30th parallel south
The 30th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 30 degrees south of the Earth's equator. It stands one-third of the way between the equator and the South Pole and crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australia, the Pacific Ocean, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.
At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 5 minutes during the summer solstice and 10 hours, 13 minutes during the winter solstice. On December 21, the sun is at 83.83 degrees up in the sky and at 36.17 degrees on June 21.
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 30° south passes through:
Co-ordinates Country, territory or ocean Notes Atlantic Ocean South Africa Northern Cape
Lesotho South Africa KwaZulu-Natal - passing just south of Durban Indian Ocean Australia Western Australia
New South Wales
Pacific Ocean Passing between islands in the Kermadec chain, New Zealand Chile Coquimbo Region - passing just south of Coquimbo Argentina San Juan Province
La Rioja Province
Catamarca Province - Lago Salinas Grandes
Santiago del Estero Province
Santa Fe Province
Brazil Rio Grande do Sul - passing through Porto Alegre Atlantic Ocean