2019 European Parliament election in the Netherlands
The 2019 European Parliament election for the election of the delegation from the Netherlands is an election that was held on 23 May 2019. It is the ninth time the elections have been held for the European elections in the Netherlands. The number of Dutch seats was to increase from 26 to 29 following Brexit, but due to the extension of the Article 50 process in the United Kingdom, the number of seats to be elected will remain at 26.
26 Netherlands seats in the European Parliament
Elections, candidates and members of the
European Parliament for the Netherlands
|1979–1984||1st election, candidates and members|
|1984–1989||2nd election, candidates and members|
|1989–1994||3rd election, candidates and members|
|1994–1999||4th election, candidates and members|
|1999–2004||5th election, candidates and members|
|2004–2009||6th election, candidates and members|
|2009–2014||7th election, candidates and members|
|2014–2019||8th election, candidates and members|
|2019–2024||9th election, candidates and members|
Voting and election organisation
|26 February 2019||Last day for registering political parties names|
|9 April 2019||Candidate lists presented to the Electoral Council|
|23 May 2019||European Election in the Netherlands|
|4 June 2019||Official results released by the Electoral Council|
|2 July 2019||9th European Parliament session begins (2019-2024)|
Right to vote
In order to vote, a person must:
- have either the Dutch nationality or the nationality of a European Union member state,
- be 18 years or older, and
- not be otherwise disqualified from voting.
Additionally, nationals of other member states of the European Union must:
- be resident in the Netherlands on the day the candidates are nominated,
- not be disqualified from voting either in the Netherlands or in the Member State in which they are a national, and
- have registered in a municipality declaring that they want to vote in the Netherlands instead of in the home country (by filling out the Y-32 form).
Dutch nationals abroad, as well as in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten have to register to vote for the elections to the European Parliament. When they register, they must say whether they will vote by post, by proxy, or in person at a polling station in the Netherlands.
Dutch nationals living in another EU member state must make a statement that they have not voted in the member state in which they reside, if they want to vote in the Netherlands.
Right to stand as a candidate
In order to stand in the European Parliament election, a candidate must:
- hold either Dutch nationality or the nationality of a Member State of the European Union,
- be at least 18 years of age on the day they would be sworn into the European Parliament, and
- have the right to vote.
Additionally, candidates from other member states of the European Union must:
- be resident in the Netherlands, and
- be able to stand as a candidate in the member state of which they are a national.
Organisation of elections
In elections for the European Parliament, the national electoral districts play no role in the nomination. The Netherlands consists of a single electoral district. Political parties, therefore, take part in the elections with only a single candidate list.
However, the national electoral districts do play an important role in processing the election results. The principal polling station of each constituency determines the vote total of the constituency. The results of the vote are recorded in an official document and transferred to the Electoral Council. The Electoral Council, in its role as the central electoral committee, then determines the result of the Netherlands' distribution of seats.
Casting a vote
A voter could cast their vote at a polling station of their choice within their own district. At the casting their vote, they could identify themselves with an identity document which is considered valid even if it has expired within the last five years.
Participation of political groups
Numbering of the candidates list
The parties which had obtained one or more seats in 2014 at the last election to the European Parliament were given a number based on the number of votes they had received in the previous election. These totalled nine candidate lists. The party with the most votes got number 1 and the rest were listed accordingly. The list numbers for the remaining candidate lists were decided by a lottery.
The official order and names of candidate lists:
|List||English translation||List name (Dutch)|
|1||list||Democrats 66 (D66)||Democraten 66 (D66)|
|2||list||CDA - European People's Party||CDA - Europese Volkspartij|
|3||list||PVV (Party for Freedom)||PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid)|
|5||list||SP (Socialist Party)||SP (Socialistische Partij)|
|6||list||P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten|
|9||list||Party for the Animals||Partij voor de Dieren|
|11||list||Jesus Lives||JEZUS LEEFT|
|13||list||The Greens||De Groenen|
|14||list||Forum for Democracy||Forum voor Democratie|
|15||list||Of the Region & Pirate Party||vandeRegio & Piratenpartij|
|16||list||Volt Netherlands||Volt Nederland|
Parties can form common lists, which means that two or more parties create a single list and stand in the elections as though they were one party. There are two for this election:
|Christian Union-SGP||Christian Union|
|Reformed Political Party|
|From the Region & Pirate Party||Pirate Party|
|From the Region Party|
Traditionally, all elections are held on Wednesday in the Netherlands. However, the European Parliament elections run from Thursday to Sunday across the entire European Union so Thursday was chosen. This is because it is the only day that the Dutch Government believes is appropriate for an election day due to it not being a rest day for any religion. Sunday is not an option because it is a rest day for Christians, while it is the Sabbath on Friday and Saturday.
An exit poll carried out by Ipsos, as well as a forecast of the result produced by GeenPeil and Maurice de Hond based on a part of results collected, indicated that the Labour Party (PvdA) emerged with the most seats, followed by the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) and People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) with four seats each, Forum for Democracy (FvD) and GroenLinks (GL) with three seats and the Democrats 66 (D66) and the Christian Union – Reformed Political Party (CU-SGP) lists with two seats each, with all others on zero or one seat. The result marked the first time the Labour Party had won the most seats of the EU Parliament in the Netherlands since 1984, and the first time it has won the popular vote in a Dutch election since 1998.
|2019 election||23 May 2019||2||4||0||4||0||6||2||3||1||1||0||3||0||0||2|
|Ipsos||20–21 May 2019||2||3||2||5||1||3||2||3||0||0||0||5||–||0||Tie|
|Kantar Public||18–21 May 2019||2||2||1||5||1||5||1||3||1||1||0||4||–||–||Tie|
|Peil.nl||19 May 2019||2||4||1||4–5||1||4||2||2||1||0||0||4–5||0||0||Tie|
|I&O Research||9–14 May 2019||2||3||2||4||1||3||2||3||1||1||–||4||–||0||Tie|
|Ipsos||12–13 May 2019||3||3||2||5||1||3||1||3||0||0||0||5||–||0||Tie|
|Ipsos||26–29 Apr 2019||2||3||2||5||1||2||2||3||1||0||0||5||–||–||Tie|
|I&O Research||19–24 Apr 2019||3||2||1||5||2||3||2||4||0||0||–||4||–||0||1|
|2014 election||22 May 2014||4||5||4||3||2||3||2||2||1||0||–||–||–||0||1|
|2019 election||23 May 2019||7.1%||12.2%||3.5%||14.6%||3.4%||19.0%||6.8%||10.9%||4.0%||3.9%||1.1%||11.0%||1.9%||0.5%||4.4%|
|Ipsos||20–21 May 2019||7.6%||11.5%||7.2%||15.6%||4.5%||10.4%||6.6%||10.3%||3.2%||3.3%||1.8%||14.9%||–||2.9%||0.7%|
|Kantar Public||18–21 May 2019||7.5%||7.9%||5.2%||17.0%||5.8%||15.0%||5.9%||11.0%||4.1%||4.9%||1.2%||13.1%||–||1.4%||2.0%|
|Peil.nl||19 May 2019||7.5%||12.5%||4.0%||15.0%||4.0%||13.0%||8.0%||8.0%||4.5%||3.0%||2.0%||15.0%||2.0%||1.5%||Tie|
|I&O Research||9–14 May 2019||7.1%||9.6%||8.5%||15.5%||4.7%||11.8%||6.6%||12.1%||3.5%||3.3%||–||12.9%||–||1.8%||2.6%|
|Ipsos||12–13 May 2019||8.9%||11.2%||6.2%||16.8%||4.4%||11.1%||5.6%||9.7%||3.7%||3.3%||1.0%||15.5%||–||2.7%||1.3%|
|Ipsos||26–29 Apr 2019||6.5%||9.3%||9.0%||18.1%||5.7%||7.8%||7.1%||9.6%||4.2%||3.5%||1.2%||16.9%||–||–||1.2%|
|I&O Research||19–24 Apr 2019||10.0%||7.8%||5.9%||17.2%||7.7%||9.0%||7.4%||12.7%||2.9%||2.9%||–||14.7%||–||1.7%||2.5%|
|2014 election||22 May 2014||15.5%||15.2%||13.3%||12.0%||9.6%||9.4%||7.7%||7.0%||4.2%||3.7%||–||–||–||2.4%||0.3%|
A total of 13,164,688 people were entitled to vote. Of these 5,519,776 participated in the election. This amounts to a turnout of 41.93%, which is higher than in 2014 (37.32%), and higher than any European Parliament election in the past twenty years.
The electoral quota is the number of votes needed for one seat. It is the total valid number of votes divided by the number of seats. For this election it was 5,497,813 valid votes, divided by 26 seats. The electoral quota was established as 211,454.
Assigning full seats
Full seats are assigned by number of votes divided by the electoral quota. Electoral alliances are marked as a letter, instead of a number. Any seats left over are not yet assigned to a specific party.
|List||List name (English translation)||Number of votes||Electoral quota||Seats|
|2||CDA - European People's Party||669,555||211,454||3|
|3||PVV (Party for Freedom)||194,178||211,454||0|
|4||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||805,100||211,454||3|
|6||P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||1,045,274||211,454||4|
|9||Party for the Animals||220,938||211,454||1|
|14||Forum for Democracy||602,507||211,454||2|
|15||Of the Region & Pirate Party||10,692||211,454||0|
The remaining, or left over, seats are awarded sequentially to the lists with the highest average number of votes per seat. Only lists that reached the electoral quota are eligible.
|List||Remainder seat 1||Remainder seat 2||Remainder seat 3||Remainder seat 4||Remainder seat 5||Remainder seat 6||Remainder seat 7||Remainder seat 8||Total|
- P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats is awarded 2 seats
- VVD is awarded 1 seat
- Forum for Democracy is awarded 1 seat
- GreenLeft is awarded 1 seat
- Democrats 66 (D66) - ALDE is awarded 1 seat
- Christian Union-SGP is awarded 1 seat
- CDA - European People's Party is awarded 1 seat
|List||English translation||List name (Dutch)||EU Party||EP Group|
|list||P.v.d.A./European Social Democrats||P.v.d.A./Europese Sociaaldemocraten||PES||S&D||1,045,274||19.01||9.61||
6 / 26
6 / 29
4 / 26
5 / 29
|list||CDA - European People's Party||CDA - Europese Volkspartij||EPP||EPP||669,555||12.18||3.00||
4 / 26
4 / 29
|list||Forum for Democracy||Forum voor Democratie||none||ECR||602,507||10.96||New||
3 / 26
4 / 29
3 / 26
3 / 29
|list||Democrats 66 (D66) - ALDE||Democraten 66 (D66) - ALDE||ALDE||RE||389,692||7.09||8.39||
2 / 26
2 / 29
|list||Christian Union-SGP||ChristenUnie–SGP||ECPM||EPP / ECR||375,660||6.83||0.84||
2 / 26
2 / 29
|list||Party for the Animals||Partij voor de Dieren||APEU||EUL/NGL||220,938||4.02||0.19||
1 / 26
1 / 29
1 / 26
1 / 29
|list||PVV (Party for Freedom)||PVV (Partij voor de Vrijheid)||none||ID||194,178||3.53||9.79||
0 / 26
1 / 29
|list||SP (Socialist Party)||SP (Socialistische Partij)||none||EUL/NGL||185,224||3.37||6.27||
0 / 26
0 / 29
|list||Volt Netherlands||Volt Nederland||Volt||Greens-EFA||106,004||1.93||New||
0 / 26
0 / 29
0 / 26
0 / 29
|list||Of the Region & Pirate Party||vandeRegio & Piratenpartij||PIRATES||Greens-EFA||10,692||0.19||0.66||
0 / 26
0 / 29
|list||The Greens||De Groenen||EGP||Greens-EFA||9,546||0.17||0.06||
0 / 26
0 / 29
|list||Jesus Lives||Jezus Leeft||8,292||0.15||0.05||
0 / 26
0 / 29
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||13,164,688||41.93||4.61|
|European group||Seats 2014||Seats 2019||Change||Seats
|Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats||S&D||3||6||3||6||0|
|European People's Party||EPP||5||6||1||6||0|
|European Conservatives and Reformists||ECR||2||4||2||5||1|
|The Greens–European Free Alliance||Greens-EFA||2||3||1||3||0|
|European United Left–Nordic Green Left||EUL-NGL||3||1||2||1||0|
|Identity and Democracy||ID||4||0||4||1||1|
36 members were directly elected by preference votes. Not all candidates could be appointed because either the party did not get enough seats, or it got no seats.
Below are all the elected members of European parliament for the Netherlands. The following 26 MEPs were officially announced by the Central Electoral Commission. Members elected by preference votes are in bold.
- Frans Timmermans, by 839,240 votes
- Agnes Jongerius, by 109,987 votes
- Kati Piri, by 29,475 votes
- Paul Tang, by 8,497 votes
- Vera Tax, by 12,760 votes
- Mohammed Chahim, by 2,825 votes
- Malik Azmani, by 365,155 votes
- Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn, by 163,279 votes
- Jan Huitema, by 115,738 votes
- Liesje Schreinemacher, by 37,519 votes
- Esther de Lange, by 402,975 votes
- Annie Schreijer-Pierik, by 113,914 votes
- Jeroen Lenaers, by 50,121 votes
- Tom Berendsen, by 28,579 votes
- Anja Hazekamp, by 136,224 votes
- Toine Manders, by 127,228 votes
Members not elected, but enough preference votes:
- D66 - Raoul Boucke, by 22,500 votes
- VVD - Bart Groothuis, by 21,353 votes
- Christian Union-SGP - Anja Haga, by 37,813 votes
- GreenLeft - Sabine Klok, by 26,949 votes
- GreenLeft - Eline van Nistelrooij, by 26,250 votes
- 50PLUS - Emmy van der Kleij, by 24,723 votes
- PVV - Geert Wilders, by 83,448 votes
- PVV - Marcel de Graaff, by 81,073 votes
- SP - Arnout Hoekstra, by 93,809 votes
- SP - Jannie Visscher, by 35,498 votes
- DENK - Ayhan Tonca, by 25,302 votes
- Volt Netherlands - Reinier van Lanschot, by 51,621 votes
- Volt Netherlands - Nilüfer Vogels, by 21,951 votes
MEPs in 2019–2024
Below is a list of members of the European Parliament for the period 2019–2024 as a result of this election.
- 23 May: Election for the European Parliament in the Netherlands.
- 6 June: Forum for Democracy joins the ECR Group.
- 11 June: The election committee elecs Rob Rooken for the empty seat of Thierry Baudet in the European Parliament, because Thierry Baudet did not accept the seat. He has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 12 June: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group (ALDE group) becomes Renew Europe.
- 12 June: Europe of Nations and Freedom (ENF Group) becomes Identity and Democracy.
- 19 June: The Christen Union leaves the ECR group and wants to join the EPP group.
- 19 June: 50PLUS joins the EPP group.
- 2 July: Beginning of the 9th European Parliament session (2019–2024).
- 2 July: Frans Timmermans from the Labour Party did not accept his seat.
- 8 July: The election committee elecs Lara Wolters for the empty seat of Frans Timmermans in the European Parliament, because Frans Timmermans did not accept the seat. She has 28 days to accept or reject.
- 9 July: Lara Wolters is installed in the European Parliament as a replacement for Frans Timmermans of the Labour Party.
|Name||Sex||National party||Group||Period||Preference vote|
|Malik Azmani||Male||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||RE||2 July 2019 – Present||365,155|
|Tom Berendsen||Male||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||2 July 2019 – Present||28,579|
|Mohammed Chahim||Male||Labour Party||S&D||2 July 2019 – Present||2,825|
|Peter van Dalen||Male||Christian Union||EPP||14 July 2009 – Present||240,459|
|Bas Eickhout||Male||GroenLinks||G–EFA||14 July 2009 – Present||263,034|
|Derk Jan Eppink||Male||Forum for Democracy||ECR||14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014
2 July 2019 – Present
|Anja Hazekamp||Female||Party for the Animals||EUL–NGL||1 July 2014 – Present||136,224|
|Jan Huitema||Male||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||RE||1 July 2014 – Present||115,738|
|Agnes Jongerius||Female||Labour Party||S&D||1 July 2014 – Present||109,987|
|Esther de Lange||Female||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||1 April 2007 – Present||402,975|
|Jeroen Lenaers||Male||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||1 July 2014 – Present||50,121|
|Toine Manders||Male||50PLUS||EPP||20 July 1999 – 1 July 2014
2 July 2019 – Present
|Caroline Nagtegaal-van Doorn||Female||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||RE||14 November 2017 – Present||163,279|
|Kati Piri||Female||Labour Party||S&D||1 July 2014 – Present||29,475|
|Samira Rafaela||Female||Democrats 66||RE||2 July 2019 – Present||32,510|
|Rob Roos||Male||Forum for Democracy||ECR||2 July 2019 – Present||41,323|
|Rob Rooken||Male||Forum for Democracy||ECR||2 July 2019 – Present||10,143|
|Bert-Jan Ruissen||Male||Reformed Political Party||ECR||2 July 2019 – Present||44,416|
|Annie Schreijer-Pierik||Female||Christian Democratic Appeal||EPP||1 July 2014 – Present||113,914|
|Liesje Schreinemacher||Female||People's Party for Freedom and Democracy||RE||2 July 2019 – Present||37,519|
|Kim van Sparrentak||Female||GroenLinks||G–EFA||2 July 2019 – Present||32,505|
|Tineke Strik||Female||GroenLinks||G–EFA||2 July 2019 – Present||149,628|
|Paul Tang||Male||Labour Party||S&D||1 July 2014 – Present||8,497|
|Vera Tax||Female||Labour Party||S&D||2 July 2019 – Present||12,760|
|Sophie in 't Veld||Female||Democrats 66||RE||20 July 2004 – Present||248,383|
|Lara Wolters||Female||Labour Party||S&D||9 July 2019 – Present||4,888|
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