2020 Bolivian general election

General elections were held in Bolivia on 18 October 2020 for President, Vice-President, and all seats in both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies.[1] Luis Arce of the Movement for Socialism (MAS) party was elected president in a landslide,[2][3][4] winning 55% of the vote and securing majorities in both chambers of the Plurinational Legislative Assembly. The results of the election superseded the disputed results of the October 2019 elections, which were annulled during a prolonged political crisis.

2020 Bolivian general election

 2019 18 October 2020 2025 
Turnout88.42% (0.11pp)
Presidential election
 
Nominee Luis Arce Carlos Mesa Luis Fernando Camacho
Party MAS-IPSP FRI Independent
Alliance CC[lower-alpha 1] Creemos[lower-alpha 2]
Running mate David Choquehuanca Gustavo Pedraza Marco Pumari
Popular vote 3,393,978 1,775,943 862,184
Percentage 55.10% 28.83% 14.00%

Results by department (left) and municipality (right)

President before election

Jeanine Áñez
MDS

Elected President

Luis Arce
MAS-IPSP

Legislative election

All 36 seats in the Chamber of Senators
All 130 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
Party Seats +/–
Chamber of Senators
MAS-IPSP 21 0
Civic Community 11 -3
Creemos 4 New
Chamber of Deputies
MAS-IPSP 75 +8
Civic Community 39 -11
Creemos 16 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.

Although the winning party received a higher proportion of the vote in 2020 than in the previous annulled elections, for the first time since 2009 the winning party did not have a two-thirds majority in the Legislative Assembly, meaning that some functions would require cross-party support.[5] For the first time, the Senate will contain a majority of female senators.[6] Electoral authorities had initially scheduled the elections for 3 May 2020.[7] They were postponed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic,[8] first to 6 September 2020 and then to 18 October 2020. The latter date was ratified by a 13 August 2020 law following protests and blockades against the previous postponements.[9]

The parties or alliances contesting the election were the Movement for Socialism (MAS-IPSP), which governed before 2019, Civic Community (CC), the newly formed Creemos (Let's create, We believe) alliance, the Front for Victory, and the National Action Party (PAN-BOL). Presidential candidates Carlos Mesa (CC) and Chi Hyun Chung (FPV) were the second and third-place finishers, respectively, in the annulled 2019 presidential election. Luis Arce was the MAS candidate, replacing former MAS president Evo Morales. Feliciano Mamani replaced Ruth Nina as candidate for PAN-BOL. Interim president Jeanine Áñez, former president Jorge Quiroga, and María de la Cruz Bayá all launched presidential candidacies, but withdrew before the election was held.

The official count took several days to complete. Independent quick-counts of the vote conducted by polling firms Ciesmori and Mi Voto Cuenta (My Vote Counts) on the morning of 19 October both indicated that Arce had won a majority of the vote, enough to win the election outright without requiring a runoff round.[10][11] Interim President Áñez confirmed this on Twitter shortly after,[12] and runner-up Mesa and former president Quiroga both indicated their acceptance of the preliminary results later that day.[13][14] Official observers from the UN, UNIORE, and the OAS all stated that there was no evidence of fraud in the 2020 election.[15]


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