2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election

The Ukrainian parliamentary election of 2012 took place on 28 October 2012.[1] Because of various reasons, including the "impossibility of announcing election results" various by-elections have taken place since.[2][3][4][5] Hence, several constituencies have been left unrepresented at various times.[2][6][7][8]

2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election

 2007 28 October 2012 2014 

All 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada
226 seats needed for a majority
Turnout57.99% ( 5.23 pp)
Party Leader % Seats ±
Party of Regions Mykola Azarov 30.00 185 +10
Batkivshchyna Arseniy Yatsenyuk 25.55 101 -55
UDAR Vitaliy Klychko 13.97 40 New
KPU Petro Symonenko 13.18 32 +5
Svoboda Oleh Tyahnybok 10.45 37 +37
Radical Party Oleh Lyashko 1.08 1 New
United Centre Viktor Baloha 3 New
People's Party Volodymyr Lytvyn 2 -18
Soyuz Lev Myrymsʹkyy 1 +1
Independents 43 +43
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Winning party in each constituency in party-list (above) and single-member voting (below)
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Mykola Azarov
Party of Regions
Mykola Azarov
Party of Regions

Unlike the two previous elections, this election used a parallel voting system (50% under party lists and 50% under simple-majority constituencies)[9] with a 5% election threshold and the participation of blocs of political parties was not allowed any more.[10] The method of 50/50 mixed elections was used previously in 1998 and 2002.[11]

The election campaign was limited to 90 days.[9] Every citizen of Ukraine 18 years of age or older[12] was able to vote in 33,540 polling stations in Ukraine and 116 foreign polling stations in 77 countries.[13][14]

The Party of Regions won the largest number of seats while Fatherland (with several parties together as an "umbrella" party) came second.[15] The election was also noted for the rise of the far-right party Svoboda, which came in fourth.[15] The new (on the national scene) party UDAR also enjoyed noticeable great success with its third place in the election.[15] The Communist Party of Ukraine almost tripled its numbers of voters but because of the mixed election system used in the election it only won five more seats compared with the previous election.[15] Because of this mixed system three small parties and 43 unaffiliated politicians also made it into parliament.[15]

The new parliament was appointed and started its tasks on 12 December 2012 – six weeks after the elections.[16][17] This was the last national Ukrainian election Crimea participated in prior to the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.