2002 Swedish general election


General elections were held in Sweden on 15 September 2002,[1] alongside municipal and county council elections. The Swedish Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Riksdag, winning 144 of the 349 seats.[2]

2002 Swedish general election

 1998 15 September 2002 2006 

All 349 seats to the Riksdag
175 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Göran Persson Bo Lundgren Lars Leijonborg
Party Social Democratic Moderate Liberal People's
Alliance Centre-left Centre-right Centre-right
Last election 131 seats 82 seats 17 seats
Seats won 144 55 48
Seat change 13 27 31
Popular vote 2,113,560 809,041 710,312
Percentage 39.9% 15.3% 13.4%
Swing 3.5% 7.6% 8.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Alf Svensson Gudrun Schyman Maud Olofsson
Party Christian Democrats Left Centre
Alliance Centre-right Centre-left Centre-right
Last election 42 seats 43 seats 18 seats
Seats won 33 30 22
Seat change 9 13 4
Popular vote 485,235 444,854 328,428
Percentage 9.2% 8.4% 6.2%
Swing 2.6% 3.6% 1.1%

  Seventh party
 
Leader Peter Eriksson
Maria Wetterstrand
Party Green
Alliance Centre-left
Last election 16 seats
Seats won 17
Seat change 1
Popular vote 246,392
Percentage 4.7%
Swing 0.2%

Largest party by constituency (left) and municipality (right)
Red-Social Democratic, Blue-Moderate

PM before election

Göran Persson
Social Democratic

Elected PM

Göran Persson
Social Democratic

After securing a confidence and supply agreement with the Left Party and the Green Party, Prime Minister Göran Persson was able to remain in his position in a third consecutive term as a minority government.

Although the bloc compositions were similar to 1998, the complexions of the centre-right bloc shifted radically. Under new party leader Bo Lundgren, the Moderates lost more than seven percentage points and barely held on as the largest party in its coalition. Only eight municipalities in all of Sweden had the Moderates as the largest party, six of which were in the Stockholm area.[3] The Peoples' Party led by Lars Leijonborg, instead more than doubled its parliamentary delegation and received above 13 % of the vote. Lundgren resigned in the wake of the election, leading to the selection of future Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt as the Moderate leader.

Among the four other Riksdag parties, the Christian Democrats and the Left Party both lost ground, whereas the Centre and Green parties managed to reach the parliamentary threshold of four percentage points.

Among minor parties, the Norrbotten Party reached 9.4 % of the vote in its county, polling above 20 % in some inland areas, although this was not enough to gain a Riksdag seat.[3] The Sweden Democrats became the eight largest party for the first time, making sizeable gains and winning more council seats than ever before.

Results


There were 5,303,212 valid ballots cast.[3]

Final results
of the 2002 Swedish
general election
Votes Seats
# % +/- # +/-
  Social Democrats (s) 2,113,560 39.85 +3.46 144 +13
  Moderate Party (m) 809,041 15.26 −7.64 55 −27
  Liberal People's Party (fp) 710,312 13.39 +8.67 48 +31
  Christian Democrats (kd) 485,235 9.15 −2.62 33 −9
  Left Party (v) 444,854 8.39 −3.60 30 −13
  Centre Party (c) 328,428 6.19 +1.06 22 +4
  Green Party (mp) 246,392 4.65 +0.16 17 +1
  Sweden Democrats (sd) 76,300 1.44 +1.07 0
  Swedish Senior Citizen Interest Party (spi) 37,573 0.71 +0.29 0
  Norrbotten Party 14,854 0.28 +0.28 0
  New Future 9,337 0.18 +0.01 0
  National Democrats (nd) 9,248 0.17 +0.17 0
  Skåne Party 4,564 0.09 +0.09 0
  Socialist Party 3,213 0.06 +0.03 0
  New Democracy¹ (nyd) 2,207 0.04 −0.11 0
  Socialist Justice Party (rs) 1,519 0.03 −0.03 0
  Communist Party of Sweden (skp) 1,182 0.02 −0.01 0
  Unity 603 0.01 -0.02 0
  Free List 502 0.01 +0.01 0
  Voice of the Free People 207 0.00 0
  European Workers Party 163 0.00 ±0 0
  Welfare Party 94 0.00 0
  National Democratic Party of Sweden 87 0.00 0
  Alliance Party 58 0.00 ±0 0
  Skåne Federalists 52 0.00 0
  Communist League 46 0.00 ±0 0
  Citizens Party 27 0.00 ±0 0
  Rikshushållarna 17 0.00 0
  Republicans 15 0.00 ±0 0
  Tax Reformists 14 0.00 0
  Popular Democrats 12 0.00 ±0 0
  Populist Party 11 0.00 0
  New Swedes D.P.N.S. 11 0.00 0
  Donald Duck Party 10 0.00 0
Parties with less than 10 votes 61 0.00
Others not classified 3,403 0.06
Valid votes 5,303,212 98.47
Invalid votes 82,218 1.53
Turnout 5,385,430 80.11 −1.28

¹ New Democracy was actually dissolved by the time of the election and did not run, but some voters wrote the party name on an empty ballot anyway.

Popular vote
S
39.85%
M
15.26%
FP
13.39%
KD
9.15%
V
8.39%
C
6.19%
MP
4.65%
SD
1.44%
Others
1.68%
Parliament seats
S
42.26%
M
15.76%
FP
13.75%
KD
9.46%
V
8.60%
C
6.30%
MP
4.87%

By municipality

References


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1858 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p1873
  3. "Sverige - Valområde - 2002-09-27 09:16:45" (in Swedish). Valmyndigheten. 27 September 2002. Retrieved 19 November 2019.

Further reading