2014 New Zealand general election

The 2014 New Zealand general election took place on Saturday 20 September 2014 to determine the membership of the 51st New Zealand Parliament.[1]

2014 New Zealand general election

 2011 20 September 2014 2017 

All 120 seats (plus 1 overhang seat) in the New Zealand House of Representatives
61 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout2,446,279 (77.90%) 3.69%
  First party Second party Third party
Leader John Key David Cunliffe Russel Norman
Metiria Turei
Party National Labour Green
Leader since 27 November 2006 15 September 2013 3 June 2006
30 May 2009
Leader's seat Helensville New Lynn List
Last election 59 seats, 47.31% 34 seats, 27.48% 14 seats, 11.06%
Seats before 59 34 14
Seats won 60 32 14
Seat change 1 2 0
Electorate vote 1,081,787
1.23 pp
0.99 pp
0.10 pp
Party vote 1,131,501
0.28 pp
2.35 pp
0.36 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Winston Peters Te Ururoa Flavell Jamie Whyte
Party NZ First Māori ACT
Leader since 18 July 1993 13 July 2013 2 February 2014
Leader's seat List Waiariki Ran in Pakuranga (lost)
Last election 8 seats, 6.59% 3 seats, 1.43% 1 seat, 1.07%
Seats before 7 3 1
Seats won 11 2 1
Seat change 4 1 0
Electorate vote 73,384
1.29 pp
0.02 pp
0.25 pp
Party vote 208,300
2.06 pp
0.11 pp
0.37 pp

  Seventh party Eighth party
Leader Peter Dunne Hone Harawira
Laila Harré
Party United Future Internet Mana
Leader since 16 November 2000 2014
Leader's seat Ōhariu Te Tai Tokerau (lost seat)
Ran in Helensville (lost)
Last election 1 seat, 0.60% 1 seat, 1.08%[lower-alpha 1]
Seats before 1 1
Seats won 1 0
Seat change 1
Electorate vote 14,722
0.24 pp
0.20 pp
Party vote 5,286
0.38 pp
0.34 pp

Map of the general election. Electorate results are shown on the left, Maori electorate results in the centre, and the additional members on the right.

Prime Minister before election

John Key
National Minority

Subsequent Prime Minister

John Key
National Minority

Voters elected 121 members to the House of Representatives, with 71 from single-member electorates (an increase from 70 in 2011)[2] and 49 from party lists. Since 1996, New Zealand has used the Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting system, giving voters two votes: one for a political party and one for their local electorate MP. The party vote decides how many seats each party gets in the new Parliament; a party is entitled to a share of the seats if it receives 5% of the party vote or wins an electorate. Normally, the House has 120 seats but extra seats may be added where there is an overhang, caused by a party winning more electorates than seats it is entitled to. The one-seat overhang from the 50th Parliament will remain for the 51st Parliament, after United Future won one electorate when their 0.22% party vote did not entitle them to any seats.

A total of 3,140,417 people were registered to vote in the election; around 92.6% of all eligible New Zealanders.[3] A total of 2,446,279 votes were cast,[4] including a record 717,579 advance votes, more than double the number cast in 2011.[5][6] Turnout was 77.90%, higher than the 2011 election,[4] but the sixth-lowest since women gained the vote in 1893.

The centre-right National Party, led by incumbent Prime Minister John Key, gained a plurality with 47.0% of the party vote and 60 of the 121 seats. On election night counts, the party appeared to hold the first majority since 1994 with 61 seats, but lost one seat to the Green Party on the official count.[7] National re-entered confidence and supply agreements with the centrist United Future,[8] the neoliberal ACT Party,[9] and the indigenous rights-based Māori Party[10] to form a minority government and give the Fifth National Government a third term.

The centre-left Labour Party, National's traditional opponent, lost ground for the fourth election in a row, receiving 25.1% of the party vote and 32 seats. The Green Party dropped in the party vote from 11.1% to 10.7%, but remained steady on 14 seats. New Zealand First meanwhile increased its vote share to 8.7% and seat count to 11. The Māori Party, ACT, and United Future retained their Parliamentary representation, despite losing party votes. The Internet Mana Party did not return to Parliament after its only representative in Parliament, Hone Harawira, was defeated in his electorate of Te Tai Tokerau.[11][12]