2022 Hungarian parliamentary election


The next Hungarian parliamentary elections will be held in 2022 or before.

2022 Hungarian parliamentary election

 2018 In or before Spring 2022

All 199 seats in the National Assembly
100 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Viktor Orbán TBD
Party Fidesz–KDNP United Opposition[lower-alpha 1]
Leader since 17 May 2003 23 October 2021
Last election 133 seats, 49.27% Did not exist
(63 seats, 46.47%)[lower-alpha 2]
Seats before
[lower-alpha 3]

Map template for the election.

Prime Minister before election

Viktor Orbán
Fidesz

Elected Prime Minister

TBD

Electoral system


The 199 members of the National Assembly will be elected by two methods; 106 will be elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting, with the remaining 93 elected from a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation. The electoral threshold is set at 5%, although this is raised to 10% for coalitions of two parties and 15% for coalitions of three or more parties. Seats are allocated using the D'Hondt method.[1]

Background


Amendment of the electoral law

Creation of joint opposition list

In 2019 local elections, Democratic Coalition, Jobbik, LMP, MSZP, Momentum Movement, Dialogue and numerous other parties or independent candidates ran in joint lists. It enabled opposition parties to win the majority in the General Assembly of Budapest and some of the other big cities of Hungary.

On 14 August 2020, Democratic Coalition, Jobbik, LMP, MSZP, Momentum Movement, MLP,[2] UK[3] and Dialogue decided to field joint candidates in all of Hungary’s 106 constituencies and launch a joint program for the elections.[4]

On 15 November 2020, Democratic Coalition, Jobbik, LMP, MSZP, Momentum Movement and Dialogue agreed on running with a common candidate for Prime Minister, to be selected in a primary election. They expect the candidate to be selected by 23 October 2021.[5]

On 20 December 2020, Democratic Coalition, Jobbik, LMP, MSZP, Momentum Movement and Dialogue decided on running together on a common list (unnamed as of yet), solidifying their electoral alliance.[6][7] The leaders of the respective parties have also signed a declaration containing the terms of their cooperation, titled "Korszakváltás Garanciái". (literal translation: 'Principles for Hungary's governance after 2022')

Parties and coalitions


The following parties are represented in the National Assembly, or are commonly included in public opinion polling:

Party/Coalition
Full name
Ideology Leader(s) 2018 result Current
seats
Votes (%) Seats
Fidesz–KDNP Fidesz
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance
National conservatism Viktor Orbán 49.27
116 / 199
116 / 199
KDNP
Christian Democratic People's Party
Christian right Zsolt Semjén
17 / 199
17 / 199
United Opposition[lower-alpha 1] Jobbik
Movement for a Better Hungary
Conservatism, Hungarian nationalism[8] Péter Jakab 19.06
26 / 199
17 / 199
MSZP
Hungarian Socialist Party
Social democracy Bertalan Tóth
Ágnes Kunhalmi
11.31
17 / 199
15 / 199
Dialogue
Dialogue for Hungary
Green politics Gergely Karácsony
Tímea Szabó
3 / 199
5 / 199
DK
Democratic Coalition
Social liberalism
European federalism
Ferenc Gyurcsány 5.38
9 / 199
9 / 199
LMP
LMP – Hungary's Green Party
Green liberalism Máté Kanász-Nagy
Erzsébet Schmuck
7.06
8 / 199
6 / 199
Momentum
Momentum Movement
Centrism
Liberalism
András Fekete-Győr 3.06
0 / 199
0 / 199
Mi Hazánk
Our Homeland Movement
Hungarian nationalism László Toroczkai Did not exist[lower-alpha 4]
2 / 199
ISZOMM
Yes Solidarity for Hungary Movement
Democratic socialism Tibor Szanyi Did not exist[lower-alpha 5]
1 / 199
MKKP
Hungarian Two Tailed Dog Party
Joke party Gergely Kovács 1.73
0 / 199
0 / 199
Independents 1.01[lower-alpha 6]
1 / 199
7 / 199
[lower-alpha 7]

Opinion polls


Notes


  1. Jobbik, MSZP, DK, LMP, Dialogue and Momentum have agreed to run together in an electoral alliance. "United Opposition" is a placeholder, as the alliance's name has yet to be announced.
  2. Aggregate results for Jobbik (26 seats, 19.1%), MSZPDialogue (20 seats, 11.9%), DK (9 seats, 5.4%), LMP (8 seats, 7.1%), and Momentum (0 seats, 3.1%).
  3. Composition:
  4. Our Homeland Movement (Mi hazánk) was formed in 2018. In November 2018, three deputies defected from Jobbik and joined Mi hazánk. One later left, leaving the party with two deputies. Within the National Assembly, they are labeled as independents, as the party does not have its own parliamentary group.
  5. Yes Solidarity for Hungary Movement (ISZOMM) was formed in 2020. In June 2020, deputy Sándor Székely defected from the Democratic Coalition and joined ISZOMM. Within the National Assembly, he is labeled as an independent, as the party does not have its own parliamentary group.
  6. Constituency votes only; independents cannot run for the party list component.
  7. All deputies who are not members of a parliamentary group are designated as independent. There are officially 13 independent deputies in the National Assembly, of which six are affiliated with a political party. Their composition is as follows:

References


  1. Electoral system IPU
  2. "Liberálisok: Az ellenzéknek most nem szabad széthúznia" [Liberals: The opposition must not pull apart now] (in Hungarian). ATV. 14 August 2020.
  3. "KÖZLEMÉNY". Facebook (in Hungarian). 14 August 2020.
  4. "Opposition to Field Joint Candidates in All Constituencies in 2022". August 14, 2020.
  5. Közös miniszterelnök-jelöltet állítanak az ellenzéki pártok 2022-re, telex.hu (in Hungarian)
  6. "Megszületett a teljes ellenzéki összefogás". hvg.hu (in Hungarian). 2020-12-20. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  7. "Hungarian opposition unites in bid to unseat Viktor Orbán". POLITICO. 2020-12-20. Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  8. http://parties-and-elections.eu/hungary.html