2011 England riots

The 2011 England riots, more widely known as the London riots, were a series of riots between 6 and 11 August 2011. Thousands of people rioted in cities and towns across England, which saw looting, arson, as well as mass deployment of police and the deaths of five people.[10]

2011 England riots
Firefighters douse a shop and flats destroyed by arson during the initial rioting in Tottenham
Date6–11 August 2011 (copycat incidents continued after this period)
MethodsRioting, looting, arson, robbery, assault, murder
Resulted inShops, homes, vehicles destroyed
Reported fatalities and injuries
Injuries205 (16 members of the public,[3][4] 186 police officers, and 3 police community support officers)[5][6][7][8]
Damage2815 homes, businesses attacked[9]

The protests started in Tottenham Hale, London, following the death of Mark Duggan, a local man who was shot dead by police on 4 August.[11] Several violent clashes with police followed Duggan's death, along with the destruction of police vehicles, a double-decker bus and many homes and businesses, which rapidly gained the attention of the media. Overnight, looting took place in Tottenham Hale retail park and in nearby Wood Green. The following days saw similar scenes in other parts of London, with the worst rioting taking place in Hackney, Brixton, Walthamstow, Peckham, Enfield, Battersea, Croydon, Ealing, Barking, Woolwich, Lewisham and East Ham.

From 8 to 11 August, other towns and cities in England (including Birmingham, Bristol, Coventry, Derby, Leicester, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham, West Bromwich, and Wolverhampton) saw what was described by the media as "copycat violence", with social media playing a role. By 10 August, more than 3,003 arrests had been made across England, with more than 1,984 people issued with criminal charges for various offences related to the riots.[9][12][13] Initially, courts sat for extended hours. There were a total of 3,443 crimes across London that were linked to the disorder.[14] Along with the five deaths, at least 16 others were injured as a direct result of related violent acts. An estimated £200 million worth of property damage was incurred, and local economic activity – which in many cases was already struggling due to the recession – was significantly compromised.

The riots generated significant debate among political, social, and academic figures about their causes and context. Attributions for the rioters' behaviour included social factors such as racial tension, class tension, economic decline, and the unemployment that decline had brought.[6][13][15][16]