2009 German federal election

Federal elections took place on 27 September 2009 to elect the members of the 17th Bundestag (parliament) of Germany.[1] Preliminary results showed that the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) won the election, and the three parties announced their intention to form a new centre-right government with Angela Merkel as Chancellor. Their main opponent, Frank-Walter Steinmeier's Social Democratic Party (SPD), conceded defeat.[2] The Christian Democrats previously governed in coalition with the FDP in most of the 1949–1966 governments of Konrad Adenauer and Ludwig Erhard and the 1982–1998 governments of Helmut Kohl.

2009 German federal election

 2005 27 September 2009 (2009-09-27) 2013 

All 622 seats in the Bundestag, including 24 overhang seats
312 seats needed for a majority
Registered62,168,489 0.5%
Turnout44,005,575 (70.8%) 6.9 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Candidate Angela Merkel Frank-Walter Steinmeier Guido Westerwelle
Party CDU/CSU SPD FDP
Leader since 10 April 2000 18 October 2008 4 May 2001
Leader's seat Stralsund – Nordvorpommern – Rügen Brandenburg an der Havel – Potsdam-Mittelmark I – Havelland III – Teltow-Fläming I North Rhine-Westphalia[lower-alpha 1]
Last election 35.2%, 226 seats 34.2%, 222 seats 9.8%, 61 seats
Seats won 239 146 93
Seat change 13 76 32
Popular vote 14,658,515 9,990,488 6,316,080
Percentage 33.8% 23.0% 14.6%
Swing 1.4 pp 11.2 pp 4.8 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Candidate Gregor Gysi &
Oskar Lafontaine
Jürgen Trittin &
Renate Künast
Party Left Green
Leader since 17 July 2005
30 July 2005
16 November 2008
27 September 2005
Leader's seat Berlin Treptow – Köpenick & Saarland Lower Saxony[lower-alpha 2] & Berlin[lower-alpha 3]
Last election 8.7%, 54 seats 8.1%, 51 seats
Seats won 76 68
Seat change 22 17
Popular vote 5,155,933 4,643,272
Percentage 11.9% 10.7%
Swing 3.2 pp 2.6 pp

The left side shows constituency winners of the election by their party colours. The right side shows party list winners of the election for the additional members by their party colours.

Government before election

First Merkel cabinet
CDU/CSUSPD

Government after election

Second Merkel cabinet
CDU/CSUFDP