2011 Dutch provincial elections

Provincial elections were held in the Netherlands on Wednesday 2 March 2011. Eligible voters elected the members of the States-Provincial in the twelve provinces. These elections also indirectly determined the members of the Senate, since the 566 members of the twelve States-Provincial elected the Senate's 75 members in the Senate election on 23 May 2011.

Election board in Groningen
Largest party by province

The Senate election, and therefore the provincial elections, were important since the First Rutte cabinet had a minority in the Senate when it took office. The coalition and support parties hoped to gain a majority in the Senate through these elections, but failed to do so, obtaining 37 out of 75 seats. However, it was expected that the small Christian party SGP, which obtained one seat, would support the cabinet.[1]

On the same date, Island Council elections were held in the three public bodies of the Caribbean Netherlands. It was planned that the members of the Island Councils would also have a vote in the Senate election in the future, but in 2011 this was not yet the case because this required a change in the Constitution.


The right-liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, left-liberal Democrats 66, and right-wing Party for Freedom made significant gains throughout the provinces. The Labour Party stayed relatively stable, while the Socialist Party suffered losses from their 2007 results. The Christian Democratic Appeal suffered big losses, losing some 65 of their previous 151 provincial seats. However, the party didn't fare as bad as the polls had suggested.

This was the first provincial elections that Geert Wilders' Party for Freedom participated in. The party managed to win seats in all of the Netherlands' provinces with its best results in the southern provinces of North Brabant and Limburg. In Limburg it even managed to become the biggest party by a slim margin.

National results

Political parties20072011Difference
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD)102112+10
Labour Party (PvdA)114107-7
Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA)15186-65
Party for Freedom (PVV)069+69
Socialist Party (SP)8356-27
Democrats 66 (D66)942+33
GreenLeft (GL)3334+1
ChristianUnion (CU)3523-12
Reformed Political Party (SGP)1312-1
Party for the Animals (PvdD)87-1
Regionalist parties:[3]138-5
Frisian National Party (FNP)54-1
Party for Zeeland (PvZ)220
Seniorparty North Holland (ONH)
United Senior Party (VSP)
Party for the North (PvhN)110
Party New Limburg (PNL)10-1
Beautiful Utrecht10-1
Other parties20-2

Due to population growth in Gelderland, the number of seats in the States of Gelderland increased from 53 to 55, accounting for the increase in the total number of seats from 564 to 566.

By province

ProvincieNumber of seats per party
North Holland1311565651111[7]55
South Holland1210685532211055
North Brabant127108853011055

A "-" in the table means that the relevant party did not submit a list of candidates in the 2011 elections in the province concerned.

Island council elections

Political party20072011change
Bonaire island council
Union Patriotiko Boneriano (UPB)54-1
Partido Demokrátiko Boneriano (PDB)43-1
Partido Pro Hustisia & Union (PHU)-1+1
Movementu Boneiru Liber (MBL)-1+1
Saba island council
Windward Islands People's Movement (WIPM)44-
Saba Labour Party (SLP)11-
turnout 88%
Sint Eustatius island council
Democratische Partij (DP)42-2
Progressive Labour Party (PLP)11-
United People’s Coalition (UPC)-1+1
St. Eustatius Empowerment Party (STEP)-1+1
turnout 68%


  1. Trouw, Kabinet kan door met gedoogsteun van SGP
  2. Combined list in two provinces (North Holland and North Brabant).
  3. Many linked to the Independent Senate Group (OSF).
  4. Partij voor het Noorden: 1
  5. Fryske Nasjonale Partij: 4
  6. In Gelderland waren twee zetels meer verkiesbaar dan in 2007.
  7. Ouderenpartij Noord-Holland: 1
  8. Partij voor Zeeland: 2