2020 Slovak parliamentary election


Parliamentary elections were held in Slovakia on 29 February 2020. All 150 members of the National Council were elected and the leader of the resultant government party or coalition will become the Prime Minister.

Slovak parliamentary election 2020

 2016 29 February 2020

All 150 seats in the National Council
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout2,916,840 (65.80%)
5.98 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Igor Matovič Peter Pellegrini Boris Kollár
Party OĽaNO Smer–SD We Are Family
Leader since 2011 2018 2015
Last election 19 seats, 11.0% 49 seats, 28.3% 11 seats, 6.6%
Seats won 53 38 17
Seat change 34 11 6
Popular vote 720,723 526,889 237,398
Percentage 25.0% 18.3% 8.2%
Swing 14.0 pp 10.0 pp 1.6 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Marian Kotleba Richard Sulík Andrej Kiska
Party ĽSNS SaS For the People
Leader since 2010 2009 2019
Last election 14 seats, 8.0% 21 seats, 12.1% New party
Seats won 17 13 12
Seat change 3 8 12
Popular vote 229,581 179,103 166,209
Percentage 8.0% 6.3% 5.8%
Swing 0.0 pp 5.8 pp 5.8 pp

Results of the election, showing vote strength by district.

Prime Minister before election

Peter Pellegrini
Smer–SD

Prime Minister

Igor Matovič
OĽaNO

The ruling coalition comprising Direction – Social Democracy (Smer–SD), the Slovak National Party and Most–Híd led by Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini of Smer–SD was defeated by the anti-corruption party Ordinary People led by Igor Matovič. However, as no single party or electoral coalition attained an absolute majority of seats, a post-election coalition was required to form a government.[1][2][3][4] It was the first time since the 2006 election that Smer–SD did not emerge as the party with the most seats in the National Council. On 13 March, Matovič announced he had reached an agreement for a governing coalition with We Are Family, Freedom and Solidarity and For the People, though they had not agreed upon a common governing program.

Background

Smer–SD won a plurality of seats in the 2016 election and formed a coalition government with nationalist Slovak National Party, inter-ethnic Most-Híd and centre-right Network. Incumbent prime minister Robert Fico remained in office[5] until 2018 when Peter Pellegrini took over.

The 2019 European Parliament election in Slovakia[6] took place on 25 May 2019.

Electoral system

The 150 members of the National Council will be elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 5% for single parties, and 7% for coalition groupings with at least two parties. The elections use the open list system, with seats allocated using the Hagenbach-Bischoff system. Voters will be able to cast up to four preferential votes for candidates on the list of the party they voted for.[7]

All participating parties must register 90 days before election day and pay a deposit of €17,000, which will be refunded to all parties gaining 3% or more of the vote. All Slovak citizens are allowed to vote except for convicted felons in prison (only those who were convicted for serious offences), people declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court and citizens under 18 years of age. All citizens, who are 21 years of age or older and are permanent residents of Slovakia, are allowed to run as candidates except for prisoners, convicted felons and those declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court.[8]

Voters not present in their electoral district at the time of the elections are allowed to request a voting certificate (voličský preukaz), which allows them to vote in any district regardless of their residency.[9] Voters abroad on election day are allowed to request a postal vote.[10] According to the Central Election Committee approx. 20,000 Slovak citizens abroad have requested a postal vote during the last election. The deadline for requests passed on 10 January 2020.

Leadership changes

The Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) and Party of the Hungarian Community (SMK-MKP) were two parties which couldn't pass the 5 percent threshold to the parliament in 2016 but further gained more than 4% (KDH got 4,9 percent, while SMK-MKP got 4,1 percent). KDH lost all of its 16 seats while SMK-MKP haven't gained any. Leader of the KDH, Ján Figeľ, announced his resignation few days after 2016 election. He was then replaced by Alojz Hlina on 11 June 2016.[11] Leadership of the SMK-MKP, which was led by József Berényi, was taken over by József Menyhárt on 11 June 2016.[12]

On 12 August 2016, incumbent leader of coalition party Network (SIEŤ), Radoslav Procházka, announced that he had no further intention to lead his party after a disastrous result in the election. A day later on 13 August at the party convention, it was decided that the new leader of the party would be Roman Brecely, his fellow party member and incumbent minister of transportation. He was the only candidate to stand up for the post although he didn't intend to run for the office.[13]

On 15 March 2018, Robert Fico announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Slovakia which the President Andrej Kiska accepted. Peter Pellegrini, currently Deputy Prime Minister for Investment & Informatization, has become the new Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic. Fico has remained the leader of Smer–SD, and kept his parliamentary mandate. Pellegrini's cabinet was appointed on 22 March 2018.

Opinion polls

30 day average trend line (15 day average from 2016-03-05, 30 days before 2023 election) of Slovak polls towards the election in 2020, each line corresponds to a political party.

Results

The ruling coalition comprising Direction – Social Democracy (Smer–SD), the Slovak National Party and Most–Híd led by Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini of Smer–SD was defeated by the anti-corruption party Ordinary People led by Igor Matovič. However, as no single party or electoral coalition attained an absolute majority of seats, a post-election coalition will be required to form a government.[14][15][16][17] It is likely to consist of at least the three centre-right and moderate conservative parties: Ordinary People, Freedom and Solidarity and For the People - which would together hold a total of 78 seats, but may also include the right-wing We Are Family party - which would expand the potential coalition's support to a constitutional majority total of 95 seats.[18] This election was also the first time since the 2006 election that Smer–SD did not emerge as the party with the most seats in the National Council. The coalition of Progressive Slovakia and SPOLU failed to meet the 7% threshold for coalitions to enter parliament by only 926 votes, surprising analysts, as they had been several percentage points above the threshold required in opinion polls as recently as a few days before the election, and polled above the threshold in exit polls taken on election day. The coalition submitted an electoral complaint with the Constitutional Court on 12 March seeking a recount, although they did not have any expectation it would significantly change the results, and only did so in order to clear doubts about the democratic process.[19]

Results of the election, showing vote strength for each party by district.
Party Votes % Swing Seats +/–
OĽANONOVA–KU–ZMENA ZDOLA721,16625.02+13.9953+34
Direction – Social Democracy527,17218.29–9.9938–11
We Are Family237,5318.24+1.6117+6
Kotlebists – People's Party Our Slovakia229,6607.97–0.0717+3
Progressive SlovakiaSPOLU200,7806.96New0New
Freedom and Solidarity179,2466.22–5.8813–8
For the People166,3255.77New12New
Christian Democratic Movement134,0994.65–0.2900
Party of the Hungarian Community112,6623.90–0.1500
Slovak National Party91,1713.16–5.480–15
Good Choice88,2203.06New0New
HOMELAND84,5072.93New0New
Most–Híd59,1742.05–4.450–11
Socialisti.sk15,9250.55New0New
WE HAVE HAD ENOUGH!9,2600.32New0New
Andrej Hlinka's Slovak People's Party8,1910.28New0New
Democratic Party4,1940.14–0.1300
Solidarity – Working Poverty Movement3,2960.11New0New
Mayors and Independents2,0180.07New0New
Slovak Revival Movement1,9660.06New0New
Voice of the Right1,8870.06New0New
Labour of Slovak Nation1,2610.04New0New
99 Percent – Civic Voice9910.03New0New
Slovak League8090.02New0New
Invalid/blank votes35,329
Total2,916,84010001500
Registered voters/turnout4,432,41965.80
Source: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic
Popular vote
OĽANO–NOVA
25.02%
SMER–SD
18.29%
RODINA
8.24%
KOTLEBA–ĽSNS
7.97%
PS-SPOLU
6.96%
SaS
6.22%
ZA ĽUDÍ
5.77%
Other
21.53%
National Council seats
OĽANO–NOVA
35.33%
SMER–SD
25.33%
RODINA
11.33%
KOTLEBA–ĽSNS
11.33%
SaS
8.67%
ZA ĽUDÍ
8.00%


Government formation

On 4 March, Matovič was tasked by president Čaputová to form a new government.[20] On 13 March, Matovič announced he had reached an agreement for a governing coalition with We Are Family, Freedom and Solidarity and For the People, though they had not agreed upon a common governing program. He has not disclosed his picks for the new cabinet, which are due to President Caputova on 14 March, but said that OĽaNO would retain the finance ministry and Richard Sulík, the leader of Freedom and Solidarity, would be economy minister.[21]

References

  1. "Anti-corruption party wins Slovakia election". BBC News. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  2. France-Presse, Agence (1 March 2020). "Slovakia election: seismic shift as public anger ousts dominant Smer-SD party". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. "Slovakia's anti-corruption opposition party wins election". euronews. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  4. Mortkowitz, Siegfried (29 February 2020). "Anti-corruption opposition wins Slovakia election". POLITICO. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  5. "New Slovak Government and Posts". Nový Čas. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  6. "Voľby do Európskeho parlamentu". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  7. "Slovakia Národná rada (National Council) Electoral System". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  8. "Prieskum: Voľby by vyhral Smer, OĽaNO-NOVA mimo parlamentu". Pravda (in Slovak). 9 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  9. "Hlasovací preukaz, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  10. "Voľba poštou, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  11. "Alojz Hlina is the new leader of KDH". Aktuality. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  12. "József Menyhárt is the new leader of SMK-MKP". TVNoviny. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  13. "Roman Brecely is the new leader of Network (SIEŤ) coalition party, he was only candidate". TA3. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  14. "Anti-corruption party wins Slovakia election". BBC News. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  15. France-Presse, Agence (1 March 2020). "Slovakia election: seismic shift as public anger ousts dominant Smer-SD party". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  16. "Slovakia's anti-corruption opposition party wins election". euronews. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  17. Mortkowitz, Siegfried (29 February 2020). "Anti-corruption opposition wins Slovakia election". POLITICO. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  18. "Election 2020: Matovič's government with Kollár will be more stable, says political scientist Abrahám". Topky (in Slovak). Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  19. Francelová, Nina Hrabovská (12 March 2020). "PS/Spolu has submitted an election complaint. What are the odds the results might change?". The Slovak Spectator. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  20. Slovak President Asks Corruption Fighter to Form New Government
  21. "Slovak election winner secures four-party coalition with cabinet deal". Reuters. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.