2014 European Parliament election in Bulgaria


The European Parliament election of 2014 in Bulgaria was held on 25 May 2014[2] to elect the Members of the European Parliament from Bulgaria to the European Parliament as part of the larger European Parliament election. After a decision by the European Council in 2013, Bulgaria was allocated 17 seats in the European Parliament for the Eighth European Parliament.[3]

European Parliament election in Bulgaria, 2014

 2009 25 May 2014 2019 

All 17 Bulgarian seats to the European Parliament
Turnout35.84%[1]
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Boyko Borisov Sergei Stanishev Lyutvi Mestan
Party GERB KB DPS
Alliance EPP PES ALDE
Last election 5 seats, 24.36% 4 seats, 18.50% 3 seats, 14.14%
Seats won 6 4 4
Seat change +1 ±0 + 1
Popular vote 680,838 424,037 386,725
Percentage 30.40% 18.93% 17.26%
Swing + 6.04% + 0.44% + 3.12%

  Fourth party Fifth party
 
Leader Nikolay Barekov Radan Kanev
(As spokesperson)
Party BBT RB
Last election N/A, formed in 2014 N/A, formed in 2013
Seats won 2 1
Popular vote 238,629 144,532
Percentage 10.66% 6.45%
Swing N/A N/A

The election campaign officially began on 25 April 2014, one month before the election day.[4]

Background


The elections come a year after the 2013 parliamentary elections in Bulgaria that resulted in a minority parliament. Since the election winner, GERB, failed to form a government the Socialists and the DPS formed a coalition government led by Plamen Oresharski. The European elections of 2014 are considered to be of importance as they will reflect the popularity of the current government.

Changes in electoral law


In February 2014 Bulgarian MPs voted to lower the preferential-vote threshold for the election from 6% to 5% of each list's total votes.[5]

Implicit electoral threshold still remains equal to the Hare Quota, which is about 5.88% of the total valid votes.[6]

Opinion polls


Polls include Bulgarian parliamentary election polls if European parliamentary election polling numbers are unavailable.

Pre election campaign

Election campaign

Source Date GERB BSP DPS Attack Reformist Bloc BBT NFSB ABV Others Total
Institute for Modern Politics 26 April 2014 17.6% 15.9% 6.2% 2.5% 4.5% 4.9% 3.0% 4.5% 7.0% 66.1%
Sova Haris 28 April 2014 17.0% 19.2% 6.2% 2.3% 4.1% 5.5% 1.4% 2.3% 0.3% 58.3%
Center for Analysis and Marketing 30 April 2014 14.8% 13.3% 6.8% 1.7% 3.0% 2.7% 2.1% 0.7% 45.1%
Mediana 13 May 2014 17.1% 20.5% 7.3% 3.5% 4.3% 9.8% 3.6% 2.9% 69.0%
Institute for Modern Politics 13 May 2014 19.3% 20.5% 7.0% 4.5% 2.5% 7.5% 1.4% 3.5% 2.6% 68.8%
Exacta Research 19 May 2014 28.5% 24.0% 11.3% 4.1% 6.2% 11.1% 3.8% 5.8% 94.8%
Alpha Research 20 May 2014 27.3% 23.6% 13.4% 4.1% 5.9% 10.5% 3.9% 5.3% 94.0%
Source Date GERB BSP DPS Attack Reformist Bloc BBT NFSB ABV Others Total

Exit polls

Source Date GERB BSP DPS Attack Reformist Bloc BBT NFSB ABV Others Total
Mediana 25 May 2014 27.9% 20.2% 14.5% 7.3% 11.6% 81.5%
Alpha Research 25 May 2014 28.4% 21.6% 15.5% 6.8% 9.9% 82.2%
Gallup International 25 May 2014 28.6% 19.8% 14.9% 6.4% 11.1% 80.8%

Results


PartyVotes%Seats+/–
GERB680,83830.406+1
Coalition for Bulgaria424,03718.9440
Movement for Rights and Freedoms386,72517.274+1
Bulgaria Uncensored238,62910.662New
Reformist Bloc144,5326.4510
Alternative for Bulgarian Revival90,0614.020New
National Front for the Salvation of Bulgaria68,3763.050New
Attack 66,2102.960–2
People's Voice22,4401.000New
Coalition KOD20,4870.910New
The Greens12,5470.5600
Bulgarian Left11,0140.490New
Blue Unity10,7860.480New
BKP9,3180.420New
Green Party7,9890.360New
BASTA7,3300.330New
Party of Greens5,2180.230New
Union of Communists in Bulgaria3,2170.140New
Bulgarian National Patriotic Party3,0000.130New
Christian Democratic Party2,9640.130New
Nationalist Parties of Bulgaria2,4990.110New
Independents21,2130.9500
Total2,239,430100.00170
Valid votes2,239,43094.81
Invalid/blank votes122,5365.19
Total votes2,361,966100.00
Registered voters/turnout6,599,59935.79
Source: CIK

Elected MEPs


The following 17 MEP were elected:[7]

European People's Party–European Democrats – 7 seats:

Party of European Socialists – 4 seats:

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe – 4 seats:

Declined:

European Conservatives and Reformists[10] – 2 seats

Media expenses


According to a survey taken by the NGO Institute for Public Environment Development, the following table represents the media campaign expenses of the main parties:[11]

PartySpending (BGN)Spending per seat
Bulgaria Without Censorship1,085,655542,827.50
Bulgarian Socialist Party740,000185,000
Attack648,000Did not win any seats
Reformist Bloc360,000360,000
Movement for Rights and Freedoms294,50073,625
Alternative for Bulgarian Revival229,318Did not win any seats
GERB133,27122,211.80
  • Note: Campaign expenses were capped at BGN 2 million.[11]

See also


References


  1. "Results of the 2014 European elections - Results by country - Bulgaria - European Parliament".
  2. "2014 European elections: national rules" (PDF). InfoGraphic European Parliamentary Research Service. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  3. "Bulgaria". European Parliament Online. European Parliament. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  4. "Bulgarian President Calls for Clean Election Campaign". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  5. "Bulgarian MPs Agree on 5% Preferential-Vote Threshold for EP Elections". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 24 February 2014.
  6. "The 2009 European Parliament Elections: from Votes to Seats in 27 Ways" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 September 2013. Retrieved 15 March 2014.
  7. "The New 17 Bulgarian Members of the European Parliament". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  8. "Последни данни от ЦИК: ГЕРБ – 30.41%, Светослав Малинов ще е евродепутат". dnevnik.bg. Associated Press and Reuters. 26 May 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  9. "DPS's Delyan Peevski Gives up MEP Position". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Archived from the original on 26 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  10. "MEPs Barekov, Dzhambazki to Join ECR Group in European Parliament". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  11. "'Bulgaria without Censorship' Party Had Costliest Media Campaign". Novinite.com. Soifa News Agency. Retrieved 1 June 2014.