianna Fáil Liam Hyland 17.7 46,448 46,737 47,255 48,238 49,236 51,543 54,161
Fine Gael Alan Gillis 16.3 42,826 43,156 43,346 43,793 47,112 48,309 50,896
Fianna Fáil Jim Fitzsimons 15.8 41,375 41,611 42,516 43,684 44,802 45,626 50,263
Green Nuala Ahern 11.8 30,997 32,302 33,849 35,712 37,946 39,297 45,821
Fine Gael Monica Barnes 11.4 29,958 30,235 30,448 30,949 33,692 35,070 39,518
Labour Michael Bell 8.8 22,987 23,186 23,815 24,442 25,366 34,926
Labour Séamus Pattison 6.7 17,580 17,869 18,140 18,478 18,953
Progressive Democrats John Dardis 4.8 12,591 12,919 13,052 13,472
Independent Jack Fitzsimons 2.6 6,752 7,262 7,802
Sinn Féin Lucilita Bhreatnach 2.5 6,523 6,627
Independent Peter Sweetman 1.2 3,228
Natural Law Tom Mullins 0.5 1,180
Electorate: 624,561   Valid: 262,445   Spoilt: 6,599 (2.5%)   Quota: 52,490   Turnout: 269,044 (43.1%)

Alan Gillis replaced his party colleague Patrick Cooney who had stepped down. The Green Party gained the additional seat.

Munster
1994 European Parliament election: Munster
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Fianna Fáil Brian Crowley 23.2 84,463
Fianna Fáil Gerry Collins 13.6 49,677 54,399 54,530 55,047 55,522 56,246 57,264 70,834 75,527
Fine Gael John Cushnahan 10.1 36,906 37,319 37,448 37,553 37,836 38,488 39,331 40,444 42,726 43,115 46,889 72,018
Progressive Democrats Desmond O'Malley 8.7 31,674 32,287 32,440 32,596 32,928 33,916 35,957 37,178 39,165 39,516 45,371 49,655
Fine Gael Tom Raftery 8.6 31,250 31,896 32,012 32,130 32,398 32,923 34,632 35,434 37,718 38,032 40,681
Independent Pat Cox 7.7 27,920 29,069 29,333 29,741 30,400 31,905 33,888 35,791 39,766 40,675 48,533 52,495
Labour Jim Kemmy 7.0 25,486 26,102 26,259 26,703 27,842 29,448 33,155 33,927 36,124 36,533
Fianna Fáil Paddy Lane 5.3 19,369 21,050 21,131 21,430 21,642 22,014 22,348
Independent Nora Bennis 5.1 18,424 18,971 19,292 19,805 20,265 21,863 24,237 24,982
Democratic Left Kathleen Lynch 4.3 15,573 16,127 16,282 16,610 17,316 18,948
Green Dan Boyle 2.8 10,033 10,322 10,661 11,395 11,971
Workers' Party Martin O'Regan 1.7 6,270 6,367 6,524 6,981
Sinn Féin Kieran McCarthy 1.4 5,171 5,285 5,391
Natural Law Stewart Luck 0.2 890 934
Independent Conor Moloney 0.2 858 901
Independent Denis Riordan 0.2 607 627
Electorate: 755,176   Valid: 364,571   Spoilt: 5,319 (1.4%)   Quota: 72,915   Turnout: 369,890 (49.0%)

The constituency lost a seat and T. J. Maher and Gene Fitzgerald retired. Pat Cox resigned from the Progressive Democrats (PD) but succeeded in narrowly beating the PD leader Desmond O'Malley for the last seat.

Connacht-Ulster
1994 European Parliament election: Connacht–Ulster
Party Candidate FPv% Count
1 2 3 4 5
Fianna Fáil Pat "the Cope" Gallagher 22.9 53,171 54,122 57,657 59,372
Fianna Fáil Mark Killilea 19.6 45,638 46,445 47,500 53,030 59,773
Fine Gael Joe McCartin 16.4 38,039 38,861 39,461 43,896 49,371
Fine Gael Jim Higgins 13.3 30,947 32,100 32,768 37,135 42,153
Progressive Democrats Bobby Molloy 9.1 21,219 22,784 23,538
Labour Ann Gallagher 8.5 19,826 22,195 25,303 27,875
Sinn Féin Pat Doherty 6.0 13,939 14,665
Green Richard Douthwaite 3.7 8,628
Natural Law Mary Louise Lacey 0.5 1,223
Electorate: 496,352   Valid: 232,630   Spoilt: 4,971 (2.1%)   Quota: 58,158   Turnout: 237,601 (47.9%)

Pat "the Cope" Gallagher of Fianna Fáil gained the seat vacated by Neil Blaney.

See also


References


  1. Morahan, Jim (13 June 1994). "Green Party's McKenna Is The Toast of Dublin". Cork Examiner. p. 11.
  2. McNally, Frank. "Searching for the dream candidate". The Irish Times. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  3. Downing, John (21 July 1994). "Women Fine-Tune A Powerbase in European Politics". Evening Herald. p. 89.