5K run


The 5K run is a long-distance road running competition over a distance of five kilometres (3.107 mi). Also referred to as the 5K road race, 5 km, or simply 5K, it is the shortest of the most common road running distances. It is usually distinguished from the 5000 metres track running event by stating the distance in kilometres, rather than metres.

Athletics
5K run
Runners during a 5k Parkrun in Cannon Hill Park, United Kingdom
World records
Men Joshua Cheptegei 12:51 (2020)
Women Sifan Hassan 14:44Wo (2019)
Caroline Chepkoech Kipkirui 14:48Mx+ (2018)

Among road running events, the 5K distance is mostly popular with novice or infrequent runners or joggers, as it is comparatively easier to complete the distance without endurance training. This also makes the distance suitable for people looking to improve or maintain their general physical fitness, rather than develop long-distance running abilities. The brevity of the distance means that less time is required to take part in the activity and that people from a wide range of ages and abilities may participate. From a physiological perspective, five kilometres is towards the low end of endurance running.[1][2]

The combination of the activity's simplicity, its low cost, and medium exercise intensity mean that it is often recommended by medical organisations and healthcare professionals.[3][4][5] Like all physical activity, regular 5K runs can improve cardiovascular function and reduce body fat, as well as having mental health benefits (see runner's high).[6]

Events


Similar to other road running events, many organised 5K running events incorporate an element of charity running.[2] Runners may elect to raise money for a chosen charity on the condition of their completion of the race.[7] This is typically optional, with other participants running for pleasure. The 5K distance is particularly popular among women and a number of annual women-only races are organised over this distance. Running USA's 2012 analysis of participation in American road races showed that 58% of participants in 5K races were women. This contrasts with women's participation in sport in general and in longer distance races particularly, where the same report showed the gender bias was reversed.[8][9]

The Hot Chocolate 5K in Chicago and the Mercedes-Benz Corporate Run in Miami are the largest organised 5K runs in the United States, having attracted over 20,000 and over 16,000 runners, respectively, in 2012. This ranked the Hot Chocolate 5K as the 20th largest road running event of any distance in the United States that year.[10] There are several prominent 5K race series, including The Color Run, an international, mass participation, city-based series involving coloured water showers,[11] and the parkrun series, which is a worldwide network of free-to-enter, volunteer-led races occurring each weekend, originating in the United Kingdom.[12]

Unlike longer road races, such as the 10K run and marathon, the 5K distance is not commonly contested by elite distance runners. The Carlsbad 5000 is one of the few races that attract competitive elite fields and has seen several world bests for the distance (prior to the IAAF's 2018 decision to begin recognising world records for the 5K).[13][14] The IAAF, now World Athletics did not go back to recognise the world best performances set at Carlsbad, which left a dilemma of known superior performances at Carlsbad and inferior world records that will last until the performances at Carlsbad are recognised or surpassed.

Another annual American race, Freihofer's Run for Women, also regularly has elite women competing in the road distance,[15] as does the BOClassic in Italy.[16] Elite racing almost exclusively takes place on the track for this distance.

There is no official world championship event organised for the 5 km road distance. Championships over 5 km are held nationally in some areas, including the United States and England.[17][18] An annual North American 5K Championships was created in 2002, but this competition ceased after 2005.[19][20]

Records


The 5 km road distance was introduced by IAAF as a world record event in November 2017, with the inaugural record to be recognised after 1 January 2018 if the performances were equal to or better than 13:10 for men and 14:45 for women.[21] Other statistical organisations, including the Association of Road Racing Statisticians, record best times for the event.[22] Records for the 5K are often noted in national records in athletics.

Men's world bests progression (Pre-IAAF)

Time Athlete Date Venue
12:59.5  Sammy Kipketer (KEN) 26 March 2000 Carlsbad 5000
13:12  William Mutwol (KEN) 29 March 1992 Carlsbad 5000
13:26  Yobes Ondieki (KEN) 2 April 1989 Carlsbad 5000
13:30.2  Steve Scott (USA) 27 March 1988 Carlsbad 5000
13:31  Mike McLeod (GBR) 4 April 1984 Newcastle, England
13:56  Carlos Lopes (POR) 18 February 1973 Seia, Portugal
14:19.0  Luigi Conti (ITA) 23 September 1960 Bologna, Italy

Men's world record progression (IAAF era)

Time Athlete Date Venue
12:51  Joshua Cheptegei (UGA) 16 February 2020 Monaco
13:22  Robert Keter (KEN) 9 November 2019 Lille, France
13:29  Edward Cheserek (KEN) 7 April 2019 Carlsbad, United States
13:29  Julien Wanders (SUI) 17 February 2019 Monaco
13:30  Bernard Kibet Lagat (KEN) 8 September 2018 Prague, Czech Republic

Women's world bests progression (Pre-IAAF)

Time Athlete Date Venue
14:32+  Joyciline Jepkosgei (KEN) 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix
14:46  Meseret Defar (ETH) 9 April 2006 Carlsbad 5000
14:47  Lornah Kiplagat (NED) 28 March 2004 Brunssum, Netherlands
14:50.4  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) 14 September 2003 London, United Kingdom
14:53.6  Berhane Adere (ETH) 13 April 2003 Carlsbad 5000
14:53.8  Deena Drossin (USA) 7 April 2002 Carlsbad 5000
14:57  Paula Radcliffe (GBR) 2 September 2001 London, United Kingdom
14:57.2  Lydia Cheromei (KEN) 8 June 1997 Bern, Switzerland
15:05  Rose Cheruiyot (KEN) 2 April 1995 Carlsbad 5000
15:10  Elana Meyer (RSA) 16 October 1994 Providence, United States
15:11  Liz McColgan (GBR) 14 April 1991 Carlsbad 5000
15:20  Lynn Williams (CAN) 2 April 1989 Carlsbad 5000
15:26  Liz McColgan (GBR) 20 December 1987 Derry, United Kingdom
15:29  Grete Waitz (NOR) 20 October 1984 West Lafayette, United States
15:29  Lorraine Moller (NZL) 31 October 1982 Woodland Hills, United States
16:08  Mary Shea (USA) 14 February 1982 Raleigh, United States
16:16  Julie Shea (USA) 20 September 1981 Jersey City, United States

Women's world record progression (IAAF era)

Time Athlete Date Venue
14:44  Sifan Hassan (NED) 17 February 2019 Monaco

All-time top 25


Men

  • Correct as of February 2021.
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Race Place Ref
1 12:51 Joshua Cheptegei  Uganda 16 February 2020 Monaco Run 5K Monaco [23]
2 13:00 Sammy Kipketer  Kenya 26 March 2000 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
1 April 2001 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
3 13:10 Dejene Berhanu  Ethiopia 3 April 2005 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
4 13:11 Dejen Gebremeskel  Ethiopia 3 April 2011 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Eliud Kipchoge  Kenya 11 April 2010 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
6 13:14 Hagos Gebrhiwet  Ethiopia 1 April 2012 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
7 13:15 Abreham Cherkos  Ethiopia 9 April 2006 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
8 13:16 Simon Ndirangu  Kenya 30 March 2013 Westfield
Tariku Bekele  Ethiopia 1 April 2012 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Paul Koech  Kenya 29 March 1998 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
11 13:17 Bethwell Birgen  Kenya 14 February 2021 5 km Herculis Monaco [24]
Oscar Chelimo  Uganda 31 December 2020 BOclassic Bolzano [25]
13 13:18 Armando Quintanilla  Mexico 31 March 1996 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Jimmy Gressier  France 16 February 2020 Monaco Run 5km Monaco [26]
13:18+ Rhonex Kipruto  Kenya 12 January 2020 10k Valencia Ibercaja Valencia [27]
16 13:19 Bekana Daba  Ethiopia 5 April 2009 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Ouassim Oumaiz Errouch  Spain 19 July 2020 Seven Hills 5K Invitational Nijmegen [28]
Davis Kiplangat  Kenya 14 February 2021 5 km Herculis Monaco [29]
Morhad Amdouni  France 14 February 2021 5 km Herculis Monaco [30]
Robin Hendrix  Belgium 31 December 2020 BOclassic Bolzano [31]
21 13:20 Craig Mottram  Australia 3 April 2005 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Ben True  United States 15 April 2017 BAA 5K Boston [32]
Marc Scott  Great Britain 8 August 2020 Barrowford [33]
Abdelaati Iguider  Morocco 31 December 2020 BOclassic Bolzano [34]
Yemaneberhan Crippa  Italy 31 December 2020 BOclassic Bolzano [35]
Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 13:20:

Women

  • Correct as of May 2021.
Rank Time Athlete Nation Date Race Place Ref
1 14:32+ Joyciline Jepkosgei  Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague [36]
2 14:39 Mx [lower-alpha 1] Karoline Bjerkeli Grøvdal  Norway 1 May 2021 Sør-Odal [37]
3 14:41 Mx [lower-alpha 2] Beth Potter  Great Britain 3 April 2021 Podium 5k Sub-15.30 Barroford [38][39]
4 14:43 Mx Beatrice Chepkoech  Kenya 14 February 2021 5 km Herculis Monaco [40]
5 14:44 Sifan Hassan  Netherlands 17 February 2019 5km Herculis Monaco [41]
6 14:45+ Fancy Chemutai  Kenya 9 September 2017 Birell Prague Grand Prix Prague
7 14:46 Meseret Defar  Ethiopia 9 April 2006 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
14:46+ Violah Jepchumba  Kenya 10 September 2016 Prague Half Marathon Prague
Sheila Chepkirui  Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [42]
Dorcas Kimeli  Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [43]
Norah Jeruto  Kenya 7 September 2019 Prague Grand Prix Prague [44]
12 14:47 Lornah Kiplagat  Netherlands 28 March 2004 Parelloop Brunssum
13 14:48 Genzebe Dibaba  Ethiopia 29 March 2015 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Kim Smith  New Zealand 30 March 2013 Westfield
14:48+ Paula Radcliffe  Great Britain 23 February 2003 San Juan
16 14:50 Molly Huddle  United States 18 April 2015 Boston
17 14:51 Sentayehu Ejigu  Ethiopia 18 April 2015 Boston
Tirunesh Dibaba  Ethiopia 3 April 2005 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
14:51+ Caroline Chepkoech  Kenya 7 April 2018 Prague Half Marathon Prague [45]
Joan Melly Chelimo  Kenya 7 April 2018 Prague Half Marathon Prague [46]
21 14:52 Mamitu Daska  Ethiopia 18 April 2015 BAA 5K Boston
22 14:53 Isabella Ochichi  Kenya 28 March 2004 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
23 14:54 Deena Kastor  United States 7 April 2002 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Berhane Adere  Ethiopia 13 April 2003 Carlsbad 5000 Carlsbad
Buze Diriba  Ethiopia 15 April 2017 BAA 5K Boston [32]
Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 14:53:

Notes


  1. uncertified course
  2. Unratificable by World Athletics because no drug test after race.

References


  1. Wolfe-Bieler, Kristen (2007-06-08). Run Your First 5-K. Runner's World. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  2. Liberman, Art; Brown, Randy; Myers, Eileen (January 18, 2012). The Everything Running Book: The Ultimate Guide to Injury-free Running for Fitness and Competition. Adams Media. p. 194. ISBN 9781440529719.
  3. Beginner 5km programme Archived 2014-02-03 at the Wayback Machine. BUPA. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  4. 5K Fun Run Archived 2014-02-01 at the Wayback Machine. Diabetes.co.uk. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  5. 5K run: 7-week training schedule for beginners. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  6. running with Couch to 5K. National Health Service. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  7. Race for Life Archived 2014-01-15 at the Wayback Machine. Cancer Research UK. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  8. Statistics Archived 2016-01-03 at the Wayback Machine. Running USA (2012). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  9. 2012 State of the Sport Part I: Growth of Women's Running. Running USA (2012-05-09). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  10. Largest Races. Running USA. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  11. About. The Color Run. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  12. Philips, Mitch (2010-05-21). Grass-roots support pushes Parkrun to new heights. Reuters. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  13. Defar runs fastest ever women's 5km in Carlsbad. IAAF (2006-04-10). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  14. Third win in a row for Gebremeskel, Burka makes Ethiopian double in Carlsbad. IAAF (2013-04-08). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  15. Chebet beats the heat to set course record in Albany 5K. IAAF (2010-06-06). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  16. Sampaolo, Diego (2012-01-01). Soi and Cheruiyot take thrillers in Bolzano. IAAF. Retrieved on 2012-01-02.
  17. Records, Rankings, and Lists. USA Track and Field. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  18. English 5k Road Championship Archived 2009-11-20 at the Wayback Machine. England Athletics (2010-07-12). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  19. North AMerican 5 Kilometres Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  20. 2005 North American 5 km Team Challenge. USATF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  21. "Summary of key changes to IAAF Competition Rules, as of June 2018". IAAF. 28 June 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  22. World Best Progressions- Road. Association of Road Racing Statisticians (2013-12-21). Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  23. "Cheptegei breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  24. Bob Ramsak (14 February 2021). "14:43! Chepkoech breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  25. "Jagd auf Europarekord bei BOclassic missglückt knapp". runaustria.at (in German). 31 December 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  26. "Cheptegei breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. 16 February 2020. Retrieved 3 March 2020.
  27. Valiente, Emeterio (12 January 2020). "Kipruto breaks world 10km record in Valencia". World Athletics. World Athletics. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
  28. Helmut Winter (21 July 2020). "Seven Hills 5K invitational run in the Netherlands". aims-worldrunning.org. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  29. Bob Ramsak (14 February 2021). "14:43! Chepkoech breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  30. Bob Ramsak (14 February 2021). "14:43! Chepkoech breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  31. "Jagd auf Europarekord bei BOclassic missglückt knapp". runaustria.at (in German). 31 December 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  32. Barbara Matson (April 15, 2017). "Ben True sets American record en route to BAA 5K win". The Boston Globe. Retrieved April 15, 2017.
  33. Jessica Whittington (8 August 2020). "Marc Scott breaks British record at Podium 5km". athleticsweekly.com. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  34. "Jagd auf Europarekord bei BOclassic missglückt knapp". runaustria.at (in German). 31 December 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  35. "Jagd auf Europarekord bei BOclassic missglückt knapp". runaustria.at (in German). 31 December 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  36. Bob Ramsak (9 September 2017). "Jepkosgei smashes world 10km record in Prague". IAAF. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
  37. Yasmin Sunde Hoel; Malin Jørnholt (1 May 2021). "Grøvdal med tidenes raskeste løp, men får trolig ikke verdensrekord: – Utrolig dårlig" (in Norwegian). NRK. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  38. Sean Ingle (4 April 2021). "No drug testers means Beth Potter's 5km record run likely to be chalked off". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  39. Jason Henderson (3 April 2021). "Beth Potter beats world record time at Podium 5km". athleticsweekly.com. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  40. Bob Ramsak (14 February 2021). "14:43! Chepkoech breaks world 5km record in Monaco". World Athletics. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  41. Nicole Jeffery (17 February 2019). "Wanders and Hassan set world 5km records in Monaco". IAAF. Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  42. Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  43. Bob Ramsak (8 September 2019). "Weekend road round-up: Chepkirui and Kimeli break 30 minutes at Prague 10k, Kosgei dominates Great North Run". IAAF. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
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  46. "Joan Melly Chelimo Prague Half Marathon 2018 Result". runczech.com. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.

List of world bests