1994 Swedish general election


General elections were held in Sweden on 18 September 1994.[1] The Swedish Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Riksdag, winning 161 of the 349 seats.[2] Led by Ingvar Carlsson, the party returned to power and formed a minority government after the election. This was the final time the Social Democrats recorded 45 % of the vote before the party's vote share steeply declined four years later and never recovered. The Greens also returned to the Riksdag after a three-year absence.

1994 Swedish general election

 1991 18 September 1994 1998 

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Ingvar Carlsson Carl Bildt Olof Johansson
Party Social Democratic Moderate Centre
Alliance Centre-left Centre-right Centre-right
Last election 138 80 31
Seats won 161 80 27
Seat change 23 0 4
Popular vote 2,513,905 1,243,253 425,153
Percentage 45.3% 22.4% 7.7%
Swing 7.5% 0.5% 0.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Bengt Westerberg Gudrun Schyman Marianne Samuelsson (pictured)
Birger Schlaug
Party Liberal People's Left Green
Alliance Centre-right Centre-left Centre-left
Last election 33 16 0
Seats won 26 22 18
Seat change 7 6 18
Popular vote 399,556 342,988 279,042
Percentage 7.2% 6.2% 5.0%
Swing 1.9% 1.7% 1.6%

  Seventh party Eighth party
 
Leader Alf Svensson Vivianne Franzén
Party Christian Democrats New Democracy
Alliance Centre-right None
Last election 26 25
Seats won 15 0
Seat change 11 25
Popular vote 225,974 68,663
Percentage 4.1% 1.2%
Swing 3.1% 5.5%

PM before election

Carl Bildt
Moderate

Elected PM

Ingvar Carlsson
Social Democratic

Election results.

The election saw the largest bloc differences for a generation, with the red-green parties making sizeable inroads into the blue heartlands of inner Småland and Western Götaland, at an even higher rate than 1988. The Social Democrats gathered more than 50 % of the vote in all five northern counties, Blekinge, Södermanland, Västmanland and Örebro.[3]

In spite of the loss of power, the Moderates retained their 80 seats and gained 0.5 % from 1991. Due to the sizeable losses of their coalition, the net difference between the blocs was 53, with the red-greens making up 201 and the blue parties 148.[3]

The Christian Democrats fared poorly, merely beating the threshold by 3,752 votes.[3] New Democracy, a right-wing populist political party which had entered the Riksdag three years earlier, performed poorly, losing most of its voters and all of its seats in the Riksdag. In total the party's vote share dropped from 6.7% in 1991 to 1.2% in 1994. The election introduced an extended electoral cycle of four years, replacing the previous three-year terms.

It was also notable for being the first electoral event in the world whose official results were published live on the nascent World Wide Web (other countries had previously used the then-fledgling Internet to officially broadcast election results, but with simpler methods such as e-mail lists).[4]

Results


There were 5,555,540 valid ballots cast. [3]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Swedish Social Democratic Party2,513,90545.3161+23
Moderate Party1,243,25322.4800
Centre Party425,1537.727–4
Liberal People's Party399,5567.226–7
Left Party342,9886.222+6
Green Party279,0425.018+18
Christian Democratic Society Party225,9744.115–11
New Democracy68,6631.20–25
Other parties57,0061.000
Invalid/blank votes84,853
Total5,640,3931003490
Registered voters/turnout6,496,12086.8
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
S
45.25%
M
22.38%
C
7.65%
FP
7.19%
V
6.16%
MP
5.02%
KD
4.07%
ND
1.24%
Others
1.03%
Parliament seats
S
46.13%
M
22.92%
C
7.74%
FP
7.45%
V
6.30%
MP
5.16%
KD
4.30%

By municipality

References


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1858 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p1873
  3. "Allmänna valen 1994. Del 1, Riksdagsvalet den 18 september 1994" (PDF) (in Swedish). Statistical Central Bureau. Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  4. General aspects of Sweden's electoral system