8th Army (Wehrmacht)
The 8th Army (German: 8. Armee Oberkommando) was a World War I and World War II field army. It existed twice during the war, in the invasion of Poland in 1939, and on the Eastern Front from 1943 onwards.
|Engagements||World War II|
The 8th Army was activated on 1 August 1939 with General Johannes Blaskowitz in command. In 1939 it was part of Gerd von Rundstedt's Army Group South for the Invasion of Poland. It consisted of two corps, X. Armeekorps and XIII. Armeekorps, and was responsible for the northern part of Army Group South's front. The army saw heavy combat during the Battle of the Bzura. After the conclusion of the Polish campaign, it was reorganized into the 2nd Army which took part in the Battle of France in 1940.
In 1943 it was reformed after the Battle of Kursk from Army Detachment Kempf. After fierce defensive battles throughout 1943, 1944 and the first months of 1945, it finally surrendered in Austria in 1945. It fought in Hungary, Romania, and Austria in 1944 and 1945.
|No.||Portrait||Commander||Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1 August 1939||20 October 1939||80 days|
|2||General der Infanterie|
|22 August 1943||7 December 1944||1 year, 107 days|
|3||General der Gebirgstruppe|
|28 December 1944||8 May 1945||131 days|
- Tessin, Georg. Die Landstreitkräfte 6—14. Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939—1945. 3. Frankfurt/Main: E.S. Mittler. pp. 87–90.
- "MAPS4U.lt - Maps in History and History in Maps". maps4u.lt. Retrieved 2018-06-27.