1999 European Parliament election in Spain

The 1999 European Parliament election in Spain was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, as part of the EU-wide election to elect the 5th European Parliament. All 64 seats allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Amsterdam were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in thirteen autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

1999 European Parliament election in Spain

 1994 13 June 1999 2004 

All 64 Spanish seats in the European Parliament
Opinion polls
Registered33,840,432 7.2%
Turnout21,334,948 (63.0%)
3.9 pp
  First party Second party Third party
Leader Loyola de Palacio Rosa Díez Alonso Puerta
Leader since 22 April 1999 22 March 1999 2 March 1994
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 28 seats, 40.1% 22 seats, 30.8% 9 seats, 11.9%[lower-alpha 1]
Seats won 27 24 4
Seat change 1 2 5
Popular vote 8,410,993 7,477,823 1,221,566
Percentage 39.7% 35.3% 5.8%
Swing 0.4 pp 4.5 pp 6.1 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Pere Esteve Isidoro Sánchez Josu Ortuondo
Party CiU CE CN–EP
Alliance ELDR
Leader since 16 November 1998 1999 17 April 1999
Leader's seat Spain Spain Spain
Last election 3 seats, 4.7% 0 seats, 2.2% 2 seats, 2.8%
Seats won 3 2 2
Seat change 0 2 0
Popular vote 937,687 677,094 613,968
Percentage 4.4% 3.2% 2.9%
Swing 0.3 pp 1.0 pp 0.1 pp

Electoral system

The 64 members of the European Parliament allocated to Spain as per the Treaty of Amsterdam were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with no electoral threshold being applied in order to be entitled to enter seat distribution. However, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold depending on the district magnitude.[1] Seats were allocated to a single multi-member constituency comprising the entire national territory. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals and resident non-national European citizens over eighteen and in full enjoyment of their political rights.[2][3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, they were required to secure the signature of at least 15,000 registered electors. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Parties, federations and coalitions were allowed to replace this requirement with the signature of at least 50 elected officials—deputies, senators, MEPs or members from the legislative assemblies of autonomous communities or from local city councils—. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[2]

Parties and coalitions

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions[4] Alliance Ideology Candidate Seats
People's Party (PP)[lower-alpha 2] EPP–ED Conservatism
Christian democracy
Loyola de Palacio[7] 28
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p)
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)[lower-alpha 3]
Democratic Party of the New Left (PDNI)
PES Social democracy Rosa Díez[8] 21
United LeftUnited and Alternative Left (IU–EUiA)
United Left (IU)
United and Alternative Left (EUiA)
GUE/NGL Socialism
Alonso Puerta[9][10] 8
Convergence and Union (CiU)
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC)
Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC)
Valencian Nationalist Bloc (BNV)
PSM–Nationalist Agreement (PSM–EN)
Catalan nationalism
Pere Esteve[11] 2 (CDC)
1 (UDC)
European Coalition (CE)
Canarian Coalition (CC)
Andalusian Party (PA)
Valencian Union (UV)
Aragonese Party (PAR)
ERA (PAR) Regionalism Isidoro Sánchez 1 (PAR)
The Greens–Left of the Peoples (LV–IP)
Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V)
The Greens (LV)
Aragonese Union (CHA)
Left of Galicia (EdeG)
Andalusian Left (IA)
GUE/NGL (IC–V) Green politics
Left-wing nationalism
Antoni Gutiérrez 1 (IC–V)
Nationalist Coalition–Europe of the Peoples (CN–EP)
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)
Basque Solidarity (EA)
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)
Majorcan Union (UM)
The Greens–Ecologist Confederation of Catalonia (EV–CEC)
Peripheral nationalism Josu Ortuondo[12][13] 0
Basque Citizens (EH)
Popular Unity (HB)
Assembly (Batzarre)
Stand up (Zutik)
Basque independence
Left-wing nationalism
Koldo Gorostiaga 0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) Galician nationalism
Camilo Nogueira 0

Opinion polls

The table below lists voting intention estimates in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first and using the dates when the survey fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. Where the fieldwork dates are unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed with its background shaded in the leading party's colour. If a tie ensues, this is applied to the figures with the highest percentages. The "Lead" column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the parties with the highest percentages in a given poll. When available, seat projections are also displayed below the voting estimates in a smaller font.



Summary of the 13 June 1999 European Parliament election results in Spain
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Total +/−
People's Party (PP) 8,410,99339.74–0.38 27–1
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 7,477,82335.33+4.54 24+2
United LeftUnited and Alternative Left (IU–EUiA)1 1,221,5665.77–6.15 4–5
Convergence and Union (CiU) 937,6874.43–0.23 3±0
European Coalition (CE)2 677,0943.20+1.03 2+2
Nationalist Coalition–Europe of the Peoples (CN–EP)3 613,9682.90+0.06 2±0
Galician Nationalist Bloc (BNG) 349,0791.65+0.90 1+1
Basque Citizens (EH)4 306,9231.45+0.48 1+1
The Greens–Left of the Peoples (LV–IP)5 300,8741.42–0.11 0±0
The Greens–Green Group (LV–GV) 138,8350.66+0.07 0±0
Centrist Union–Democratic and Social Centre (UC–CDS) 38,9110.18–0.81 0±0
Leonese People's Union (UPL) 33,6040.16New 0±0
Confederation of Feminist Organizations (COFEM/FEMEK) 28,9010.14New 0±0
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (PCPE) 26,1890.12–0.04 0±0
Asturian Renewal Union (URAS) 22,4000.11New 0±0
Party for Independence (PI) 17,5440.08New 0±0
Spanish Democratic Party (PADE) 16,0010.08New 0±0
United Extremadura (EU) 15,7160.07±0.00 0±0
Asturianist Party (PAS) 15,2990.07–0.01 0±0
Independent Spanish Phalanx (FEI) 13,9400.07+0.04 0±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC)6 13,2670.06+0.04 0±0
Alliance for National Unity (AUN) 12,4860.06New 0±0
Humanist Party (PH) 12,4150.06+0.02 0±0
The Phalanx (FE) 10,7920.05New 0±0
Independent Socialists of Extremadura (SIEx) 10,0400.05New 0±0
Regionalist Unity of Castile and León (URCL) 9,9500.05±0.00 0±0
Andalusia Assembly (A) 8,7500.04New 0±0
Natural Law Party (PLN) 8,6710.04New 0±0
Party of Self-employed of Spain and Spanish Independent Groups (PAE–I) 8,3940.04New 0±0
Valencian Community Alternative (ACV) 8,0730.04New 0±0
National Democracy (DN) 8,0530.04New 0±0
Andecha Astur (AA) 7,3210.03New 0±0
Union of Regions (UDR) 7,2510.03New 0±0
Extremaduran Coalition (PREx–CREx)7 7,2300.03±0.00 0±0
Regionalist Party of the Leonese Country (PREPAL) 6,9770.03±0.00 0±0
Coalition for the Repeal of the Maastricht Treaty (DM)8 5,6640.03–0.01 0±0
Blank ballots 357,5831.69+0.54
Total 21,166,264 64±0
Valid votes 21,166,26499.21–0.33
Invalid votes 168,6840.79+0.33
Votes cast / turnout 21,334,94863.05+3.91
Abstentions 12,505,48436.95–3.91
Registered voters 33,840,432
Popular vote
Blank ballots

Distribution by European group

Summary of political group distribution in the 5th European Parliament (1999–2004)[15]
Groups Parties Seats Total  %
European People's Party–European Democrats (EPP–ED) 27
28 43.75
Party of European Socialists (PES) 22
24 37.50
Greens–European Free Alliance (G/EFA) 1
4 6.25
European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) 4 4 6.25
European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) 2
3 4.69
Non-Inscrits (NI) 1 1 1.56
Total 64 64 100.00

Elected legislators

The following table lists the elected legislators:[16]


  1. Data for IU in the 1996 election, not including results in Catalonia.
  2. Includes Navarrese People's Union (UPN) as an integral part of the candidacy, running as a sister party in Navarre.
  3. Includes the Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC) as an integral part of the candidacy, running as a sister party in Catalonia.


Opinion poll sources
  1. "El PP saca 5,7 puntos de ventaja al PSOE". ABC (in Spanish). 6 June 1999.
  2. "El PP gana al PSOE, pero su ventaja cae a la mitad". El País (in Spanish). 5 June 1999.
  3. "El PP aventaja en 5,6 puntos al PSOE en el último sondeo para las europeas". El Mundo (in Spanish). 7 June 1999.
  4. "Sondejos". Generalitat de Catalunya (in Catalan). Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  5. "Preelectoral elecciones al Parlamento Europeo, 1999 (Estudio nº 2325. Mayo 1999)" (PDF). CIS (in Spanish). 4 June 1999.
  6. "El PP conserva su poder municipal, autonómico y europeo, e IU se hunde". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 1999.
  7. "Un sondeo da 3,4 puntos de ventaja al PP en las europeas". El País (in Spanish). 31 May 1999.
  8. "Una encuesta adjudica al PP tres puntos de ventaja sobre el PSOE en las europeas". El País (in Spanish). 17 May 1999.
  9. "El PP aventaja al PSOE en 6,8 puntos a un año del final de la legislatura". El Mundo (in Spanish). 4 January 1999.
  1. Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  2. "Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Retrieved 6 March 2017.
  3. "Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts". Act of 10 November 1997. Official Journal of the European Communities. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
  4. "European election 13 June 1999". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  5. "European Parliament: Distribution of Spanish MEPs among parliamentary groups". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  6. "Votes and seats in European Parliament elections". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  7. Casqueiro, Javier (23 April 1999). "El PP designa a Loyola de Palacio para encabezar la lista al Parlamento Europeo". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  8. Díez, Anabel (23 March 1999). "Rosa Díez encabezará la lista europea del PSOE para luchar contra el "nacionalismo excluyente"". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  9. Rivas, Javier (3 March 1994). "Alonso Puerta encabezará la lista europea de IU con el rechazo de los 'duros' del PCE". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  10. Serrano, Rodolfo (1 May 1999). "Alonso Puerta encabeza la candidatura europea de IU con mayoría comunista". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  11. Mauri, Luis (17 November 1998). "Pujol 'aparca' a Esteve desplazándolo a las listas para las elecciones europeas". El País (in Spanish). Barcelona. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  12. "La dirección del PNV propone a Ortuondo como cabeza de lista para las europeas". El País (in Spanish). Bilbao. 3 March 1999. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  13. "La asamblea del PNV ratifica a Ortuondo como candidato a las europeas". El País (in Spanish). 18 April 1999. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  14. "Electoral Results Consultation. European Parliament. June 1999. National totals". Ministry of the Interior (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. "Parlamento Europeo: Distribución de los Eurodiputados españoles en grupos parlamentarios". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  16. Junta Electoral Central: "Acuerdo de 29 de junio de 1999, de la Junta Electoral Central, por el que se procede a la proclamación de Diputados electos al Parlamento Europeo en las elecciones celebradas el 13 de junio de 1999" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (156): 25068. 1 July 1999. ISSN 0212-033X.