2022 French legislative election

Legislative elections in France were held on 12 and 19 June 2022 to elect the 577 members of the 16th National Assembly of the Fifth French Republic. The elections took place following the 2022 French presidential election, which was held in April 2022.[3] They have been described as the most indecisive legislative elections since the establishment of the five-year term in 2000 and reversal of the electoral calendar in 2002.[4]

2022 French legislative election

 2017 12 June 2022 (first round)
19 June 2022 (second round)
2027 

All 577 seats of the National Assembly
289 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Turnout47.5% (1.2 pp) (1st round)
46.2% (3.6 pp) (2nd round)
  First party Second party
 
Leader Richard Ferrand Jean-Luc Mélenchon
Party LREM LFI
Alliance Ensemble NUPES
Leader's seat Finistère's 6th[lower-alpha 1] Bouches-du-Rhône's 4th[lower-alpha 2]
Last election New alliance New alliance
Seats before 346 seats 66 seats
Seats won 245 seats[lower-alpha 3] 131 seats[lower-alpha 3]
Seat change 101 67
1st round
%
5,857,364
25.8% 6.5%
5,836,079
25.7%[lower-alpha 4]1.1%
2nd round
%
8,002,419
38.6% 10.6%
6,556,198
31.6% 19.9%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader Marine Le Pen Christian Jacob
Party RN LR
Alliance UDC
Leader's seat Pas-de-Calais's 11th Seine-et-Marne's 4th[lower-alpha 2]
Last election 8 seats 130 seats
Seats before 7 seats 120 seats
Seats won 89 seats 64 seats
Seat change 82 56
1st round
%
4,248,537
18.7% 5.5%
2,568,502
11.3% 7.5%
2nd round
%
3,589,465
17.3% 8.5%
1,512,281
7.3% 18.0%

Constituency results after the first round

Constituency results after the second round

Prime Minister before election

Élisabeth Borne
LREM

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

For the first time since 1997, the incumbent president of France does not have an absolute majority in Parliament. As no alliance won a majority, it resulted in a hung parliament for the first time since 1988.[5]

The legislative elections were contested between four principal blocs: the centrist presidential majority Ensemble coalition, including Emmanuel Macron's Renaissance, the Democratic Movement, Horizons, and their allies; the left-wing New Ecologic and Social People's Union (NUPES), encompassing La France Insoumise, the Socialist Party, Ecologist Pole, and the French Communist Party, among others; the Union of the Right and Centre (UDC), including the Republicans, the Union of Democrats and Independents, and their allies; and the far-right National Rally (RN). The NUPES alliance was formed in the two months following the presidential election, where the left-wing vote had been fragmented; it consisted of the first French Left alliance since the Plural Left in 1997.[6]

In the first round, there was some controversy among the Ministry of the Interior and news media about which bloc finished first, as both NUPES and Ensemble obtained about 26% of the vote.[2] They were followed by RN on about 19% and UDC with about 11%.[7] Turnout for the first round was a record-low 47.5%.[8] In the second round, where turnout was higher than that of 2017, Macron's Ensemble coalition secured the most seats (245) but fell 44 seats short of an absolute majority.[9][10][lower-alpha 3] NUPES was projected to win 131 (Ministry of the Interior) or 142 seats (Le Monde), while the far-right RN became the largest parliamentary opposition as a party (89). UDC received enough seats (64 or 71) to be a kingmaker in the next government but suffered losses.[9]

The results were perceived by political commentators as a blow for Macron,[10][11] and created the potential for political instability and gridlock.[5]

Talks among the various parties to form a stable majority government began on 21 June.[12]


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