2012 Mexican general election
General elections were held in Mexico on Sunday, July 1, 2012.
States won by Peña Nieto in green, López Obrador in yellow, Vázquez Mota in blue.
Voters went to the polls to elect, on the federal level:
- A new President of the Republic to serve a six-year term, replacing then President Felipe Calderón. The president is elected by plurality voting, and not eligible to be reelected.
- 500 members (300 by the first-past-the-post system and 200 by proportional representation) to serve for a three-year term in the Chamber of Deputies.
- 128 members (three per state by first-past-the-post and 32 by proportional representation from national party lists) to serve six-year terms in the Mexican Senate. In each state, two first-past-the-post seats are allocated to the party with the largest share of the vote, and the remaining seat is given to the first runner-up.
Several local ballots were held on the same day, notably:
- The election of a new Head of Government and new Legislative Assembly of the Federal District.
- Gubernatorial elections in six states
- Chiapas gubernatorial election – held by PRD/PT/MC before the election
- Guanajuato gubernatorial election – held by PAN before the election
- Jalisco gubernatorial election – held by PAN before the election
- Morelos gubernatorial election – held by PAN before the election
- Tabasco gubernatorial election – held by PRI before the election
- Yucatán gubernatorial election – held by PRI before the election
- Municipal and local congressional elections in those six states and in Campeche, Colima, Nuevo León, Querétaro, Sonora, and San Luis Potosí.