2021 London mayoral election


The 2021 London mayoral election was held on 6 May 2021 to elect the mayor of London. It was held simultaneously with elections for the London Assembly, other local elections across England and Wales, and devolved elections in Scotland and Wales. The mayoral and Assembly elections were to be held on 7 May 2020, but in March 2020 the government announced the election would be postponed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

2021 London mayoral election

 2016 6 May 2021 (2021-05-06) 2024 
Turnout42.2% 3.1%
 
Candidate Sadiq Khan Shaun Bailey Siân Berry
Party Labour Conservative Green
First round vote 1,013,721 893,051 197,976
Percentage 40.0% 35.3% 7.8%
Second round vote 1,206,034 977,601 Eliminated
Percentage 55.2% 44.8% Eliminated

Results of the first round of the London mayoral election, 2021 according to constituencies:
  Sadiq Khan (Labour)
  Shaun Bailey (Conservative)

Mayor before election

Sadiq Khan
Labour

Elected Mayor

Sadiq Khan
Labour

Sadiq Khan was re-selected as the Labour candidate in 2018, the Conservative Party selected Shaun Bailey and the Green Party chose Siân Berry. Rory Stewart, a former Conservative MP and minister, ran as an independent before withdrawing due to the delay in the election. Siobhan Benita, who had been the Liberal Democrat candidate, also withdrew after the election delay. She was replaced as the party's candidate by Luisa Porritt. Twenty candidates appeared on the ballot, more than in any previous election for the position.

Sadiq Khan of the Labour Party was re-elected, winning 40% of first preference votes and 55% in a run-off against Bailey.

Background


The mayor of London has responsibilities covering policing, transport, housing, planning, economic development, arts, culture and the environment. They control a budget of around £17 billion per year.[1] Mayors are typically elected for a period of four years, with no limit to the number of terms served.[2] Under the Greater London Authority Act 1999, mayoral elections are held on the first Thursday in May in the fourth calendar year following the previous election, unless varied by an order by the Secretary of State. On 13 March 2020, the government announced the election would be postponed until 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[3] The change in election date will be ignored when calculating the four-yearly election cycle. Consequenly, the following election will be held in 2024. The mayor elected in 2021 will serve a reduced term of three years.[4] The incumbent mayor, Sadiq Khan, a member of the Labour Party, was elected in the 2016 election, when he defeated the Conservative candidate, Zac Goldsmith.

In the 2018 local elections across Greater London the Labour Party increased its number of council seats to the highest level since 1978. The Liberal Democrats and the Green Party also gained seats. In the 2019 European Parliament elections, the Liberal Democrats came first in London. They won the most votes in the London region with 27%, returning three Members of European Parliament (MEPs), the party's best ever result. The Labour Party came second, with 24% of the vote, losing two seats to end up with two MEPs.[5] The Brexit Party returned two MEPs and the Green Party won 12.5% of the vote, holding its one seat. The Conservative Party failed to get a single MEP elected in London for the first time in the party's history. In the 2019 general election, there was no net change in the number of seats for any party, although several seats changed hands. The biggest changes in vote share were for Labour, who saw a fall of 6.5%, and the Liberal Democrats, who were up 6.1%, compared to the previous 2017 general election.

Electoral system


The election used a supplementary vote system, in which voters express a first and a second preference for candidates.[6]

  • If a candidate receives more than 50% of the first preference vote, that candidate wins
  • If no candidate receives more than 50% of first preference votes, the top two candidates proceed to a second round and all other candidates are eliminated
  • The first preference votes for the remaining two candidates stand in the final count
  • Voters' ballots whose first and second preference candidates have both been eliminated are discarded
  • Voters whose first preference candidates have been eliminated and whose second preference candidate is one of the top two have their second preference votes added to that candidate's count

This means that the winning candidate has the support of a majority of voters who expressed a preference among the top two.[7] The 2021 election is planned to be the last conducted using the supplementary vote system; in March 2021, the Government indicated its plan to change the voting system to first past the post from 2024.[8]

All registered electors (British, Irish, Commonwealth and European Union citizens) living in London aged 18 or over were entitled to vote in the mayoral election. Those who were temporarily away from London at the time of the election (for example, away working, on holiday, in student accommodation or in hospital) were also entitled to vote in the mayoral election. The deadline to register to vote in the election was 11:59pm, 19 April 2021.[9]

Mayoral candidates require 66 signatures of people on the electoral register in London supporting the nomination, 2 from each of the 32 London boroughs and 2 from the City of London, and must give a deposit of £10,000 (returned if they get more than 5% in the election). The required number of signatures was lowered from 330 to reduce person-to-person contact during the COVID-19 pandemic.[10][11]

Due to measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic, the count was not completed until Sunday 9th May.[12]

Campaign


Before the delay (2018–2020)

Rory Stewart, a former Conservative MP and minister, started a campaign as an independent before withdrawing after the election was postponed

The incumbent mayor Sadiq Khan announced in June 2018 that he intended to stand for re-election.[13] Later that year, he received enough nominations from local party groups and trade unions affiliated to the Labour Party that he was automatically re-selected to be the party's candidate.[14][15] His re-selection followed speculation that a figure from the left wing of his party could challenge him for the candidacy. This speculation followed disagreements about the "direction of the party" between Khan and Jeremy Corbyn, who was the leader of the party nationally at the time.[14] Khan announced in early 2020 that part of his election platform would be to deliver a "green new deal for the city". This would include making London carbon neutral by 2030 and opposing building a third runway at Heathrow Airport.[16]

The Conservative Party selected Shaun Bailey as its candidate in September 2018. In his selection campaign, he emphasised fighting crime. This included "maximising" CCTV coverage of London as an alternative to increasing the number of police officers and giving automatic jail terms for acid attacks.[17][18] In the weeks after his selection, Bailey was criticised for sharing an Islamophobic tweet attacking Sadiq Khan.[19] He was also criticised for controversial views he had published earlier in his career about multiculturalism, Islam and Hinduism.[20] He will be the first Conservative mayoral candidate to also stand in the London Assembly election at the same time.[21]

The Green Party chose Siân Berry as their candidate in February 2019. She had been their mayoral candidate in the 2008 and 2016 elections and had served as co-leader of the party since 2018.[22] She launched her campaign with a focus on housing, calling for a "people's land bank" which would let communities bring empty buildings and land back into use.[23][24]

Siobhan Benita was selected as the Liberal Democrat candidate in November 2018.[25][26] Benita had run as an independent candidate in the 2012 London mayoral election. She had come in fifth with 3.8% of first preference votes, while the fourth-placed Liberal Democrat candidate Brian Paddick received 4.2%. Benita criticised Khan's action on knife crime in London.[27] She formally launched her campaign for the London mayoral election on 13 February 2020. She said she wants to legalise cannabis in London. This would reduce levels of knife crime, she said, by removing power and money from gangs and freeing up police time. She also pledged to reduce violent crime in general and reopen closed police stations. On the environment, she said she would reduce air pollution and declared an aim to "reach zero-carbon" by 2030.[28][29]

The former UK Independence Party (UKIP) leader Nigel Farage said in August 2018 that he was considering running as the UKIP candidate. He said that he would be more successful than the Conservatives.[30] He left UKIP in December 2018 and became the leader of the Brexit Party in March 2019.[31][32]

On 4 October 2019, Rory Stewart announced he was standing as an independent candidate for the London mayoralty.[33] At the time he was sitting as an independent MP. He had been a Conservative MP and came fifth in the 2019 Conservative Party leadership election. He was then expelled from their Parliamentary group due to his opposition to a "no deal" Brexit.[34] He left the House of Commons when he did not contest a seat in the December 2019 general election.[33] In February, he asked for people to sign up for him to stay on their sofa for a night so that he could listen to their concerns.[35]

After postponement (2020–2021)

On 13 March 2020, the election was delayed to May 2021 due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Other local elections in England were also delayed.[36] Stewart withdrew from the campaign in May 2020, saying the delay in the election meant it was impractical to sustain a campaign as an independent. He chose not to endorse any other candidate.[37] In July 2020, Benita withdrew from the campaign; she also cited the financial difficulties of sustaining her candidacy.[38] The Liberal Democrats selected Luisa Porritt as their new candidate on 13 October 2020. She called for a curfew on bars and restaurants that was in place as part of pandemic restrictions to be removed.[39]

Following the first COVID-19 lockdown, the United Kingdom saw a sharp fall in public transport use. This led to the government giving Transport for London (TfL) a bailout of £1.6 billion.[40] The national government made the bailout conditional on the London government raising fees on the service, increasing the London congestion charge, ending free bus travel for the young and suspending free travel at certain times for over-60s.[41] Bailey accused Khan of raising the congestion charge, which Full Fact said was inaccurate.[42] The bailout contributed to concern that Boris Johnson's Conservative government wanted to intrude on the mayor's authority.[43] Later in 2020, the housing minister Robert Jenrick sent a letter to Khan which said that the council housing programme and the balloting of council housing estates on any estate changes put into the new 2020 London plan should be dropped. The letter also criticised Khan's proposal for rent controls.[44] On 24 October, Khan wrote on the LabourList blog that he wouldn't support the proposals from the government.[45]

In December 2020, Bailey published leaflets with City Hall branded claiming that Khan was raising council taxes by 21.2%. Lawyers for the Labour Party referred the matter to the Crown Prosecution Service, saying that the leaflets were illegally fraudulent under the Representation of the People Act 1983.[46][47] In February 2021 The Guardian reported that nearly 40% of donations to Bailey's campaign had come from the businessman Michael Ashcroft.[48]

Tensions arose in some cases around campaigning under lockdown restrictions. On 24 January 2021, Rose and six of his staff were fined by the police for breaking lockdown rules while filming promotional material for his campaign.[49] That month, the government said that door-to-door campaigning or leafleting by individual party activists was not allowed under COVID-19 lockdown restrictions.[50] In February, Rose was stopped by police while canvassing who told him it was not allowed under COVID-19 lockdown restrictions. Rose complained the restrictions prevented him from competing with larger political parties.[51] In March, police visited the Reclaim Party candidate Laurence Fox to warn him about coronavirus regulations.[52]

The Times reported that officials in the Conservative Party had twice tried to remove Bailey as their candidate, but had decided not to as they couldn't find a "credible alternative".[53]

Policy and the short campaign (March 2021 – May 2021)

The official Statement of Persons Nominated was published on 31 March. Twenty candidates will appear on the ballot, significantly more than in any previous election for the position.[54]

A number of debates were broadcast. In late April, Khan, Bailey, Berry and Porritt took part in a debate hosted by the BBC[55] and another hosted by ITV.[56]

Sadiq Khan

On 5 March, Khan launched his campaign for re-election in a café which had received business support from City Hall, including having raised money through a business support scheme Khan had introduced. He announced a programme for his prospective second term focused on economic recovery and employment following the COVID-19 pandemic. This included investing in the West End to attract tourism and supporting people who had lost their jobs to find new work.[57] He also said he would make it easier for businesses to access support.[58] The launch was protested by six residents opposed to a low traffic neighbourhood that Enfield London Borough Council had implemented.[59] He later said he would "kickstart London's sporting economy". This would include seeking for Indian Premier League matches to take place in London.[60] In May, he promised to examine a sustanability-focused bid for London to host the Olympic Games in 2036 or 2040.[61]

On transport and the environment, Khan expressed support for the use of low traffic neighbourhoods and said that roads should be used by "blue light services, to electricians, to plumbers, to commercial drivers, to taxis, to those that need to use our roads—delivery drivers and so forth—rather than individuals that could be walking, cycling and using public transport."[62] He said that if re-elected, he would seek government funding to accelerate TfL's transition to zero-emission buses, so that the move would be complete by 2030 rather than 2037.[63] He also promised to expand the availability of 4G on the London Underground.[64] On 22 April, Khan said he was giving his second preference to Berry and asked his supporters to do the same.[65]

On housing, he set a target of 10,000 new council homes and said he would build more on TfL land. He further said that he would explore options including a fund to allow councils to buy back former council houses, supporting a new factory for off-site construction, and starting a Greater London Authority-owned company to build affordable homes directly.[66] On crime, Khan said he would continue to seek government funding for 6,000 more police officers in London and provide more technology funding to the Metropolitan Police.[67] He also promised to launch an independent commission of experts to study the effects that decriminalising cannabis.[68]

He was endorsed by singer Dua Lipa.[69]

Shaun Bailey

On 4 March, Bailey claimed that Khan had failed to meet more than half of his 2016 election promises. He said that, if elected, he would start a "London-wide campaign" against litter to remind people to use bins.[70][71] During a debate on 20 April, he said he would ban Quds Day marches in London.[72] His manifesto proposed an annual festival in the city based on the Edinburgh Festival Fringe.[73]

On transport and the environment, Bailey said he would seek corporate sponsors for London Underground stations to raise money, and start a new bank to finance transport projects, including 4G access on the London Underground.[73][74] He said he would offer interest-free loans to black cab drivers to pay for 10% of the cost of an electric vehicle, and promised to make TfL's bus fleet zero-emission by 2025.[73] He said that if elected, he would hold a competition to design murals for the city.[75] He also pledged to plant half a million new trees.[76] On tax and the economy, Bailey said he would lobby the government to allow the Greater London Authority to keep the full amount of business rates paid, rather than 75%.[73] He also proposed the establishment of an infrastructure bank to raise private finance for infrastructure probjects, including making repairs to Hammersmith Bridge.[76]

On housing, he said he would start a Greater London Authority-owned company called Housing for London to build houses. He also said he would make beauty an important planning criterion and build 100,000 shared ownership homes which people could buy a share in for £5,000.[73] On crime, Bailey said he would hire 8,000 more police officers and reopen dozens of police stations.[67] He would introduce a fund to help former prisoners get qualifications.[76] He also promised to install a CCTV camera on every bus stop.[77] On 19 April, Bailey said that, if elected, he would "visibly make a difference" to crime in the first hundred days by increasing police patrols and "boost" usage of stop-and-search.[78] He also promised to open a new youth centre in every borough and hire 4,000 youth workers.[74] He said he would require large employers to subject their staff to drug tests and publish league tables of companies with the most and least drug use.[73]

The billionaire property developer Nick Candy led a fundraising campaign for Bailey.[79]

Siân Berry

In February 2021, Berry said she would focus on LGBT rights. This included making London the most "trans-inclusive city in the world" and protecting LGBT spaces.[80] In an interview in March, she proposed a voluntary increase in the London living wage amongst accredited employers to £14 an hour. She also said she would improve London's bus stops, reduce speed limits with the goal of no road deaths, put more toilets in London Underground stations, and close London City Airport to build houses on the site.[76][81][82] Berry published her manifesto in April, which included plans to establish a fund to introduce repair centres and a Library of Things in each borough.[83]

On transport and the environment, Berry supported the expansion of 4G access across the London Underground.[74] She promised to merge TfL fare zones with the eventual goal of reaching a single fare zone for the entire city.[76] Her manifesto included a proposal to extend London's Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) to cover the entire city, and a goal to cut traffic in terms of the number of miles travelled by 40% by 2026.[82] She would also implement a pay-as-you-go road pricing scheme.[84] She also promised to end the use of incineration and landfill, making London a zero waste city by 2030.[76] She promised to "gold plate" the green belt to prevent development, and instead plant new woodlands and increase food production on green belt land.[84] She said the next mayor should take direct control of Oxford Street and Kensington High Street to stop local councils blocking cycling schemes and part-pedestrianisation.[85]

On housing, she said she would start a commission to reduce private rent.[84] On tax and the economy, she proposed a "Creative Autonomy Allowance" scheme whereby 1,000 young artists and entrepreneurs would be paid a monthly income for three years to support the start of their careers.[86] On crime, Berry pledged to reduce the number of murders in the city to zero in ten years by investing in preventative measures.[87][88] She said that violence could be reduced by reallocating police resources away from minor drug offences and large presences at protests.[89] She said she would introduce a target for an even gender balance amongst new Metropolitan Police recruits.[76] She also supported the introduction of supervised injection sites.[90]

Luisa Porritt

When she was selected, Porritt said that if elected she would use empty office buildings for housing and revive town centres in the suburbs. She said that low traffic neighbourhood plans and the introduction of cycle lanes were being rushed and "a good idea being done the wrong way".[39] In March 2021, she formally launched her campaign. She pledged to diversify high streets away from shops and towards services and start a "London Housing Company" to convert empty buildings and build new housing.[91][92] She also proposed a trial of a universal basic income for the city.[76]

On transport and the environment, Porritt said she would make the city's rental bicycles free on Sundays for a year, and increase the area covered by rental bicycles to Lewisham and Greenwich.[75][93] Porritt questioned Khan's environmentalism given his support for the Silvertown Tunnel project, which she called his "dirty little secret".[94] She proposed a road pricing policy to replace the ULEZ, congestion charged and proposed boundary charge. The pay-as-you-go scheme would work by charging drivers based on "the number of journeys you make, the distance travelled, the type of vehicle you have, the level of emissions that produces", and its proceeds would go towards TfL's funding.[95] Her proposals also included establishing ten new parks and including a green roof on all new buildings.[76] On housing, she said she would focus on giving young people access to shelter throughout the year in a bid to end homelessness.[76]

On crime, she said she would double the number of police officers assigned to each ward and investigate reopening thirty police stations.[76] She said she would "effectively legalise cannabis by encouraging the Met Police not to prosecute cannabis crimes".[76]

Other candidates

On 30 March 2021, Laurence Fox said he had made an agreement with Reform UK leader Richard Tice that Reform UK wouldn't field a candidate in the mayoral election. Tice and other Reform UK members attended Fox's campaign launch that month,[96] while the party's former leader, Nigel Farage, also endorsed Fox.[97] In April, Fox proposed six months of free bus and London Underground travel, saying that the increase in economic activity would pay for the cost of lost fares, which he said would be £500 million.[98] Fox has spread misinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic and calls the threat of COVID-19 variants "scaremongering".[99] He said that if elected, he would instruct the Metropolitan Police and schools to not enforce pandemic-related restrictions.[99] His campaign was funded by the businessman Jeremy Hosking.[99]

The Guardian noted a wave of social media content creators turning to local elections for content, Niko Omilana, Max Fosh and Brian Rose.[100] Rose, a podcaster who has actively promoted misinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic, stood for the London Real Party.[101][102][103] He was reported to be second favourite in the contest by a bookmaker.[104] He said he had made substantial bets on himself "[b]ut not enough to move the markets.”[105] In the run-up to the election, he was polling in the low single figures. He said he had spent more than a million pounds on billboards and that he was "going to pull off the biggest upset in British political history".[106] He pledged that if elected he would build 50,000 new homes on TfL land by Christmas 2021.[75][105] On 22 April, Lib Dem candidate Luisa Porritt said he should withdraw from the election after the Jewish Leadership Council and the London Jewish Forum described conspiracy theories proposed by David Icke expounded in a video with Rose, which Rose did not challenge, as "clearly antisemitic".[107] During the campaign, a 2018 video of Rose drinking his own urine resurfaced.[108] Speaking about the video, he said "I actually think this shows why I’m the best candidate, I’m open to new ideas."[109]

Mandu Reid, the Women's Equality Party candidate, said that if elected she would offer an extension of the national government's programme of 30 days free childcare to eligible London residents who were retraining after losing their jobs. She also said that she would reallocate money Khan had planned to use to fund more police on the street to 'establish a specialist squad within the Met “to rebuild trust and get justice” for women suffering violence, as part of a “perpetrator strategy”'.[110]

Piers Corbyn, the candidate for the Let London Live party, told the BBC that he would "end lockdown on day one" if he were elected.[111] Corbyn is a conspiracy theorist who has promoted misinformation and conspiracy theories about COVID-19, including calling the virus a "hoax".[112] He is sceptical of climate change and is an anti-vaxxer.[113] He has been fined and arrested during the campaign for breaches of COVID-19 lockdown restrictions, including an arrest on suspicion of malicious communications and public nuisance over his distributing a leaflet comparing COVID-19 vaccination programme with the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz.[114] His policy platform includes a pledge to prevent extension of London's Ultra Low Emission Zone.[115]

Count Binface, the satirical candidate for the Count Binface Party, pledged to rename London Bridge the Phoebe Waller Bridge.[116] His manifesto also included a croissant price cap and tying government officials' pay to nurses' pay.[117] He said that he wasn't going to win, but that the supplementary vote system meant that voters could give him their first preference and vote for or against Khan with their second preference.[116] On 21 April, an opinion poll showed that the independent candidate Niko Omilana, a YouTuber who makes prank videos, on 5% of the vote, ahead of all candidates other than Khan, Bailey, Berry and Porritt.[118][65] His policy platform centred on telling the prime minister Boris Johnson to "shush".[115] Omilana's manager said "it’s an investment for him" as more brands would be interested in working with him after the campaign.[109] Omilana was endorsed by fellow YouTubers Keemstar and KSI.[119] Max Fosh, another YouTuber standing in the election, "urged people not to vote for him" and used his platform to encourage young people to vote and to troll Fox.[109]

Valerie Brown, the Burning Pink candidate, was arrested in the early hours of Saturday 8 May, between the election and the announcement of the results. Her campaign manager, Ramon Salgado-Touzon, was arrested on Friday 7 May. Both were accused of criminal damage after spraying pink paint on offices of the Guardian newspaper. Brown was previously arrested and charged with criminal damage of windows at HSBC's headquarters on 22 April.[120]

Candidates


Labour Party

The incumbent mayor Sadiq Khan, who announced in June 2018 that he would run for re-election,[121] became Labour's candidate after more than half of local parties and party affiliates in London voted to automatically reselect him.[122] The comedian Eddie Izzard and Tottenham MP David Lammy had been suggested as potential candidates for the party.[123]

Conservative Party

Shaun Bailey was selected as the candidate of the Conservative Party in September 2018. Bailey has been a member of the London Assembly since 2016, having worked as a youth worker and as a special adviser to David Cameron.[124][125]

The party had started the process for selecting their candidate in June 2018.[126][127] The Guardian reported that more than twenty prospective candidates applied, mostly from local government. A longlist of ten was published in July 2018.[14] Following interviews, the party produced a shortlist of three for London members of the Conservative Party to vote on using a preferential voting system.[128][125] To vote, members needed to reside in London and to have been members on 26 June 2018.[14][129]

Bailey had been endorsed in the party's selection process by the Evening Standard, as well as Conservative police and crime commissioners Anthony Stansfeld, David Lloyd, Matthew Scott and Roger Hirst.[130][131]

Conservative London mayoral candidate selection [125]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Conservative Shaun Bailey 3,164 43.2% 740 3,904 55.1%
Conservative Andrew Boff 2,591 35.4% 595 3,186 44.9%
Conservative Joy Morrissey 1,566 21.4%
Selection process

Shortlisted

Longlisted but not shortlisted

Applied but not longlisted

Previously discussed as potential candidates

Green Party

Siân Berry, who has been co-leader of the Green Party since 2018 and a Member of the London Assembly since 2016, was announced as the party's mayoral candidate on 14 February 2019. She had been the party's candidate for mayor of London in 2008, when she came fourth with 3.2% of the first preference vote, and in 2016, when she came third with 5.8% of the first preference vote. Nominations had opened in November 2018 and closed in January 2019, with four candidates duly nominated.[150][151] The other nominated candidates were former deputy leader and candidate for the UK Parliament, London Assembly and European Parliament Shahrar Ali, actor and Cities of London and Westminster December 2019 candidate Zack Polanski, as well as former senior civil servant, general election candidate and London Assembly candidate Peter Underwood.[151][152][153]

Liberal Democrats

Siobhan Benita was initially selected as the Liberal Democrat candidate before withdrawing after the postponement of the election to 2021

Luisa Porritt, a former Member of the European Parliament from 2019–2020 and a councillor in Camden, was selected as the party's candidate in October 2020. Initially, the party had selected Siobhan Benita, a former senior civil servant and 2012 independent candidate for London mayor. Benita withdrew in July 2020 after the election was postponed to 2021.

In the first selection process, Benita was chosen to be the Liberal Democrat candidate on 21 November 2018.[25] The other shortlisted candidates were the anti-Brexit campaigner and former and 2020 London Assembly candidate Rob Blackie, Ebookers founder Dinesh Dhamija, and former parliamentary candidate, consultant and 2020 London Assembly candidate Lucy Salek.[154][25][155][156] Benita came first among first preferences, but with less than half the votes. After last-placed Lucy Salek was eliminated and second preferences among her voters tallied, Benita had a majority of the votes cast and was chosen as the party's candidate.[157]

The former Conservative parliamentary candidates Azi Ahmed and Kishan Devani had previously been discussed as potential Liberal Democrat candidates for the mayoralty, as had Rachel Johnson, a journalist and sister of Boris Johnson, the Conservative Prime Minister and a former mayor of London.[158][159]

Liberal Democrat London mayoral candidate selection [125]
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Liberal Democrats Siobhan Benita 1,548 46.2% 223 1,771 54.2%
Liberal Democrats Rob Blackie 614 18.3% 169 783 24.0%
Liberal Democrats Dinesh Dhamija 614 18.3% 98 712 21.8%
Liberal Democrats Lucy Salek 576 17.2%

However, on 27 July 2020, Benita announced her withdrawal from the candidacy, saying she was unable to commit to another year of campaigning following the election's postponement to 2021 given the unpaid nature of the role.[160] The party began a new selection process following Benita's withdrawal.[161] A shortlist of two candidates was announced on 10 September: Luisa Porritt and Geeta Sidhu-Robb.[162] Porritt had served as an MEP for London from 2019 to 2020 and as a councillor on Camden London Borough Council from 2018, having become group leader earlier in September 2020. Sidhu-Robb had previously worked as a lawyer, and was the founder and chief executive of the health company Nosh Detox. She had formerly served as the vice-chair of the People's Vote campaign and served as chair of its successor, Democracy Unleashed.[163]

On 13 September, two days after the shortlist was announced, footage of Sidhu-Robb from the 1997 general election, when she was the Conservative candidate for the seat of Blackburn, re-emerged in which Sidhu-Robb said (in what has been reported to be Urdu[164] or Gujarati[165]), "Don't vote for a Jew, Jack Straw is a Jew. If you vote for him, you're voting for a Jew. Jews are the enemies of Muslims".[164] A few hours later, Sidhu-Robb was suspended from the party and as a candidate.[166] Sidhu-Robb apologised for the comments and said she had regretted making them at the time.[167] Following these events, Benita revealed that she had not only stood down as candidate, but had also resigned from the party.[165]

As a result, a vote among the membership was held on the same timetable, but with Porritt standing against only the option to reopen nominations.[168] The result was announced on 13 October 2020, with Porritt being selected.[163][39]

Candidate Votes  %
Luisa Porritt 3,722
87.9%
Reopen nominations 514
12.1%
Turnout 4,236 19.1%

Other parties and candidates

The following people also stood.[169]

Party Candidate Notes/Sources
Renew Party Kam Balayev Candidate has worked in international law and business.[170][171] Balayev campaigned for a Universal Basic Income, cheaper transport costs and more support for small businesses.[172]
Count Binface Party Count Binface Satirical candidate created by comedian Jon Harvey, as an independent.[173] He crowdfunded the £10,000 deposit required.[171]
The Burning Pink Party Valerie Brown Brown stood on a one policy platform to abolish government and the role of Mayor of London, and for power to be placed in the hands of the people, through citizens' assemblies.[174] Brown was arrested and charged for covering a number of charities' buildings in pink paint, protesting against their inaction on climate change.[175]
Let London Live Piers Corbyn Corbyn is a weather forecaster, older brother of the former Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn.[114]
Independent Max Fosh YouTuber seeking to win more votes than Laurence Fox.[176]
Reclaim Party Laurence Fox Actor.[177]
UK Independence Party Peter Gammons Motivational speaker and former Brexit Party member who defected to UKIP in September 2019.[178][179]
Rejoin EU Richard Hewison Campaigned for the UK to rejoin the Erasmus Programme and more support for the performing arts sector. Hewison was supported by Volt Europa.[180]
Animal Welfare Party Vanessa Hudson Hudson campaigned to push for carbon net zero status in London by 2025, prioritise cleaning up the Thames, and the development of vertical farms.[181]
Social Democratic Party Steve Kelleher Unsuccessful Brexit Party candidate for the London constituency of Eltham in the 2019 general election.[170][182]
Heritage Party David Kurten Serving member of the London Assembly (elected as UKIP) who announced his intention to campaign on a socially conservative platform.[183] He campaigned for the removal of all cycle lanes, an end to buffer zones outside abortion clinics and more support for black cabs.[184]
Independent Farah London[185] London stood with a focus on the cost of living in London and public safety. She also plans to reduce the congestion charge in London. She had been involved with the Conservative Party.[185]
Independent Niko Omilana Barnet-based YouTuber, known for making prank videos.[170]
Independent Nims Obunge Pastor and the chief executive of knife-crime awareness organisation The Peace Alliance.[170]
Women's Equality Party Mandu Reid Reid is the party's leader and has worked for all three previous mayors as a project worker in City Hall.[186][187][170] She campaigned on a platform of social justice, gender equality and inclusion.[188]
London Real Party Brian Rose Podcaster who has actively promoted misinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic,[189][190] stood as an independent.[191]

Candidates who had indicated intention to stand

Environmental campaigner Rosalind Readhead intended to stand,[192] but withdrew from the race 30 March 2021 to help stop the environmental vote being split.[193] London-based rapper Drillminister had announced his candidacy as an independent candidate, campaigning on reducing homelessness, improving transport, increasing mental health support, diversifying the Metropolitan Police Service and rehabilitation to curb crime and improving air quality in the capital.[194][195] Charlie Mullins, founder of Pimlico Plumbers, had announced he would stand as an independent.[196] Winston McKenzie, an activist and perennial candidate, had also announced he was intending to stand for the party he founded and leads, Unity in Action.[171][197] Drillminister, Mullins and McKenzie were all absent from the list of candidates nominated.[169]

Opinion polls


Graphical summary

The chart below shows opinion polls conducted for the 2021 London mayoral election. The trend lines are local regressions (LOESS).

After May 2020

Pollster Client Date(s)
conducted
Sample size First preference Final round
Khan Bailey Berry Porritt Others Lead Khan Bailey Lead
Lab Con Green Lib Dem Lab Con
Election 6 May 2021 40.0% 35.3% 7.8% 4.4% 12.5% 4.7% 55.2% 44.8% 10.4%
YouGov N/A 2–4 May 2021 1,141 43% 31% 10% 5%
11%
Fox (Reclaim): 3%
Rose (LRP): 2%
Reid (WEP): 1%
Gammons (UKIP): 1%
Kurten (Heritage): 0%
Others: 4%
12% 59% 41% 18%
Savanta ComRes N/A 29 Apr4 May 2021 ? 41% 29% 5% 8%
17%
Omilana (Ind): 6%
Other: 11%
12% 60% 40% 20%
Opinium Evening Standard 28 Apr3 May 2021 1,005 48% 29% 7% 8%
8%
Fox (Reclaim): 3%
Reid (WEP): 1%
Others: 4%
19% 63% 37% 26%
Savanta ComRes ITV London 13–19 Apr 2021 1,004 41% 28% 6% 8%
17%
Omilana (Ind): 5%
Rose (LRP): 2%
London (Ind): 2%
Fox (Reclaim): 1%
Gammons (UKIP): 1%
Hewison (REUP): 1%
Kurten (Heritage): 1%
Binface (CBP): 1%
Obunge (Ind): 1%
Fosh (Ind): 1%
Reid (WEP): 1%
Balayev (Renew): <1%
Corbyn (LLL): <1%
Hudson (AWP
Kelleher (SDP): <1%
Brown (BP): 0%
13% 61% 39% 22%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies N/A 15–16 Apr 2021 1,500 47% 26% 6% 9%
13%
Reid (WEP): 4%
Gammons (UKIP): 3%
Others on 6%
21%
Opinium N/A 7–10 Apr 2021 1,093 51% 29% 8% 8%
3%
Gammons (UKIP): 1%
Reid (WEP): 0%
Others: 2%
22% 64% 36% 28%
YouGov Queen Mary University of London 29 Mar1 Apr 2021 1,192 47% 26% 9% 7%
11%
Fox (Reclaim Party): 4%
Rose (London Real Party): 3%
Gammons (UKIP): 1%
Reid (WEP): 1%
Kurten (Heritage Party): 0%
Others: 2%
21% 66% 34% 32%
Opinium Evening Standard 17–20 Mar 2021 1,500 53% 28% 7% 7%
5%
Gammons (UKIP): 2%
Reid (WEP): 1%
Others: 2%
25% 66% 34% 32%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies N/A 6–8 Mar 2021 1,500 51% 25% 6% 8%
9%
Reid (WEP): 4%
Gammons (UKIP): 2%
Others: 3%
25%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies N/A 13–14 Jan 2021 1,500 49% 28% 10% 11%
5%
Gammons (UKIP): 2%
Others: 3%
21%
YouGov Queen Mary University of London 16–19 Nov 2020 1,048 51% 30% 9% 4% 5% 21% 64% 36% 28%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies N/A 15–17 Oct 2020 2,000 50% 28% 10% 10% 2% 22%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies N/A 7–8 Sep 2020 2,000 48% 28% 9% 11%[lower-alpha 1] 4% 20% 63% 37% 26%
Redfield and Wilton Strategies N/A 5–7 Aug 2020 2,500 49% 26% 9% 12%[lower-alpha 1] 4% 23% 61% 39% 22%

Before May 2020

The polls below were taken when the election was expected in May 2020. Rory Stewart and Siobhan Benita both dropped out of the election following its delay.

Pollster Client Date(s)
conducted
Sample size First preference Final round
Khan Bailey Berry Benita Stewart Others Lead Khan Bailey Berry Benita Stewart Lead
Lab Con Green Lib Dem Ind Lab Con Green Lib Dem Ind
YouGov Queen Mary University of London 2–6 Mar 2020 1,002 49% 24% 7% 4% 13%
4%
Reid (WEP): 1%
Others: 3%
25% 67% 33% 34%
39% 21% 18%
41% 18% 23%
39% 27% 12%
YouGov Queen Mary University of London 30 Oct4 Nov 2019 1,175 45% 23% 7% 8% 13% 4% 22% 44% 25% 19%
33% 25% 8%
35% 22% 13%
36% 25% 11%
YouGov Queen Mary University of London 7–10 May 2019 1,015 43% 23% 16% 10% 8% 20% 64% 36% 28%
YouGov Queen Mary University of London 3–6 Dec 2018 1,020 55% 28% 7%[lower-alpha 2] 4% 6% 27% 62% 38% 24%

Results


Percent vote share by constituency.[198]
Winning candidate by ward in the first round, not including postal votes[199]
Results by borough

Counting of the votes started on Friday 7 May at 7am. Due to measures taken to limit the spread of coronavirus, a final result came on the evening of Saturday 8 May.[200]

Mayor of London election 6 May 2021
Party Candidate 1st round 2nd round
 First round votes  Transfer votes 
Total Of round Transfers Total Of round
Labour Sadiq Khan 1,013,721 40.0% 192,313 1,206,034 55.2%
Conservative Shaun Bailey 893,051 35.3% 84,550 977,601 44.8%
Green Siân Berry 197,976 7.8%
Liberal Democrats Luisa Porritt 111,716 4.4%
Independent Niko Omilana 49,628 2.0%
Reclaim Laurence Fox 47,634 1.9%
London Real Brian Rose 31,111 1.2%
Rejoin EU Richard Hewison 28,012 1.1%
Count Binface Count Binface 24,775 1.0%
Women's Equality Mandu Reid 21,182 0.8%
Let London Live Piers Corbyn 20,604 0.8%
Animal Welfare Vanessa Hudson 16,826 0.7%
UKIP Peter Gammons 14,393 0.6%
Independent Farah London 11,869 0.5%
Heritage David Kurten 11,025 0.4%
Independent Nims Obunge 9,682 0.4%
SDP Steve Kelleher 8,764 0.3%
Renew Kam Balayev 7,774 0.3%
Independent Max Fosh 6,309 0.2%
Burning Pink Valerie Brown 5,305 0.2%
Labour hold

Analysis and reactions

The result was closer than expected, with Bailey receiving a greater than expected share of the vote compared to polling and despite receiving few resources from Conservative Campaign HQ. Unlike incumbents in Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and Tees Valley, Khan saw his victory margin cut, and Bailey received the largest number of first preference votes in Ealing and Hillingdon, and Brent and Harrow, two constituencies where Khan won the most votes in the previous election.[201][202]

Khan's first round vote share was down 4.2%, while Bailey's first round vote share was up 0.3% on the candidate in 2016. Berry's vote share was up 2.0%. The Liberal Democrats were down 0.2%. UKIP's vote share fell by 3%. The only other party that stood a candidate in 2016 and 2021 were the Women's Equality Party, who saw their vote share fall by 1.2%.

Two prominent YouTubers stood as candidates, both claiming that they successfully engaged young people in the election. Max Fosh came second to last and said he had no intention of standing as a candidate again, but Niko Omilana came fifth. Fosh told the BBC that he made about £4500 from YouTube videos of his campaign, a net loss of £5500 taking into account his lost deposit, but that he also gained followers. Omilana did not answer the BBC's enquiries on this matter, but Hussein Kesvani estimated he would make back his lost deposit through increased YouTube revenues.[203]

Notes


  1. At this point, Siobhan Benita had withdrawn and Luisa Porritt had not yet been selected, so the question asked about "a Liberal Democrat candidate".
  2. The poll question included Siân Berry as the Green Party candidate, even though she had not been selected at that time.

References


  1. "What the Mayor of London and the London Assembly Do". London Elects. Archived from the original on 3 May 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  2. "Q&A: London mayoral and London Assembly elections 2012". BBC News. 29 March 2012. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  3. "Local elections postponed for a year over coronavirus". BBC News. 13 March 2020. Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  4. "Coronavirus Act 2020". Legislation.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  5. "Lib Dems top London European vote". BBC News. 27 May 2019. Archived from the original on 28 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  6. "How to Vote". London Elects. Archived from the original on 8 August 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  7. Elledge, Jonnk (2 May 2012). "London Elections: How The Voting System Works". The Londonist. Archived from the original on 23 October 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2015.
  8. Murphy, Joe (17 March 2021). "Row over move to change London mayor election to First Past the Post". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 9 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  9. "How to Register to Vote". London Elects. Archived from the original on 4 October 2015. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  10. "Vote for the Mayor and London Assembly on Thursday 6 May 2021 - Nominations". London Elects. Archived from the original on 12 December 2020. Retrieved 22 December 2020.
  11. "Note on May 2021 nominations". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 10 May 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  12. Lydall, Ross (4 March 2021). "London mayoral elections face poll count delay due to Covid". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 11 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  13. "Sadiq Khan will run for London Mayor again in 2020". ITV News. 20 June 2018. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  14. Wearmouth, Rachel (14 September 2018). "Sadiq Khan sees off threat to his bid for re-election as London Mayor". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  15. Dallison, Paul (14 September 2018). "Sadiq Khan will be Labour candidate in next London mayoral race". Politico. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  16. Chappell, Elliot (18 January 2020). "Sadiq Khan announces green new deal for London". LabourList. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  17. Proctor, Kate (5 July 2018). "Favourite for Tory mayor ticket: Sadiq fuels feeling of being unsafe". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  18. "Tory Mayor hopeful Shaun Bailey: send thugs carrying acid straight to jail". London Evening Standard. 18 September 2018. Archived from the original on 12 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  19. Watts, Joe (27 September 2018). "Conservative candidate for London Mayor embroiled in new Sadiq Khan Islamophobia row". The Independent. Archived from the original on 30 September 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  20. Sabbagh, Dan (3 October 2018). "Tory London mayoral pick under fire for remarks about Muslims and Hindus". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 10 October 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  21. Rogers, Alexandra (26 November 2018). "Shaun Bailey to stand in London Assembly elections despite mayoral bid". City AM. Archived from the original on 5 December 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  22. Walker, Peter (14 February 2019). "Green party's Siân Berry to run for London mayor again in 2020". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  23. "Green Party chooses mayoral candidate". BBC News. 14 February 2019. Archived from the original on 15 February 2019. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  24. Walker, Peter (14 February 2019). "Green party's Siân Berry to run for London mayor again in 2020". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  25. Murphy, Joe (17 September 2018). "Siobhan Benita: Second Mayor bid will address 'unfinished business'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 18 September 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  26. Lib Dem Press Office [@LibDemPress] (21 November 2018). "We are delighted to announce that @SiobhanBenita will be the @LibDems candidate for the London Mayoral elections in May 2020, and will lead the campaign for the London Assembly elections" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  27. Osley, Richard (29 November 2018). "Mayor too weak on knife crime, warns Lib Dem challenger Siobhan Benita". Camden New Journal. Archived from the original on 3 December 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  28. "London mayoral race: Legalise cannabis, says Lib Dem candidate". BBC News. 13 February 2020. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  29. Benita, Siobhan (14 February 2020). "London has a knife crime crisis – as mayor, here's how I'd fix it". The Independent. Archived from the original on 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  30. Pickard, Jim (30 August 2018). "Nigel Farage considers running for London mayor". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 16 September 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  31. "Former leader Nigel Farage quits UKIP". BBC News. 4 December 2018. Archived from the original on 7 December 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  32. "Nigel Farage back in frontline politics as Brexit Party leader". BBC News. 22 March 2019. Archived from the original on 23 March 2019. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  33. "Rory Stewart: I'll stand for London Mayor as an independent candidate". London Evening Standard. 4 October 2019. Archived from the original on 6 January 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  34. Busby, Mattha; O'Carroll, Lisa (4 October 2019). "Brexit: Johnson 'will seek extension if no withdrawal deal agreed in time' – as it happened". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  35. "Rory Stewart pulls out of contest to be next London mayor". The Guardian. 6 May 2020. Archived from the original on 19 October 2020. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  36. Proctor, Kate (13 March 2020). "Local elections and London mayoral race postponed for a year". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 January 2021. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  37. Lydall, Ross (6 May 2020). "Rory Stewart quits race to become London Mayor saying coronavirus crisis made it 'impossible' to campaign". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  38. Sleigh, Sophia (27 July 2020). "Lib Dem's Siobhan Benita quits mayoral race for financial reasons". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 10 August 2020. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  39. "Lib Dem mayoral candidate vows to speak for 'millennial Londoners'". London Evening Standard. 13 October 2020. Archived from the original on 16 October 2020. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  40. Jolly, Jasper; Walker, Peter (14 May 2020). "London transport fares will rise, says minister, as TfL secures bailout". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 August 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  41. "Revealed: full details of Government's £1.6 billion TfL bailout". London Evening Standard. 29 May 2020. Archived from the original on 25 August 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  42. Panjwani, Abbas. "Shaun Bailey's comments on the congestion charge lack context". Full Fact. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  43. Savage, Michael (16 August 2020). "Whitehall 'power grab' raises fears about who's really running London". The Observer. Archived from the original on 16 August 2020. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  44. Hatherley, Owen (30 September 2020). "Coronavirus has thrown the political battle over British cities into sharp relief". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 October 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  45. Khan, Sadiq. "I will not accept the Tory government's vindictive proposals for London". LabourList. Archived from the original on 1 November 2020. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  46. "Shaun Bailey: London mayoral candidate reported to CPS over leaflets". BBC News. 26 January 2021. Archived from the original on 16 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  47. "Tory London mayor candidate criticised over using fake City Hall coat of arms". The Guardian. 16 December 2020. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  48. Sabbagh, Dan (10 February 2021). "Lord Ashcroft is leading donor for Tory London mayoral candidate". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  49. "Mayor of London candidate Brian Rose fined for lockdown breach". BBC. 25 January 2021. Archived from the original on 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  50. "Minister for the Constitution and Devolution letter to members of the Parliamentary Parties Panel". GOV.UK. Cabinet Office. 22 January 2021. Archived from the original on 5 February 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  51. Murphy, Joe (19 February 2021). "Small political parties being 'squeezed out' by Covid canvassing rules". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 19 February 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  52. Evans, Martin (24 March 2021). "Laurence Fox hits back after police warn him not to break lockdown rules during Mayoral campaign". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  53. "Tories in crisis over race for London mayor". ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  54. Lydall, Ross (31 March 2021). "Record number of 20 candidates will contest the London mayoral elections". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  55. "London mayoral race 2021: What did the audience think of the debate?". BBC News. 26 April 2021. Archived from the original on 9 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  56. Lydall, Ross (23 April 2021). "Mayoral election TV debate sees candidates clash over housing 'failings'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  57. "London mayoral election 2021: Sadiq Khan promises more jobs". BBC News. 4 March 2021. Archived from the original on 5 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  58. Reporters, Telegraph (29 April 2021). "London mayoral election 2021: when it is, latest polls and candidates running against Sadiq Khan". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  59. Lydall, Ross (4 March 2021). "Khan forced to hide in cafe as protesters turn up at mayoral launch". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 10 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  60. Ammon, Elizabeth. "Mayor Sadiq Khan's plan to bring Indian Premier League to London". ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 10 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  61. "Sadiq Khan pledges to explore new London Olympic bid if re-elected". The Guardian. 3 May 2021. Archived from the original on 3 May 2021. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  62. "Sadiq Khan vows to defy 'vocal minority' fighting plans to cut traffic in London". The Independent. 21 April 2021. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  63. "Sadiq Khan manifesto pledges to stand up for London against 'anti-London Tory government'". OnLondon. 6 April 2021. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  64. "Sadiq Khan promises 4G on Tube if he wins London election". Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  65. Lydall, Ross (22 April 2021). "Bunny-hopping mayor says: go green to keep Tories out of City Hall". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  66. Dunton2021-04-08T10:07:00+01:00, Jim. "Sadiq Khan sets out raft of housing pledges in election manifesto". Building. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  67. Lawrence-Jones, Charlie (19 April 2021). "How Sadiq Khan and Shaun Bailey plan to fight knife crime in London". MyLondon. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  68. "Mayor of London to examine benefits of decriminalising cannabis". The Guardian. 5 April 2021. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  69. Sleigh, Sophia (15 April 2021). "Dua Lipa endorses Sadiq Khan in London mayoral race". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  70. "Sadiq Khan broke half of 2016 election promises, claims Tory rival". CityAM. 4 March 2021. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  71. Hope, Christopher; Wells, Louisa (11 April 2021). "White guilt doesn't make black people feel any better, says Shaun Bailey". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  72. Harpin, Lee. "Sadiq Khan clashes with Shaun Bailey at Jewish News mayoral hustings". The Times of Israel. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  73. "Shaun Bailey election manifesto: Everything you need to know". CityAM. 19 April 2021. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  74. Theil, Michele (7 April 2021). "Tory mayoral candidate Shaun Bailey vows to open a youth centre in every borough". MyLondon. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  75. Sleigh, Katie Strick, Sophia (29 April 2021). "A who's who guide to all twenty London mayoral election candidates". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  76. "London mayoral elections 2021: What do the manifestos say?". BBC News. 29 April 2021. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  77. Lydall, Ross (25 March 2021). "London mayoral debate: Shaun Bailey savages Sadiq Khan over crime". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  78. "London mayor election 2021: Shaun Bailey pledges to cut crime 'in 100 days'". BBC News. 19 April 2021. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  79. Clarence-Smith, Louisa. "Nick Candy leads £1m drive to oust London mayor Sadiq Khan". ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  80. "Green Party's Sian Berry unveils plan to make London the 'most trans-inclusive city in the world'". PinkNews. 10 February 2021. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 10 March 2021.
  81. "Green London mayor hopeful wants to see living wage raised to £14". Metro. 23 March 2021. Archived from the original on 25 March 2021. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  82. Lydall, Ross (21 April 2021). "Sian Berry for Mayor 2021? Only Greens have big ideas". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  83. Sleigh, Sophia (8 April 2021). "Mayoral election: Greens call for 'repair centres' to cut waste". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  84. Kilraine, Lottie (18 April 2021). "London Mayor candidate Sian Berry pledges to 'gold plate' London's green belt if elected". South London News. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  85. Lydall, Ross (30 April 2021). "Mayor 'must seize control of Oxford Street and High Street Kensington'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  86. "London Elections 2021: Green Party announces 'basic income' plan". BBC News. 19 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  87. Ambrose, Tom (7 April 2021). "No murders in London within 10 years, pledges Greens mayoral candidate". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  88. "London Elections 2021: Green Party announce 'zero murders in London' plan". BBC News. 7 April 2021. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  89. Garner-Purkis, Zak (22 April 2021). "'Zero murders target is morally right,' says Green Party's Sian Berry". MyLondon. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  90. Lydall, Ross (21 April 2021). "Sian Berry for Mayor 2021? Only Greens have big ideas". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  91. Hill, Dave (16 March 2021). "Lib Dem Luisa Porritt launches London Mayor campaign with pledges on jobs, housing and air quality". OnLondon. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  92. Langlois, André (8 April 2021). "London mayor election: Lib Dems' Luisa Porritt on liberty and LTNs". Hampstead Highgate Express. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  93. Jones, Harrison (30 March 2021). "Londoners to get free bikes on Sundays if Lib Dems win mayoral election". Metro. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  94. Lydall, Ross (21 April 2021). "Luisa Porritt is the Lib Dem keen to expose Sadiq Khan's 'dirty little secret'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  95. Lydall, Ross (15 April 2021). "London mayoral election: Lib-Dem candidate hopes to recoup TfL cash". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  96. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  97. Murphy, Joe (22 April 2021). "Nigel Farage and Reform party back Laurence Fox for London mayor". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  98. Murphy, Joe (6 April 2021). "Mayoral election: Scrap tube fares to get London moving - Laurence Fox". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  99. Gill, Martha (1 May 2021). "'I'd tell the Met not to enforce lockdown': Fox on why he is running for Mayor". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  100. "How YouTubers turned running for London mayor into content". The Guardian. 30 April 2021. Archived from the original on 5 May 2021. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  101. "The YouTuber Accused of Using Coronavirus to Scam His Followers". vice.com. Archived from the original on 28 January 2021. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  102. Turvill, William (3 June 2020). "Cash for conspiracies: How David Icke, 'alternative' media and tech giants make money from coronavirus conspiracies". Press Gazette. Archived from the original on 17 January 2021. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
  103. "Fox's Judge Jeanine won't take coronavirus vaccine: "I'm not going to allow them to do that to me"". Salon. 4 August 2020. Archived from the original on 25 January 2021. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
  104. "London Mayor candidate says his campaign bus is 'safest in the country' after getting £200 fine". indy100.com. 26 January 2021. Archived from the original on 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  105. Whitworth, Damian. "Brian Rose, the American who wants to be London mayor". ISSN 0140-0460. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  106. Patterson, Sally. "Brian Rose: Who is the London mayoral candidate in the suit on the billboards?". Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  107. "Exclusive: Mayor candidate faces calls to pull out over antisemitic video". CityAM. 22 April 2021. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  108. "London mayoral candidate drinks his own urine: 'It's really not bad'". The Independent. 22 April 2021. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  109. "How YouTubers turned running for London mayor into content". The Guardian. 30 April 2021. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  110. Lydall, Ross (30 March 2021). "Childcare crisis leaves women stuck in 1940s, Mayor warned". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  111. "Piers Corbyn: 'I will end lockdown on day one as mayor'". BBC. 19 April 2021. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  112. Humphries, Jonathan (18 October 2020). "Piers Corbyn tells crowd of unmasked protesters 'covid is a hoax'". Liverpool Echo. Archived from the original on 19 October 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  113. Sleigh, Katie Strick, Sophia (30 April 2021). "A who's who guide to all twenty London mayoral election candidates". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  114. "Piers Corbyn arrested over vaccine 'Auschwitz leaflet'". 4 February 2021. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  115. "Who are the candidates standing for mayor of London this year?". The Independent. 29 April 2021. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  116. "Count Binface 'more qualified' than other London mayoral candidates". The Independent. 25 April 2021. Archived from the original on 25 April 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  117. Mussen, Madeline (22 April 2021). "Mayoral candidate Count Binface's plans 'actually include good points'". MyLondon. Archived from the original on 25 April 2021. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  118. Lydall, Ross (21 April 2021). "YouTube star Niko Omilana set to deny Sadiq Khan landslide victory". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  119. "A 23-Year-Old YouTuber Is Running To Be The Mayor Of London And Is Doing Relatively Well In The Polls". BuzzFeed News. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  120. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  121. "London Mayor Sadiq Khan to seek second term". BBC News. 20 June 2018. Archived from the original on 4 January 2021. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  122. Eaton, George (14 September 2018). "Sadiq Khan reselected as Labour's London mayoral candidate after winning party ballot". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 14 September 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  123. Wood, Richard (22 September 2017). "Top 7 favourites to win the 2020 London Mayoral contest: can Khan win?". HITC. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  124. Zeffman, Henry (29 September 2018). "Tories choose ex-youth worker Shaun Bailey to take on London mayor Sadiq Khan". The Times. Archived from the original on 24 January 2019. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  125. Proctor, Kate (28 September 2018). "Tories choose Shaun Bailey for mayoral candidate to take on Sadiq". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  126. Elgot, Jessica (1 June 2018). "Justine Greening tipped as Tory candidate for London mayor". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 June 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  127. Neilan, Catherine (18 June 2018). "Tories open London mayoral candidacy to all - except die-hard Remainers". City AM. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  128. Crerar, Pippa (3 July 2018). "Top Tories shy away from 2020 London mayoral race". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  129. Phibbs, Harry (23 July 2018). "What the London Mayoral selection short-list tells us. And what the successful candidate should do". ConservativeHome. Archived from the original on 10 May 2021. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  130. ES Comment (18 September 2018). "Evening Standard comment: We back Shaun Bailey as the Tory mayoral candidate; Snapping the seven-ups". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 20 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  131. Murphy, Joe (7 September 2018). "Police chiefs back Tory mayoral hopeful Shaun Bailey to solve crime". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  132. "London mayoral race: Tories shortlist three candidates". BBC News. 23 July 2018. Archived from the original on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2018.
  133. Murphy, Joe (8 June 2018). "Stephen Lawrence's friend Duwayne Brooks calls for Sadiq Khan to quit over violence surge". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  134. Murphy, Joe (29 June 2018). "Ex-West End actor declares dream to be Mayor as first official Tory candidate". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 1 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  135. Elliott, Matthew (9 May 2018). "Elections over, the Tories must find their next London mayor". City AM. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  136. Shipman, Tim (3 June 2018). "London mayoral election: Male, pale and stale candidates off the list". The Times. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  137. Bennett, Owen (4 July 2018). "Tory MP who thinks EU passports are a national humiliation wants to be London Mayor". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 4 July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  138. Diary (5 July 2018). "The Londoner: Mercer takes aim at 'Private Pike'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  139. Bennett, Owen (29 June 2018). "Brexit 'Bad Boy' Richard Tice puts himself forward to be Tory candidate for London Mayor". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  140. Wearmouth, Rachel (26 June 2018). "Justine Greening rules herself out of race to be next London Mayor". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 28 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  141. Hughes, Laura (5 May 2018). "London election results allow Tories to dream of being mayor". Financial Times. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 25 June 2018.
  142. Bush, Stephen (2 July 2018). "Everyone wins from a James Cleverly mayoral bid – including Sadiq Khan". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  143. Casalicchio, Emilio (7 August 2015). "Sol Campbell sets sights on 2020 London mayoral election". Politics Home. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  144. Le Conte, Marie (23 April 2018). "Tories eye race to take on Sadiq Khan". Politico Europe. Archived from the original on 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  145. Crerrar, Pippa (4 October 2017). "London Tories 'eyeball' PM as they plan unit to take on Labour". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  146. Crerar, Pippa (26 June 2018). "Tory Justine Greening rules herself out of London mayoral race". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 31 July 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  147. Murphy, Joe (2 October 2017). "'Tories must modernise or we'll lose every safe seat in London'". London Evening Standard. Archived from the original on 8 October 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  148. Hope, Christopher (7 December 2017). "George Osborne refuses to rule out a return to public life as an MP or London Mayor". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 31 May 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  149. Dale, Iain (22 September 2017). "Tory MP does not rule out standing against Sadiq Khan over Uber ruling". LBC. Archived from the original on 23 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  150. London Green Party [@LonGreenParty] (28 November 2018). "Today we opened nominations to be our Green Party candidates for the Mayor and Assembly in 2020. We aim to run our strongest campaign ever to make London an equitable and sustainable city for all. Please consider standing for mayor or for the Assembly list" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  151. "Green Party reveals full list of runners for London Mayoral and Assembly spots". The Green Party. 14 January 2019. Archived from the original on 29 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  152. "New year, new structures and new policies - Green news round up week 1". Bright Green. 6 January 2019. Archived from the original on 12 November 2019. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  153. "Underwood named on Greens shortlist for London Mayor". Inside Croydon. 16 January 2019. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2019 via WordPress.
  154. Pack, Mark (17 October 2018). "Lib Dem shortlist for London Mayor and GLA list published". Mark Pack. Archived from the original on 30 October 2018. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  155. Blackie, Rob [@robblackie] (8 October 2018). "I'm delighted to have made the shortlist for Lib Dem Mayor of London candidate, as well as the GLA shortlist. I believe London should be a city of opportunity for everyone, and that the most important job the mayor should be doing right now is fighting Brexit" (Tweet). Retrieved 9 October 2018 via Twitter.
  156. Bush, Stephen (15 June 2018). "Why are the Liberal Democrats celebrating defeat in Lewisham East?". New Statesman. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  157. Pack, Mark (21 November 2018). "Lib Dems announce Siobhan Benita as London Mayoral candidate". Mark Pack. Archived from the original on 22 November 2018. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  158. Cecil, Nicholas; Murphy, Joe (9 March 2018). "Lib Dems wooing EU voters in 21 languages for town hall elections". London Evening Standard. p. 2.
  159. Revesz, Rachael (30 April 2017). "Boris Johnson's sister Rachel could run to be London mayor - for the Lib Dems". The Independent. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2017.
  160. "Lib Dem candidate quits mayor of London race". BBC News. 27 July 2020. Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  161. Sims, Ben (3 August 2020). "Selecting our next Mayoral Candidate". London Liberal Democrats. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  162. Taylor, Harry. "Belsize councillor Luisa Porritt 'seriously considering' Lib Dem mayoral candidate bid". Hampstead Highgate Express. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 6 August 2020.
  163. Hill, Dave (10 September 2020). "Liberal Democrats name shortlist of two to run for London Mayor". OnLondon. Archived from the original on 10 September 2020. Retrieved 10 September 2020.
  164. "Exclusive: A Lib Dem Prospective Mayoral Candidate Was Filmed Urging Voters Not To Vote For A Jewish Candidate During A Failed Election Bid". Politics Home. 13 September 2020. Archived from the original on 14 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  165. "London Lib Dems suspend mayoral race hopeful over past 'Don't vote for a Jew' campaigning". OnLondon. 14 September 2020. Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  166. Johnston, John (13 September 2020). "The Lib Dems Have Suspended A Prospective London Mayoral Candidate Over Previous Antisemitic Comments". PoliticsHome. Archived from the original on 17 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  167. "Lib Dem Geeta Sidhu Robb dropped over antisemitism". The Times. 14 September 2020. Archived from the original on 19 November 2020. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  168. Sims, Ben (14 September 2020). "Update on London Mayoral Selection". London Liberal Democrats. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  169. "Statements of persons nominated for Mayor | London Elects". londonelects.org.uk. Archived from the original on 1 April 2021. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  170. "London mayoral race 2021: The candidates standing in this year's election". BBC News. 31 March 2021. Archived from the original on 29 March 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  171. Lehmann, Stephen (20 November 2020). "Who are the candidates for the 2021 London Mayoral election?". South West Londoner. Archived from the original on 4 January 2021. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  172. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 March 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  173. "Count Binface to run for London Mayor". British Comedy Guide. 27 February 2020. Archived from the original on 16 March 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  174. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 April 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  175. "Extinction Rebellion activists launch UK Beyond Politics party by stealing food". The Guardian. 25 June 2020. Archived from the original on 6 January 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  176. "VIDEO: YouTuber announces London Mayor bid 'just to beat Laurence Fox'". Southwark News. Archived from the original on 13 March 2021. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  177. Fox exclusive: I'm standing for London Mayor to offer a voice to those being dominated into silence The Daily Telegraph
  178. "Introducing Our London Mayoral Candidate". UKIP. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 13 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  179. "Dr Peter Gammons is UKIP's candidate for London Mayor". UKIP. 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  180. "Rejoin EU for the London Assembly - The Rejoin EU Party & Volt". Archived from the original on 12 March 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  181. "2021 London Mayoral & Assembly Election". 31 March 2021. Archived from the original on 1 April 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  182. "Eltham Parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Archived from the original on 3 January 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  183. Mathewson, Jessie (28 January 2019). "David Kurten announces run for Mayor of London". East London & West Essex Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 January 2020. Retrieved 29 January 2020.
  184. "David Kurten | London Mayor Candidate 2021". davidkurten.net. Archived from the original on 8 April 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  185. Methewson, Jessie (12 October 2020). "'Politicians don't have a monopoly on ideas': Entrepreneur joins race for Mayor". Enfield Independent. Archived from the original on 28 October 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  186. "Women's Equality Party announces Interim Leader and London Mayoral Candidate". BCSWomen. 10 March 2019. Archived from the original on 30 July 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
  187. Proctor, Kate (16 February 2020). "Women's Equality party candidate pulls out of London mayoral race". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 February 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  188. "Mandu Reid". Women's Equality. Archived from the original on 8 April 2021. Retrieved 3 April 2021.
  189. "The YouTuber Accused of Using Coronavirus to Scam His Followers". vice.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  190. Washington, District of Columbia 1100 Connecticut Ave NW Suite 1300B; Dc 20036. "PolitiFact - Fact-checking 'Plandemic 2': Another video full of conspiracy theories about COVID-19". @politifact. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  191. "Who are the candidates for the 2021 London Mayoral election?". South West Londoner. 20 November 2020. Archived from the original on 9 February 2021. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  192. Reid, Carlton (23 July 2019). "Nissan refuses government request on Qashqai emissions". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 August 2019. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  193. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 May 2021. Retrieved 30 March 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)[non-primary source needed]
  194. White, Nadine (28 January 2019). "Drillminister To Run For Mayor of London, Saying Politicians Don't Represent Real Voters". HuffPost. Archived from the original on 18 March 2021. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  195. "Drillminister: Why I'm running for London Mayor". BBC News. 30 January 2020. Archived from the original on 31 January 2020. Retrieved 31 January 2020.
  196. Tovey, Alan (25 June 2018). "Pimlico Plumbers' Charlie Mullins to run for London Mayor on 'common sense' ticket". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 19 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  197. "London mayoral race 2021: The candidates who say they will be standing". BBC News. 7 March 2021. Archived from the original on 12 March 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2021.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  198. "London elections 2021". BBC News. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  199. "Results 2021 | London Elects". www.londonelects.org.uk. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  200. "London mayoral election results 2021: Sadiq Khan reelected for second term". The Telegraph. 9 May 2021. Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
  201. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  202. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  203. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-england-london-57177138